It happened today – this day in history – July 3

1187: Saladin, Sultan of Egypt and Syria, destroys Jerusalem’s crusader army.

1250: Louis IX of France is captured by Baibars’ Mamluk army at the Battle of Fariskur in Egypt during the Seventh Crusade. He later has to ransom himself.

1608: Samuel de Champlain founds the city of Quebec.

1661: Portugal gives Tangier and Bombay to Charles II of England.

1767: Pitcairn Island is discovered by Midshipman Robert Pitcairn on an expeditionary voyage commanded by Philip Carteret.

1778: British forces massacre 360 men, women and children in Wyoming. On the same day, Prussia declares war on Austria.

1849: The French enter Rome to restore Pope Pius IX to power.

1863: The Battle of Gettysburg ends in a major victory for the Union during the American Civil War.

1876: Montenegro declares war on Turkey.

1883: Birth of author Franz Kafka in Prague.

1886: In Germany, Karl Benz drives the first motor car.

1890: Idaho is admitted as the 43rd US state. On the same day, King Leopold II gives Congo, previously a private possession, to Belgium.

1898: Joshua Slocum completes the first solo circumnavigation of the world.

1900: In an effort to stem growing popular resentment, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia issues a decree that abolishes the banishment of dissidents and troublemakers to Siberia.

1920: Bill Tilden, becomes the first American to win the Wimbledon Men’s Singles title, beating defending champion Gerald Patterson of Australia 2-6, 6-3, 6-2, 6-4.

1926: Britain’s Kitty Godfree wins her second Wimbledon Ladies’ singles title with a 6-2, 4-6, 6-3 victory over Spaniard Lilí Álvarez.

1928: John Logie Baird demonstrates the first colour television transmission in London.

1931: Max Schmeling beats American Young Stribling by a TKO in Round 15 in his first heavyweight title defence in Cleveland.

1936: Fred Perry beats Gottfried von Cramm of Germany 6-1, 6-1, 6-0 for his third straight Wimbledon singles title.

1940: British warships destroy the French fleet at Mers-el-Kebir, Algeria, to prevent Germany from seizing it.

1942: German troops march into Sebastopol, Crimea.

1948: Louise Brough beats fellow American Doris Hart 6-3, 8-6 for the first of 3-straight Wimbledon singles titles. On the same day, American kidnapper Caryl Chessman is sentenced to death, although the execution doesn’t happen for 12 years.

1951: Sam Snead wins his third PGA golf tournament at Oakmont.

1954: Maureen Connolly wins her third consecutive Wimbledon Ladies’ singles title, beating fellow American Louise Brough 6-2, 7-5.

1959: South African Gary Player wins the British Open at Muirfield.

1964: Roy Emmerson beats fellow Australian Fred Stolle 6-4, 12-10, 4-6, 6-3; to win his first of two straight Wimbledon Men’s singles titles.

1966: Demonstrators in London are arrested after a protest against the Vietnam War turns violent.


1967: News At Ten begins on ITV.

1968: At an impromptu gathering at Joni Mitchell’s house in Laurel Canyon, Los Angeles, David Crosby, Stephen Stills and Graham Nash sing together for the very first time.

1969: Former Rolling Stones guitarist Brian Jones is found dead in his swimming pool aged 27.

1970: A holiday charter flight from Manchester to Barcelona goes missing with 105 holiday-makers and seven crew on board. Wreckage is found the following day in the Montseny mountains in Northern Spain. No one survives. On the same day, The British Army imposes a curfew on the Falls Road area of Belfast as they search for weapons; coming under attack from the Official IRA and republican rioters, Also, Margaret Court beats Billie Jean King 14-12, 11-9 for her third and final Wimbledon ladies singles title.

1971: Jim Morrison, singer with The Doors, dies aged 27 from heart failure in his bath in Paris. On the same day, John Newcombe of Australia beats American Stan Smith 6-3, 5-7, 2-6, 6-4, 6-4 for his third and final Wimbledon men’s singles title.

1972: Blues artist Mississippi Fred McDowell dies of cancer aged 68.

1973: David Bowie announces the retirement of his Ziggy Stardust character from the stage of the Hammersmith Apollo. On the same day, Laurens Hammond the inventor of the Hammond organ dies aged 73.

1976: Sweden’s Bjorn Borg beats Ilie Nastase of Romania 6-4, 6-2, 9-7 for the first of five straight Wimbledon men’s singles titles.

1977: Singles chart:

  1. So You Win Again – Hot Chocolate
  2. Show You The Way To Go – The Jacksons
  3. Fanfare For The Common Man – ELP
  4. Baby Don’t Change Your Mind – Gladys Knight and the Pips
  5. Ma Baker – Boney M
  6. Sam – Olivia Newton John
  7. Lucille – Kenny Rogers
  8. Peaches – The Stranglers
  9. You’re Moving Out Today – Carole Bayer Sager
  10. Evergrreen (Theme From A Star Is Born) – Barbra Streisand
1977: ABBA – Arrival

Album chart:

  1. A Star Is Born – Original Soundtrack
  2. The Muppet Show – The Muppets
  3. The Johnny Mathis Collection – Johnny Mathis
  4. The Beatles At The Hollywood Bowl – The Beatles
  5. Arrival – ABBA
  6. Stranglers IV (Rattus Norvegicus) – The Stranglers
  7. Love At The Greek – Neil Diamond
  8. Hotel California – The Eagles
  9. Deceptive Bends – 10cc
  10. A New World Record – ELO

1982: Martina Navratilova beats Chris Evert 6-1, 3-6, 6-2 for the first of six straight Wimbledon Ladies’ singles titles.

1987: Former chief of the Gestapo in Lyon, Klaus Barbie, is sentenced to life imprisonment by a French court.

1988: An American naval warship patrolling in the Persian Gulf shoots down an Iranian passenger jet after apparently mistaking it for a fighter plane.

1989: Soviet leader Andrei Gromyko dies just short of his 80th birthday.

1990: The House of Commons announces that the Stone of Scone, used in the coronation of Scottish (and subsequently English and British monarchs), will be returned to Scotland after 700 years in Westminster Abbey.

1994: Pete Sampras successfully defends his Wimbledon title against Goran Ivanišević of Croatia 7-6, 7-6, 6-0.

2000: In his first speech as Mayor of London Ken Livingstone announces that he will stand up to the Labour government.

2001: A Vladivostok Avia Tupolev TU-154 jetliner crashes on approach to landing at Irkutsk, Russia killing 145 people. On the same day, defender Sol Campbell moves on a Bosman free transfer from Tottenham to near neighbours Arsenal. Spurs fans never forgive him.

2004: Maria Sharapova becomes the first Russian player to win Wimbledon beating defending champion Serena Williams 6-1, 6-4.

2008: Singer Kylie Minogue receives an OBE for services to music from the Prince of Wales at Buckingham Palace.

2013 Egyptian president, Mohammed Morsi, is deposed by the military with Adly Mansour appointed interim president.

2019: More than a million people are ordered to evacuate the Japanese island of Kyushu amid warnings of mudslides after 39 inches of rainfall.

2021: The worst wildfires in Cyprus’s history begin in Limassol.

2022: Sri Lanka says it has less than one day’s worth of fuel left, as its economic crisis deepens, closing schools and bringing public transport to a halt.

2023:Israel launches its biggest military operation against militants in the Jenin refugee camp on the West Bank in 20 years.

Benedict Wong (Photo: Gage Skidmore)

BIRTHDAYS: Harrison Schmitt, astronaut/politician, 89; Sir Tom Stoppard, playwright, 87; Kurtwood Smith, actor, 81; Susan Penhaligon, actress, 75; Sir Richard Hadlee, cricketer, 74; Charlie Higson, writer/comedian, 66; Sian Lloyd, weather announcer, 66; Julie Burchill, journalist, 65; Vince Clarke, musician/songwriter (Depeche Mode/Yazoo/Erasure) 64; Tom Cruise (Mapother), actor, 62; Thomas Gibson, actor, 62; Dame Tracey Emin, artist, 61; Yeardley Smith, voice of Lisa Simpson, 60; Peyton Reed, film director, 60; Connie Nielsen, actress, 59; Arlene Foster, politician, 54; Benedict Wong, actor, 54; Julian Assange, activist, 53; Patrick Wilson, actor/director, 51; Javier Weyler, drummer, (Stereophonics) 49; Shane Lynch, vocals, (Boyzone) 48; Olivia (Lisa) Munn, actress, 44; Sebastian Vettel, racing driver, 37; Elle King (Tanner Schneider) singer-songwriter, 35.