It happened today – this day in history – July 9

1401: Turko-Mongol ruler Tamerlane destroys Baghdad, killing 20,000.

1540: Henry VIII annuls his six month marriage to his fourth wife Anne of Cleves on the grounds of non-consummation and her pre-contract to Francis of Lorraine.

1766: Lord Rockingham resigns as Prime Minister.

1790: In the Second Battle of Svensksund in the Baltic Sea, the Swedish Navy captures one third of the Russian fleet

1807: The Second Treaty of Tilsit is signed by France, Russia and Prussia.

1810: Napoleon Bonaparte annexes the Kingdom of Holland as part of the First French Empire.

1816: Argentina declares independence from Spain.

1850: US President Zachary Taylor dies in the White House aged 65.

1877: The first ever Wimbledon tennis championship begins – men’s singles only.

1893: Surgeon Daniel Hale Williams III repairs the torn pericardium of a knife wound patient without penicillin or a blood transfusion.

1916: Birth of prime minister Edward Heath in Broadstairs.

1917: British battleship HMS Vanguard explodes at Scapa Flow due to faulty cordite, killing 807.

1926: Chiang Kai-shek is appointed to national-revolutionary supreme commander in China.

1934: SS-Reichsfuehrer Heinrich Himmler takes command of German concentration camps.

1937: Henry Cotton wins his second British Open at Carnoustie.

1944: US troops secure Saipan as Japan falls.

1947: Buckingham Palace announces the engagement of Princess Elizabeth and Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten.

1954: Elvis Presley, Scotty Moore and Bill Black record Blue Moon of Kentucky – the B side of his first single – at Sam Phillips’ Sun Studio in Memphis

1955: The Russell-Einstein Manifesto is released by philosopher Bertrand Russell on the need to avoid nuclear war.

1957: The discovery of element 102 (Nobelium) is announced.

1958: Johnny Cash signs with Columbia Records, where he remains for the next 30 years.

1962: Bob Dylan records Blowin’ In the Wind at Columbia Recording Studios in New York. On the same day, Andy Warhol’s first west coast exhibition opens in the Ferus Gallery, Los Angeles.

1965: Otis Redding starts recording sessions at Stax Studios in Memphis, for what will become his third studio album Otis Blue.

1966: Jack Nicklaus wins the British Open at Muirfield.

1969: Working on the Abbey Road album, The Beatles begin another long and laborious session to record Paul’s song Maxwell’s Silver Hammer. John Lennon returns to the studio after a car crash in Scotland, and a bed is installed in the studio for a pregnant Yoko Ono. The song, which the other three band members hated, takes by far the longest to record of all the Beatles’ songs with run throughs going back to January’s Get Back/Let It Be sessions at Twickenham until the backing track was finally completed to Paul’s satisfaction.

1971: David Bowie begins recording sessions with producer Ken Scott at Trident Studios in London, for what will become The Rise And Fall Of Ziggy Stardust And The Spiders From Mars. On the same day, US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger visits China to negotiate a detente between the US and China.

1972: Wings play their very first show in the small French town of Chateauvillon. It is Paul McCartney’s first time on the road in six years. On the same day, a ceasefire between the Provisional IRA and the British Army ends in what becomes known as the Springhill Massacre as snipers shoot dead five Catholic civilians and wound two others in Springhill, Belfast.


Advertisement

1974: On TV (Tuesday)


THAMES

10.00Take Better Photographs

10.25Film: Poor Little Rich Girl (1936)
Starring Shirley Temple


11.30A Backward Glance

12.00The Daily Fable

12.05Rainbow

12.25Sing to the Animals

12.40First Report

13.00The Great Western Musical Thunderbox

13.30Emmerdale Farm

14.00Showjumping and Racing
The Great Yorkshire Show and racing from Newmarket


16.25Anything You Can Do

16.50Magpie

17.20Troop

17.50News

18.00Today

18.35Crossroads

19.00The Jimmy Tarbuck Show

19.30The Capone Investment

20.00The Benny Hill Show

21.00War of the Dogs

22.00News at Ten

22.30Armchair Theatre

23.30Bridget Loves Bernie


BBC ONE

10.55Cricket: Third Test
England v India final day from Edgbaston


13.30Joe

13.45News

13.50Dechrau Canu

14.15Cricket: Third Test

16.08Regional News

16.10Play School

16.35Jackanory

16.50Animal Magic

17.15The Lone Wolf

17.40Adventures of Parsley

17.45National News

18.00Nationwide

18.50Password

19.15The Virginian: Men from Shiloh
Starring Stewart Granger. Col MacKunzie enquires into the violent death of a friend, and finds himself falling under the spell of the girl who was the cause.


20.30Comedy Playhouse
The Reverent Wooing of Archibald
Adapted from the short story by P. G. Wodehouse starring William Mervyn.


21.00Nine O’Clock News

21.25The Japanese Way Documentary

22.15Film 74
Francis Ford Coppola talks about his films and his future. Elliott Gould and Donald Sutherland introduce their new film “S*P*Y*S” and Barry Norman reviews the new releases.


22.45Midweek

23.30Late Night News

23.37Weather


BBC TWO

11.00Play School

11.25Closedown

15.45Cricket: Third Test

18.00Closedown

19.30News summary and weather

19.32Masterclass
The second of three programmes in which Thomas Hemsley works with young professional classical singers


20.10The World of Robin Lehman

20.30The Lost Wilderness

21.00Total Eclipse
The passionate but destructive relationship of French poets, Verlaine and Rimbaud.


22.35The Old Grey Whistle Test
Part 1 featuring Elton John. Dobie Gray on film Stevie Wonder plus album tracks and film Introduced by Bob Harris


23.05News Extra

23.35The Old Grey Whistle Test
Part 2. Bob Harris winds up this series with Adam Faith, and, filmed during their 1965 tour of America, the Rolling Stones

1976: Uganda asks the UN to condemn the Israeli hostage rescue raid on Entebbe Airport. On the same day, Terry Neill becomes manager of Arsenal after Bertie Mee retires.

1977: Tom Watson wins the British Open at Turnberry. On the same day, Declan McManus quits his day job at Elizabeth Arden Cosmetics to become full time musician Elvis Costello.

1978: Singles chart:

  1. You’re The One That I Want – John Travolta and Olivia Newton John
  2. The Smurf Song – Father Abraham and the Smurfs
  3. Dancin’ In The City – Marshall Hain
  4. Annie’s Song – John Denver
  5. Airport – The Motors
  6. Like Clockwork – The Boomtown Rats
  7. No One Is Innocent/My Way – The Sex Pistols
  8. A Little Bit Of Soap – Showaddywaddy
  9. Man With The Child In His Eyes – Kate Bush
  10. Miss You – The Rolling Stones
1978: Thin Lizzy – Live and Dangerous

Album chart:

  1. Saturday Night Fever – Original Soundtrack
  2. Live And Dangerous – Thin Lizzy
  3. Street Legal – Bob Dylan
  4. Some Girls – The Rolling Stones
  5. The Kick Inside – Kate Bush
  6. The Albun – ABBA
  7. Octave – The Moody Blues
  8. Tonic For The Troops – The Boomtown Rats
  9. You Light Up My Life – Johnny Mathis
  10. War Of The Worlds – Jeff Wayne

1979: Voyager 2 flies past Jupiter. On the same day, a car bomb destroys a Renault owned by “Nazi hunters” Serge and Beate Klarsfeld at their home in France.

1980: Seven die in a stampede to see Pope John Paul II in Brazil.

1982: Unemployed father-of-four, Michael Fagan, breaks into Buckingham Palace and spends ten minutes talking to the Queen in her bedroom. On the same day, Ian Botham scores 208 in 225 balls for England v India at The Oval.

1984: A massive fire causes extensive damage to York Minster.

1987: In the US, Colonel Oliver North admits to shredding Iran-Contra evidence.

1989: Boy band New Edition’s production manager is charged with criminal homicide after allegedly shooting a support act’s security man after they ran over their stage time.

1990: New Zealand cricket legend Richard Hadlee takes 5-53 in the third Test v England at Edgbaston to end his test career with 431 wickets.

1991: The closure of the Bank of Credit and Commerce International loses local councils up to £90m in investments. On the same day, South Africa is readmitted to the Olympics.

2000: Police fire tear gas at fans during a World Cup qualifying soccer game between Zimbabwe and South Africa, setting off a stampede that kills 12 people in Harare.

2001: The Office, written and directed by Ricky Gervais and Stephen Merchant, premieres on BBC 2.

2002: Death of actor Rod Steiger, aged 77.

2004: David Bowie is forced to cancel a string of European shows after it transpires he had undergone emergency heart surgery weeks earlier.

2006: In his final international game, French star Zinedine Zidane is sent off in the World Cup final in Berlin for headbutting Italian defender Marco Materazzi. Italy eventually win on penalties.

2010: During a Santana concert at First Midwest Bank Amphitheatre in Tinley Park, Illinois, guitarist Carlos Santana proposes to girlfriend, Cindy Blackman who had just finished a drum solo during the band’s set.

2013: Singer Lauryn Hill begins a three-month prison sentence in Connecticut for tax evasion. On the same day, Junior Bradshaw who was involved in a plot to rob and murder soul singer Joss Stone is jailed for 18 years.

2015: AC/DC drummer Phil Rudd is sentenced in New Zealand to eight months house detention for drug possession and making threats to kill.

2017: Wayne Rooney announces he will leave Manchester United after 13 years to rejoin his first club, Everton. On the same day, Iraqi prime minister Haider al-Abadi proclaims victory over Islamic State forces in Mosul.

2018: Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson resigns over prime minister Theresa May’s softer stance on Brexit. He is succeeded by Jeremy Hunt. On the same day, former Foreign Secretary, Lord Carrington, dies aged 99.

2019: Northern Ireland MPs vote to extend same-sex marriage and make abortion legal to bring it in line with rest of UK. On the same day, actor Rip Torn dies aged 88.

2021: British cyclist Mark Cavendish wins the Nîmes to Carcassonne stage 13 of the Tour de France for a record equalling 34th career stage victory. On the same day, footballer Paul Mariner dies aged 68 from brain cancer.

BIRTHDAYS: David Hockney, artist, 85; Dean Koontz, author, 77; O J (Orenthal James) Simpson, American footballer/broadcaster/actor, 75; John Frieda, celebrity hairstylist, 71; Chris Cooper, actor, 71; Steve Coppell, footballer/manager, 67; Jimmy Smits, actor, 67; Tom Hanks, actor/film-maker, 66; Paul Merton, comedian, 65; Kelly McGillis, actress, 65; Tim Kring, screenwriter, 65; Jim Kerr, singer-songwriter (Simple Minds) 63; Marc Almond, singer -songwriter (Soft Cell) 63; Courtney Love, singer-songwriter/guitarist (Hole) 58; Gianluca Vialli, footballer/manager, 58; Paolo Di Canio, footballer, 54; Isaac Brock, singer/guitarist (Modest Mouse) 47; Jack White, (John Gillis), singer-songwriter/guitarist (The White Stripes/Raconteurs) 47; Fred Savage, child actor/director, 46; Ashley Young, footballer, 37.