1189: Richard I is crowned King of England upon the death of King Henry II.
1249: Death of Alexander II, King of Scots, aged 50.
1483: Richard III is crowned King of England after deposing Edward V.
1484: Portuguese sea captain Diogo Cão finds the mouth of the Congo River.
1535: Sir Thomas More is beheaded for treason.
1553: Edward VI dies aged 15.
1560: England and Scotland sign the Treaty of Edinburgh.
1590: Admiral Francis Drake takes Portuguese Forts at Taag.
1673: French troops conquer Maastricht as part of the Franco-Dutch War.
1685: James II beats the Duke of Monmouth at the Battle of Sedgemoor.
1699: The pirate Captain William Kidd is captured in Boston, Mass.
1785: The US Congress unanimously resolves the name of US currency to the “dollar” and adopts decimal coinage.
1885: Louis Pasteur successfully administers an anti-rabies vaccine to 9-year-old Joseph Meister, saving his life.
1886: Horlick’s of Wisconsin offers the first malted milk to the public.
1887: Lottie Dod becomes youngest ever Wimbledon champion (15 years, 285 days) beating Blanche Bingley 6-2, 6-0.
1898: The US Senate agrees to annex Hawaii.
1907: Birth of Mexican artist Frida Kahlo.
1908: Robert Peary’s arctic expedition sails from New York for the north pole.
1912: The Olympic Games officially open Stockholm, Sweden even though events have been taking place since May 5.
1917: T E Lawrence captures the port of Aqaba from the Turks.
1919: The British R-34 lands in New York, becoming the first airship to cross the Atlantic.
1924: The first photo is sent experimentally across Atlantic from the US to England by radio.
1928: “Lights of New York”, the first all talking movie is shown in New York.
1931: Billy Burke wins the US Open.
1932: Death of author Kenneth Grahame aged 73.
1934: Britain’s Fred Perry beats Australian Jack Crawford 6-3, 6-0, 7-5 for the first of three straight Wimbledon titles.
1936: A major breach in the Manchester, Bolton and Bury Canal sends millions of gallons of water cascading 200 feet into the River Irwell.
1942: Anne Frank’s family goes into hiding in After House, Amsterdam.
1944: US General George Patton lands in France. On the same day, the world’s largest circus tent catches fire in Hartford, Connecticut, killing 168.
1949: A freak heat wave sends the central coast of Portugal to 158°F for two minutes.
1951: Max Faulkner wins the British Open at Portrush.
1952: London’s trams are taken out of service after 100 years.
1957: Paul McCartney meets John Lennon for the first time at The Woolton Church Parish Fete. On the same day, Althea Gibson becomes the first black female athlete to win Wimbledon beating Darlene Hard 6-3, 6-2.
1962: Rod Laver beats fellow Australian Martin Mulligan 6-2, 6-2, 6-1 in the Wimbledon Men’s singles final for the third leg of his first Grand Slam. On the same day, author William Faulkner dies aged 64.
1964: The Beatles film A Hard Day’s Night premieres at The Pavilion in London. On the same day, Malawi declares independence from the UK.
1967: Civil War erupts as Nigerian forces invade the secessionist state of Biafra.
1968: Beginning of the two-day Woburn Music Festival, Woburn Abbey, Beds, featuring Family, Taste, John Mayall’s Bluesbreakers, Tyrannosaurus Rex, Fleetwood Mac and The Jimi Hendrix Experience.
1971: Death of jazz trumpeter, singer and bandleader, Louis Armstrong aged 69.
1978: A blaze on the Penzance to Paddington sleeper train leaves 11 dead and 17 injured.
1979: Producer, songwriter, Van McCoy died from a heart attack. On the same day, an IRA bomb explodes in the British consulate in Antwerp.
1986: In the 100th Wimbledon Men’s Tennis final, Boris Becker defends his title, beating Ivan Lendl 6-4, 6-3, 7-5.
1987: Pakistan cricketer and future prime minister, Imran Khan, reaches his 300th Test wicket milestone during the third test vs England at Headingley.
1988: The North Sea oil platform Piper Alpha explodes, killing 166.
2000: West Ham United pay a record £1.8 million for late former skipper Bobby Moore’s collection of memorabilia including his 1966 World Cup winner’s medal. On the same day, Prime Minister Tony Blair’s eldest son, Euan, is arrested for being drunk and incapable.
2002: Serena Williams beats older sister Venus 7-6, 6-3 for her first Wimbledon singles title.
2003: Roger Federer beats Australian Mark Philippoussis 7-6, 6-2, 7-6 for his first Wimbledon Men’s title.
2004: R&B, soul singer-songwriter Syreeta Wright died after a two-year battle with bone cancer aged 58.
2005: Rap star Lil’ Kim was sentenced to a year in jail for lying to a grand jury to protect friends. On the same day, the IOC awards London the right to host the Olympics in 2012.
2008: Rafa Nadal ends Roger Federer’s five-year reign at Wimbledon 6-4, 6-4, 6-7, 6-7, 9-7.
2012: Carol Hawkins, the former personal assistant of U2 bassist Adam Clayton, was jailed for seven years for embezzling £2.2m of his money to fund a lavish lifestyle.
2013: 42 people are killed in an attack on a boarding school in Mamudo, Nigeria.
2014: An Israeli air strike kills seven Hamas militants in the Gaza Strip.
2015: Floyd Mayweather Jr is stripped of his WBO welterweight boxing title after failing to pay a $200k sanctioning fee and vacate his two junior middleweight titles.
2016: South African paralympian Oscar Pistorius is sentenced to six years in jail for the murder of his girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp in 2013. On the same day, the Chilcot Report into Britain’s part in the Iraq War concludes prime minister Tony Blair overstated the case for war and was unprepared. Also, African American Alton Sterling is filmed being shot by Louisiana police in Baton Rouge, while being restrained on the ground and African American Philando Castile is shot by police in St Paul, Minnesota after being pulled over for a broken rear light.
2017: France announces it will ban petrol and diesel cars by 2040.
BIRTHDAYS: The Dalai Lama (Tenzin Gyatso) 85; Gene Chandler, singer, 83; Ned Beatty, actor, 83; Vladimir Ashkenazy, concert pianist, 83; Lady Mary Peters, Olympic athlete, 81; Rik Elswit, guitarist (Dr Hook) 75; Burt Ward, actor, 75; George W Bush, former US President, 74; Sylvester Stallone, actor/writer/director 74; Michael Shrieve, drummer (Santana) 71; Geoffrey Rush, actor, 69; Graham Oliver, guitarist (Saxon) 68; Nanci Griffith, singer-songwriter, 66; Jennifer Saunders, actress/writer, 62; John Keeble, drummer (Spandau Ballet) 61; Robert Heaton, drummer (New Model Army) 59; Eddie Campbell, keyboardist (Texas) 55; 50 Cent (Curtis Jackson, rapper, 45; Kevin Hart, comedian, 41; Eva Green, actress, 40; Kate Nash, singer-songwriter, 33.