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1401: Turko-Mongol ruler Tamerlane destroys Baghdad, killing 20,000.
1540: Henry VIII annuls his six month marriage to his fourth wife Anne of Cleves on the grounds of non-consummation and her pre-contract to Francis of Lorraine.
1766: Lord Rockingham resigns as Prime Minister.
1807: The Second Treaty of Tilsit is signed by France, Russia and Prussia.
1810: Napoleon annexes the Kingdom of Holland as part of the First French Empire.
1816: Argentina declares independence from Spain.
1850: US President Zachary Taylor dies in the White House aged 65.
1877: The first ever Wimbledon tennis championship begins – men’s singles only.
1893: Surgeon Daniel Hale Williams III repairs the torn pericardium of a knife wound patient without penicillin or a blood transfusion.
1916: Birth of prime minister Edward Heath in Broadstairs.
1917: British battleship HMS Vanguard explodes at Scapa Flow due to faulty cordite, killing 807.
1926: Chiang Kai-shek is appointed to national-revolutionary supreme commander in China.
1934: SS-Reichsfuehrer Heinrich Himmler takes command of German concentration camps.
1937: Henry Cotton wins his second British Open at Carnoustie.
1944: US troops secure Saipan as Japan falls.
1947: Buckingham Palace announces the engagement of Princess Elizabeth and Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten.
1957: The discovery of element 102 (Nobelium) is announced.
1958: Johnny Cash signs with Columbia Records, where he would remain for the next 30 years releasing over 60 albums.
1962: Bob Dylan recorded ‘Blowin’ In the Wind’ in an afternoon session at Columbia Recording Studios in New York. On the same day, Andy Warhol’s first West Coast exhibition opens in the Ferus Gallery, Los Angeles.
1966: Jack Nicklaus wins the British Open at Muirfield.
1971: Henry Kissinger visits the People’s Republic of China to negotiate a detente between the US and China.
1972: Wings played their very first show in the small French town of Chateauvillon. On the same day, a ceasefire between the Provisional IRA and the British Army comes to an end and in what becomes known as the Springhill Massacre, snipers shoot dead five Catholic civilians and wound two others in Springhill, Belfast.
1976: Uganda asks the UN to condemn the Israeli hostage rescue raid on Entebbe Airport.
1977: Tom Watson wins the british Open at Turnberry. On the same day, Declan McManus quits his day job at Elizabeth Arden Cosmetics to become full time musician Elvis Costello.
1979: Voyager 2 flies past Jupiter. On the same day, a car bomb destroys a Renault owned by “Nazi hunters” Serge and Beate Klarsfeld at their home in France.
1980: Seven die in a stampede to see Pope John Paul II in Brazil.
1982: Unemployed father of four, Michael Fagan, breaks into Buckingham Palace and spends ten minutes talking to The Queen in her bedroom. On the same day, Ian Botham scores 208 in 225 balls for England v India at The Oval.
1984: A fire devastates large parts of York Minster.
1986: New Zealand parliament passes the Homosexual Law Reform Bill legalising consensual sex between men aged 16 and older.
1987: In the US, Colonel Oliver North admits to shredding Iran-Contra evidence.
1989: New Edition’s production manager was charged with criminal homicide after allegedly shooting a support act’s security man after they ran over their stage time.
1990: New Zealand cricket legend Richard Hadlee takes 5-53 in the third Test v England at Edgbaston to end his test career with 431 wickets.
1991: South Africa is readmitted to the Olympics.
2000: Police fire tear gas at fans during a World Cup qualifying soccer game between Zimbabwe and South Africa, setting off a stampede that kills 12 people in Harare.
2001: The Office by Ricky Gervais and Stephen Merchant premieres on BBC 2.
2002: Death of actor Rod Steiger, aged 77.
2006: Italy beats France on penalties to win the FIFA World Cup in Germany.
2010: During a concert at First Midwest Bank Amphitheatre in Tinley Park, Illinois, Carlos Santana proposed to his girlfriend, Cindy Blackman, who had just finished a drum solo during the band’s set.
2011: Robert Plant joined three local musicians at a fundraising charity show in Monmouth Wales, where tickets cost £3. On the same day, South Sudan gains independence from Sudan.
2013: Singer Lauryn Hill began a three-month prison sentence in Connecticut for tax evasion. On the same day, Junior Bradshaw who was involved in a plot to rob and murder soul singer Joss Stone was jailed for 18 years.
2015: Phil Rudd, the drummer with AC/DC was sentenced in New Zealand to eight months house detention for drug possession and making threats to kill.
2017: Wayne Rooney announces he will leave Manchester United after 13 years to rejoin his first club, Everton. On the same day, Iraqi prime miniser Haider al-Abadi proclaims victory over Islamic State forces in Mosul.
2018: Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson resigns over prime minister Theresa May’s softer stance on Brexit. He is succeeded by Jeremy Hunt. On the same day, former Foreign Secretary, Lord Carrington, dies aged 99.
2019: Northern Ireland MPs vote to extend same-sex marriage and make abortion legal to bring it in line with rest of UK. ON the same day, actor Rip Torn dies aged 88.
BIRTHDAYS: David Hockney, artist, 83; Dean Koontz, novelist, 75; O.J Simpson, American footballer/actor, 73; Chris Cooper, actor, 69; Jimmy Smits, actor, 65; Steve Coppell, former footballer, 65; Tom Hanks, actor, 64; Kelly McGillis, actress, 63; Paul Merton, comedian, 63; Jim Kerr, singer (Simple Minds) 61; Marc Almond, singer, 61; Courtney Love, singer/guitarist (Hole) 56; Gianluca Vialli, football manager, 56; Frankie Bello, bassist (Anthrax) 55; Paulo Di Canio, former footballer, 52; Jack White, (John Gillis), guitarist/singer, 45; Fred Savage, actor, 44; Ashley Young, footballer, 35.