904: Thessalonica is sacked by Saracen pirates led by renegade Leo of Tripoli.
1221: Emperor Go-Horikawa, aged only 10 years old, ascends to the Chrysanthemum Throne of Japan.
1565: Mary, Queen of Scots, marries her cousin, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley.
1567: James VI is crowned King of Scots at Stirling.
1588: The Spanish Armada is damaged and scattered by the English fleet at the Battle of Gravelines.
1609: Samuel de Champlain shoots and kills two Iroquois chiefs at Ticonderoga, New York setting the stage for French-Iroquois conflicts for the next 150 years.
1696: Louis XIV of France and Victor Amadeus II, Duke of Savoy sign the Peace of Turin, a turning point in the War of the League of Augsburg.
1751: The first international world title prize fight: Jack Stack of England, beats challenger M. Petit of France in 29 mins in England.
1783: The volcano Skaptar erupts on Iceland, killing about 9,000.
1833: Death of abolitionist William Wilberforce aged 73.
1836: Inauguration of the Arc de Triomphe in Paris.
1848: During the Irish potato famine, an unsuccessful nationalist revolt in Tipperary against British rule is put down by police.
1864: During the American Civil War, Confederate spy Belle Boyd is arrested by Union troops and detained at the Old Capitol Prison in Washington, D.C.
1884: The Society of Independent Artists is founded in Paris by Albert Dubois-Pillet, Odilon Redon, Georges Seurat and Paul Signac.
1890: Artist Vincent van Gogh dies two days after shooting himself.
1900: King Umberto I of Italy is assassinated by anarchist Gaetano Bresci.
1905:US Secretary of War, William Howard Taft, makes a secret agreement with Japanese Prime Minister Katsura agreeing to Japanese free rein in Korea in return for non-interference with the US in the Philippines.
1907: The first helicopter ascent in Douai, France. On the same day, Robert Baden-Powell forms the Boy Scouts movement in England.
1914: The first transcontinental phone link is made between New York City and San Francisco. On the same day, Austrian-Hungary bombs Belgrade and Russian troops mobilise along the Austrian boundary.
1921: Adolf Hitler becomes leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party.
1922: Greek troops defeat Turkish forces and are on their way to Constantinople, but the Allies forbid them from taking the city.
1923: Albert Einstein speaks on pacifism in Berlin.
1928: France beats the USA in Paris to win the Davis Cup.
1930: The first passenger-carrying airship flight from England to Canada.
1934: Antonin Magne of France wins the Tour de France.
1937: Japanese troops occupy Peking and Tientsin. On the same day, East Hopei Army mutinies against Japanese troops and civilians.
1943: A million people flee bomb blasted Hamburg.
1948: George VI opens the Olympic Games at Wembley Stadium in London.
1949: Moscow ends the blockade of West Berlin.
1953: A is US bomber shot down by Soviet Air Defence Forces in the Sea of Japan, north of Vladivostok.
1954: The Fellowship Of The Ring – the first volume of the Lord of the Rings saga by JRR Tolkien, is published.
1957: Floyd Patterson TKOs Tommy Jackson in Round 10 for the heavyweight boxing title.
1965: Premier of The Beatles movie Help! On the same day, Gemini 5 returns to Earth.
1966: Bob Dylan was riding his Triumph 55 motorcycle to a garage near his home in Woodstock, New York for repairs when the rear wheel locked. Dylan lost control and was thrown over the handlebars, suffering a broken neck vertebra. On the same day, in a Nigerian counter-coup, head of state, General Aguiyi Ironsi, is murdered and Yakubu Gowon is appointed his successor.
1967: The International Love-In Festival took place at Alexandra Palace, London, with Pink Floyd, Brian Auger Trinity with Julie Driscoll, The Animals and The Crazy World Of Arthur Brown.
1968: Gram Parsons left The Byrds on the eve of a tour of South Africa, ref.using to play to segregated audiences. On the same day, the first recording session of The Beatles’ “Hey Jude” took place at EMI Studios in Abbey Road, St John’s Wood.
1969: Mariner 6 begins transmitting far-encounter photos of Mars.
1970: The beginning of six days of race rioting in Hartford, Connecticut.
1972: Screaming Lord Sutch was arrested in London after jumping from a bus in Downing Street with four nude women.
1973: Led Zeppelin lost around $203,000 in cash after a thief made off with the receipts of two Madison Square Garden concerts from the safe at The Drake Hotel in New York, where the band were staying. On the same day, a Greek plebiscite chooses republic over monarchy.
1974: Singer Cass Elliot died in her sleep from a heart attack after playing a sold out show in London.
1975: A military coup in Nigeria leads to President Jakubu Gowon being overthrown.
1976: Fire engulfs Southend Pier, destroying the end of the longest pier in the world.
1978: Penny Dean swims the English Channel in a record 7h40m. On the same day, Pioneer 11 transmits images of Saturn and its rings.
1979: Singles chart:
- I Don’t Like Monday – The Boomtown Rats
- Can’t Stand Losing You – The Police
- Wanted – The Dooleys
- Girls Talk – Dave Edmunds
- Voulez Vous – ABBA
- Silly Games – Janet Kay
- Are Friends Electric – Tubeway Army
- My Sharona – The Knack
- Breakfast In America – Supertramp
- Beat The Clock – Sparks
1981: Prince Charles marries Lady Diana Spencer at St Paul’s Cathedral. On the same day, Anti-apartheid protesters against the Springbok rugby tour are confronted by police who use batons to stop them marching to South Africa’s Consul in New Zealand.
1982: James Bond actor Harold Sakata (Oddjob) dies aged 62.
1983: Hollywood star David Niven dies from motor neurone disease aged 73.
1989: Javier Sotomayor of Cuba sets the high jump record (8’0″) in San Juan.
1990: Elton John checked into a Chicago clinic to cure bulimia and an addiction problem.
1993: The Israel Court of Appeal says retired Ohio car worker John Demjanjuk may not after all have been notorious Nazi death camp guard Ivan the Terrible. On the same day, charges are dropped against two youths accused of murdering black teenager Stephen Lawrence.
1994: Pink Floyd guitarist David Gilmour marries Polly Samson.
2000: Brad Pitt marries “Friends” star Jennifer Aniston in Malibu.
2001: Defender Iván Córdoba scores winner as home team Columbia edge Mexico, 1-0 to win the Copa América in Bogotá.
- Survivor – Destiny’s Child
- White Ladder – David Gray
- Rings Around The World – Super Fury Animals
- Devils Night – D12
- Gorillaz – Gorillaz
- 8701 – Usher
- No Angel – Dido
- The Very Best Of – The Eagles
- The Invisible Band – Travis
- Hot Shot – Shaggy
2005: Astronomers announce the discovery of dwarf planet Eris.
2006: Robyn Denise Moore divorces actor/director Mel Gibson after 31 years of marriage.
2007: Alberto Contador of Spain wins the Tour de France. On the same day, comedian and EastEnders actor Mike Reid dies aged 66.
2013: €103 million of diamonds is stolen from the Carton Intercontinental Hotel, Cannes.
2014: Israeli strikes on Gaza kill 100. On the same day, jazz drummer Idris Muhammad dies aged 74.
2015: More than 3,500 immigrants attempt to enter the Channel Tunnel at Calais, to cross into Britian over two days. On the same day, Microsoft launches Windows 10 and British horse racing commentator Peter o’Sullevan, ‘the voice of racing’, dies aged 97.
2018: Geraint Thomas becomes the first Welshman to win the Tour de France.
BIRTHDAYS: David Warner, actor, 79; Neal Doughty, keyboardist (REO Speedwagon) 74; Geddy Lee (Gary Lee Weinrib), bass/vocals/keyboards (Rush) 67; Patti Scialfa (Springsteen) singer-songwriter, 67; Nellie Kim, gymnast, 63; Sally Gunnell, former athlete, 54; Miles Hunt, singer (The Wonder Stuff) 54; Simon Jones, bassist (The Verve) 48; Wil Wheaton, actor, 48; Stephen Dorff, actor, 47; Danger Mouse, (Brian Joseph Burton) musician/producer/songwriter, 43; Fernando Alonso, motor racer, 39.