It happened today – this day in history – July 8

975: Death of Edgar, King of England.

1497: Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama departs on his first voyage, becoming the first European to reach India by sea.

1538: Spanish conquistador of Chile and Peru, Diego de Almagro, is executed at Las Salinas.

1663: King Charles II grants a charter to Rhode Island.

1776: Colonel John Nixon gives the first public reading of the Declaration of Independence to an assemblage of citizens in Philadelphia.

1792: France declares war on Prussia.

1796: The US State Department issues the first US passport.

1822: Romantic poet Percy Bysshe Shelley drowns at 29 in a sudden storm on the Gulf of La Spezia while returning from Livorno to Lerici, Italy in his sailing boat.

1831: Birth of pharmacist John Pemberton, the inventor of Coca Cola.

1836: Charles Darwin reaches Saint Helena in HMS Beagle and takes up lodgings near the tomb of Napoleon.

1838: Birth of Ferdinand von Zeppelin, inventor of the rigid dirigible.

1882: Birth of composer Percy Grainger in Melbourne, Australia.

1889: John L Sullivan KOs Jake Kilrain in 75 rounds in the last bare-knuckle boxing bout. On the same day, the Wall Street Journal is first published.

1905: May Sutton becomes the first American player to win the Ladies singles title at Wimbledon, beating Dorothea Chambers 6-3, 6-4. On the same day, the crew of the Russian battleship “Potemkin” who mutinied, surrender to Romanian authorities.

1923: Warren G Harding becomes the first sitting US President to visit Alaska.

1933: Denny Shute wins his only British Open golf title at St Andrews.

1939: American Alice Marble wins her only Wimbledon Ladies singles title, beating Kay Stammers of England 6-2, 6-0.

1944: British troops march into Caen, Normandy.

1950: General Douglas MacArthur is named commander-in-chief of UN forces in Korea.

1954: Producer Sam Phillips took an acetate recording of Elvis Presley singing ‘That’s All Right’ to Memphis radio station WHBQ DJ Dewey Phillips. He played the song just after 9.30 that evening, the phone lines lit up asking the DJ to play the song again and a career was launched.

1955: Peter Thomson of Australia wins the second of three consecutive British Open titles at St Andrews.

1957: Sinn Féin leaders are arrested in Ireland on the authority of premier Eamon de Valera.

1961: In an all-British final Angela Mortimer wins the Wimbledon Ladies singles title, beating Christine Truman 4–6, 6–4, 7–5.

1963: The US bans all monetary transactions with Cuba. On the same day, Margaret Smith wins her first of three Wimbledon Singles titles beating Billie Jean Moffitt 6-3, 6-4.

1965: Ronald Biggs who was serving a 30-year prison sentence for his part in the Great Train Robbery of 1963, escapes with two other convicts from Wandsworth prison by scaling its 20ft wall.

1966: King Mwambutsa IV Bangiriceng of Burundi is deposed by his son Prince Charles Ndizi.

1967: Actress, Vivian Leigh dies of tuberculosis at 53.

1969: Marianne Faithfull collapsed on the set of ‘Ned Kelly’ after taking a drug overdose. She was admitted to a Sydney Hospital and dismissed from the film which starred her boyfriend Mick Jagger.

1971: Two men are killed by the British army during a riot in Londonderry, Northern Ireland.

1975: Israeli premier Yitzhak Rabin visits West Germany.

1978: Joe Strummer and Paul Simonon from The Clash were arrested for being drunk and disorderly after a gig at the Apollo in Glasgow. Both were fined. On the same day, Sandro Pertini is elected President of Italy and the Pioneer-Venus 2 multi-probe is launched to Venus.

1979: Voyager 2 takes the first ever photo of Jupiter’s satellite Adrastea.

1981: French Prime Minister Maurois nationalizes banks/plane/steel industry.

1989: Carlos Saul Menum becomes President of Argentina.

1990: An 85th minute penalty by Andreas Brehme gives West Germany a 1-0 win over Argentina to win the FIFA World Cup in Rome.

1994: A preliminary hearing rules there is enough evidence to try O.J. Simpson for the murder of his ex wife Nicole and her friend Ron Goldman. On the same day, Kim Il-Sung, founder and Supreme Leader of North-Korea dies aged 82.

1996: Three children and four adults are attacked by a man with a machete at an infants school in Wolverhampton.

1997: Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic are invited to join NATO.

1999: Allen Lee Davis is executed by the state of Florida in the last use of the electric chair for capital punishment in the state.

2000: Venus Williams wins her first Wimbledon Ladies singles title, beating fellow American Lindsay Davenport 6-3, 7-6.

2002: Speaking at a civil rights meeting in New York, Michael Jackson claimed there was a ‘conspiracy’ among record companies, especially towards black artists. A spokesman for Jackson’s record label said the remarks were ‘ludicrous, spiteful and hurtful.’

2004: Mark Purseglove, known as the world’s ‘biggest bootlegger’ was sentenced to 3 years 6 months jail at Blackfriars Crown Court. He had built up a £15 million pirate CD empire by bootlegging live concerts of some of the world’s biggest stars.

2006: Queen guitarist Brian May made a “substantial” donation to save hedgehogs from slaughter in the Outer Hebrides.

2011: Space Shuttle Atlantis is launched in the final mission of the US Space Shuttle program.

2012: Tens of thousands protest over election corruption in Mexico City after Enrique Peña Nieto’s win in the country’s presidential election. On the same day, actor Ernest Borgnine dies aged 95.

2015: The New York Stock Exchange stops trading for nearly four hours due to a technical error.

2016: Italian designer Maria Grazia Chiuri is the first woman to be appointed artistic director at French fashion house Christian Dior.

2018: Brexit Secretary David Davis resigns in a stand against Rime Minister Theresa May’s softer Brexit policy.

2019: Congolese general and rebel leader Bosco Ntaganda convicted of war crimes and crimes against humanity by the International Criminal Court in the Hague. On the same day, US financier Jeffrey Epstein is indicted on further charges of sex trafficking of minors.

BIRTHDAYS: Jeffrey Tambor, actor, 76; Jaimoe Johanson, drummer (The Allman Brothers Band) 76; Kim Darby, actress, 72; Anjelica Huston, actress, 69; Kevin Bacon, actor, 62; Andy Fletcher, synth player (Depeche Mode) 60; Joan Osborne, singer-songwriter, 57; Billy Crudup, actor, 52; Beck (Beck Campbell) singer-songwriter, 50; Neil Mavers, drummer(The La’s) 49; Milo Ventimiglia, actor, 43; Robbie Keane, former footballer, 40; Jamie Cook, guitarist (Arctic Monkeys) 35; Virgil van Dijk, footballer, 29; Son Heung-min, footballer, 28; Jaden Smith, actor, 22.

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Mick Ferris

Editor Email: [email protected]