It happened today – this day in history – July 8

975: Death of Edgar, King of England.

1497: Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama departs on his first voyage, becoming the first European to reach India by sea.

1538: Spanish conquistador of Chile and Peru, Diego de Almagro, is executed at Las Salinas.

1663: King Charles II grants a charter to Rhode Island.

1776: Colonel John Nixon gives the first public reading of the Declaration of Independence to an assemblage of citizens in Philadelphia.

1792: France declares war on Prussia.

1796: The US State Department issues the first US passport.

1822: Romantic poet Percy Bysshe Shelley drowns at 29 in a sudden storm on the Gulf of La Spezia while returning from Livorno to Lerici, Italy in his sailing boat.

1831: Birth of pharmacist John Pemberton, the inventor of Coca Cola.

1836: Charles Darwin reaches Saint Helena in HMS Beagle and takes up lodgings near the tomb of Napoleon.

1838: Birth of Ferdinand von Zeppelin, inventor of the rigid dirigible.

1882: Birth of composer Percy Grainger in Melbourne, Australia.

1889: John L Sullivan KOs Jake Kilrain in 75 rounds in the last bare-knuckle boxing bout. On the same day, the Wall Street Journal is first published.

1905: May Sutton becomes the first American player to win the Ladies singles title at Wimbledon, beating Dorothea Chambers 6-3, 6-4. On the same day, the crew of the Russian battleship Potemkin who mutinied, surrender to Romanian authorities.

1923: Warren G Harding becomes the first sitting US President to visit Alaska.

1933: Denny Shute wins his only British Open golf title at St Andrews.

1939: American Alice Marble wins her only Wimbledon Ladies singles title, beating Kay Stammers of England 6-2, 6-0.

1944: British troops march into Caen, Normandy.

1950: General Douglas MacArthur is named commander-in-chief of UN forces in Korea.

1954: Sun Records producer Sam Phillips takes an acetate recording of Elvis Presley singing That’s All Right Mama to Memphis radio station WHBQ DJ Dewey Phillips, who plays the song just after 9.30pm that evening on his nightly show Red Hot and Blue. The phone lines light up asking the DJ to play the song again, launching Presley’s career.

1955: Peter Thomson of Australia wins the second of three consecutive British Open titles at St Andrews.

1957: Sinn Féin leaders are arrested in Ireland on the authority of premier Eamon de Valera.

1961: In an all-British final Angela Mortimer wins the Wimbledon Ladies singles title, beating Christine Truman 4–6, 6–4, 7–5.

1963: The US bans all monetary transactions with Cuba. On the same day, Margaret Smith wins her first of three Wimbledon Singles titles beating Billie Jean Moffitt 6-3, 6-4.

1965: Ronald Biggs, who was serving a 30-year sentence for his part in the Great Train Robbery escapes from Wandsworth prison.

1966: King Mwambutsa IV Bangiriceng of Burundi is deposed by his son Prince Charles Ndizi.

1967: Actress, Vivian Leigh dies of tuberculosis at 53.

1969: Marianne Faithfull is admitted to a Sydney Hospital after collapsing from a drug overdose on the set of Ned Kelly in Australia. She is subsequently sacked from the production which stars her boyfriend Mick Jagger.


1971: Two men are killed by the British army during rioting in Londonderry.

1975: Israeli premier Yitzhak Rabin visits West Germany.

1978: Joe Strummer and Paul Simenon of The Clash are arrested for being drunk and disorderly after a gig at Glasgow Apollo. On the same day, Sandro Pertini is elected President of Italy and the Pioneer-Venus 2 multi-probe is launched to Venus.

1979: Voyager 2 takes the first ever photo of Jupiter’s satellite Adrastea.

Singles chart:

  1. Are Friends Electric – Tubeway Army
  2. Silly Games – Janet Kay
  3. C’mon Everybody – The Sex Pistols
  4. Up The Junction – Squeeze
  5. Light My Fire – Amii Stewart
  6. Night Owl – Gerry Rafferty
  7. Babylon’s Burning – The Ruts
  8. Lady Lynda – The Beach Boys
  9. The Lone Ranger – Quantum Jump
  10. Ring My Bell – Anita Ward
1979: Tubeway Army – Replicas

Album chart:

  1. Discovery – ELO
  2. Replicas – Tubeway Army
  3. Live Killers – Queen
  4. Parallel Lines – Blondie
  5. Bridges – John Williams
  6. I Am – Earth Wind and Firecracker
  7. Breakfast In America – Supertramp
  8. Voulez Vous – ABBA
  9. Last The Whole Night Long – James Last
  10. Back To The Egg – Wings

1981: French Prime Minister Maurois nationalizes banks/plane/steel industry.

1989: Carlos Saul Menum becomes President of Argentina.

1990: West Germany beat Argentina 1-0 to win the World Cup in Rome. Pedro Monzón and Gustavo Dezotti of Argentina are sent off.

1992: On TV (Wednesday)


06.00Ceefax Pages

06.30Breakfast News

09.05Kilroy on the Costa
With a mixed audience of Spaniards who depend on tourism for their livelihood, local residents and British holidaymakers, Robert Kilroy-Silk discusses whether the British love affair with Spain is finally over.

09.50Holiday Outings

10.00News and Weather



10.35Showbiz People
Tim Grundy talks radio with Simon Bates and Tori Amos performs live.


11.05The Flying Doctors

11.50The Travel Show UK Mini Guides


12.05Summer Scene
Chef Gary Rhodes cooks another Pacific Rim dish. With Caron Keating and Linda Mitchell live from Ebbw Vale.

12.55Regional News and Weather

13.00One O’Clock News



14.20Over My Dead Body
Detective series starring Edward Woodward

15.05Antiques Roadshow

15.50Tom and Jerry

16.10Attack of the Killer Tomatoes

16.35Paper Route


17.10Clowning Around


18.00Six O’Clock News

18.30Regional news magazines

Episode two of a new soap.

19.30Fighting Back
Well-known people reveal how they coped with losing their health.

Lighthearted drama series about a roguish antiques dealer, starring Ian McShane

20.50Points of View

21.00Nine O’Clock News

Documentary series taking a comprehensive look at one of the world’s most powerful and mysterious organisations.

22.25International Dancing

23.00Film: Dreamscape (1984)
Fantasy science fiction adventure, starring Dennis Quaid and Kate Capshaw


06.45Open University

08.00Breakfast News


09.00Cricket: Third Test

09.40Film: Tarzan’s New York Adventure (1942)
Classic Tarzan adventure starring Johnny Weissmuller and Maureen O’Sullivan

10.50Film: BF’s Daughter (1948)
A millionaire’s daughter marries a socialist. Starring Barbara Stanwyck Charles Coburn


12.50A Week to Remember

13.00After Hours

13.20Henry’s Cat

13.25Fireman Sam

13.35Look Stranger

14.00News; Weather

14.05The Real Food of China

14.30Holiday Outings

14.35Country File

15.00News and Weather

15.05Westminster Live

15.50News and Weather

First day of the Bell’s Scottish Open from Gleneagles.

17.30Film: Elvis on Tour (1972)
Elvis Presley’s 1972 US concert tour also provides a rare, off-stage picture of the man behind the legend.

19.00DEF II Rough Guide to Careers Update


20.10States of Mind

21.00ScreenPlay: Force of Duty
Powerful, psychological drama written by Bill Morrison and Chris Ryder, and starring Donal McCann Adrian Dunbar and Patrick Malahide.

22.20Missing Finger
A film short written by Nick Stafford. A cooking accident ruins a romantic evening.


23.15Open Space
Many bisexuals encounter hostility not only from straight people but also gays and lesbians. This film from the London Bisexual Group features six people who speak openly about their bisexuality.




09.25Your Number Please

09.55Thames News

10.00Out Of This World


10.55ITN News Headlines

11.00Ox Tales

11.25Just For The Record

11.50Thames News

11.55Cartoon Time


12.30Lunchtime News and Weather

13.05Thames News

13.15Home And Away

13.45A Country Practice

14.15Graham Kerr

14.45Take The High Road

15.10ITN News Headlines

15.15Thames News Headlines

15.20The Young Doctors

15.50Cartoon Time

15.55Scooby Doo

16.15Hulk Hogan’s Rock n Roll Wrestling

16.40Fun House


17.40Early Evening News and Weather

17.55Thames Help

18.00Home And Away

18.30Thames News

19.00Take Your Pick
Game show hosted by Des o’Connor

19.30Coronation Street

20.00Hope It Rains
Comedy series

20.30Land Of Hope And Gloria

21.00Film: What’s Up Doc? (1972)
Peter Bogdanovich comedy farce starring Barbra Streisand and Ryan O’Neal

22.00News At Ten

22.30Thames News

22.40What’s Up Doc continued

23.30Film: The Sun Also Rises (1957)
Hemingway story about American expats aimlessly roaming Europe between the wars. Stars Tyrone Power, Errol Flynn and Ava Gardner.


06.00Channel 4 Daily

09.25Elly And Jools

09.55The Henderson Kids

10.25Film: A Cuckoo In The Nest (1933)
Romantic comedy about a newlywed forced to spend the night with his former fiancee at a small country inn.

12.00The Parliament Programme

12.30Noah’s Ark

13.00Sesame Street

14.00Learning To Be Ladies

14.25Racing From Newmarket


17.00The Oprah Winfrey Show

17.55Laurel And Hardy

18.00Kate And Allie

18.30Tour de France

19.00Channel 4 News

19.50Party Political Comment
by the Liberal Democrats


20.30Check Out ’92

21.00Out: A Storm In A Teacup
Lesbian and gay magazine show

22.00The Golden Girls
Dorothy becomes romantically involved with a priest


11.05Mojo Working
Profile of B B King

11.30Sticky Moments On Tour
Adult comedy quiz with Julian Clary


00.45Film: The Avenging Hand (1936)
Crime caper starring Noah Beery

1996: Three infants and four adults are attacked by a man with a machete at St Luke’s C of E School in Wolverhampton. Schizophrenic Horrett Irving Campbell is charged with attempted murder. Nursery nurse Lisa Potts is later awarded the George Medal for bravery.

1997: Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic are invited to join NATO.

1999: Allen Lee Davis is executed by the state of Florida in the last use of the electric chair for capital punishment in the state.

2000: Venus Williams wins her first Wimbledon Ladies singles title, beating fellow American Lindsay Davenport 6-3, 7-6.

2002: Speaking at a civil rights meeting in New York, Michael Jackson claims there is a ‘conspiracy’ among record companies, especially towards black artists. A spokesman for Jackson’s record label describes the remarks as “ludicrous, spiteful and hurtful”.

2004: Mark Purseglove, known as the world’s ‘biggest bootlegger’ is sentenced to 3 years 6 months in jail at Blackfriars Crown Court. He had built up a £15 million pirate CD empire by bootlegging live concerts of some of the world’s biggest stars.

2005: In the wake of the Live8 concerts, the G8 summit in Gleneagles ends with a deal to boost aid for developing countries by $50bn.

2006: Queen guitarist Brian May makes a “substantial” donation to save hedgehogs from slaughter in the Outer Hebrides.

2011: Space Shuttle Atlantis is launched in the final mission of the US Space Shuttle program.

2012: Tens of thousands protest over election corruption in Mexico City after Enrique Peña Nieto’s win in the country’s presidential election. On the same day, actor Ernest Borgnine dies aged 95.

2014: Germany beat Brazil 7-1 in the World Cup semi final. It is Brazil’s first home competitive defeat since 1975, the highest score in the World Cup semi final and the worst defeat ever suffered by a host nation in the World Cup.

2015: The New York Stock Exchange stops trading for nearly four hours due to a technical error.

2016: Italian designer Maria Grazia Chiuri is the first woman to be appointed artistic director at French fashion house Christian Dior.

2018: Brexit Secretary David Davis resigns in a stand against Prime Minister Theresa May’s softer Brexit policy.

2019: Congolese general and rebel leader Bosco Ntaganda convicted of war crimes and crimes against humanity by the International Criminal Court in the Hague. On the same day, US financier Jeffrey Epstein is indicted on further charges of sex trafficking of minors.

2021: A small Leonardo da Vinci sketch “Head of a Bear”, the size of a post-it. sells for £8.9 million at auction in London. On the same day, President Joe Boden says US troops will withdraw from Afghanistan by August 31, despite increased Taliban gains across the country.

Son Heung-Min

BIRTHDAYS: Polly James (Pauline Devaney), actress, 82; Jeffrey Tambor, actor, 79; Jaimoe (Jai) Johanson, Drummer (The Allman Brothers Band) 79; Kim Darby, actress, 75; Anjelica Huston, actress/director, 72; Russell Christian, singer (The Christians), 68; Kevin Bacon, actor, 65; Joan Osborne, singer-songwriter, 60; Billy Crudup, actor, 55; Michael Weatherly, actor, 55; Beck (Campbell), singer-songwriter, 53; Neil Mavers, drummer (The La’s) 52; Milo Ventimiglia, actor, 46; Robbie Keane, footballer, 43; Jamie Cook, guitarist, (Arctic Monkeys) 38; Alice Levine, broadcaster, 37; Virgil van Dijk, footballer, 32; Son Heung-min, footballer, 31; Jaden Smith, actor, 25.