193: Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is assassinated.
1215: Beijing is captured by the Mongols under Genghis Khan.
1495: First written record of Scotch Whisky appears in Exchequer Rolls of Scotland.
1533: Anne Boleyn is crowned Queen of England.
1670: Charles II and French King Louis XIV sign a secret anti-Dutch treaty.
1676: Allied Danish-Dutch forces defeat the Swedish navy in the Baltic Sea at the Battle of Oland in the Scanian War.
1746: French troops conquer Antwerp.
1792: Kentucky is admitted as 15th US state.
1796: The last British troops withdraw from the US. On the same day, Tennessee is admitted as the 16th US state.
1815: Napoleon Bonaparte swears fidelity to the Constitution of France.
1861: First skirmish in the American Civil War at Fairfax Court House, Virginia.
1862: African Slave Trade Treaty Act: Bilateral treaty between the US and UK abolishing the slave trade in all US possessions.
1868: The Treaty of Bosque Redondo is signed, allowing the Navajos to return to their lands in Arizona and New Mexico.
1869: Thomas Edison is granted his first patent for the Electric Vote Recorder.
1881: Fred Archer wins the Epsom Derby on Iroquois.
1900: The British army occupies Pretoria, South Africa.
1922: The Royal Ulster Constabulary is founded.
1930: Helen Wills Moody wins her third straight French tennis title, beating fellow American Helen Jacobs 6-2, 6-1.
1933: Charlie Chaplin marries Paulette Goddard.
1935: The driving test and license plates are introduced in England.
1943: Germany shoots down a civilian flight from Lisbon to London. No one survives.
1958: France’s General Charles de Gaulle is invited back to form a new government as the crisis in Algeria threatens to bring civil war to France itself.
Album chart: (Only top 5 published until 1959)
- My Fair Lady – Original Broadway Cast
- South Pacific – Original Soundtrack
- Pal Joey – Original Soundtrack
- The Duke Wore Jeans – Original Soundtrack
- The King And I – Original Soundtrack
1959: The first edition of Juke Box Jury aired on the BBC with host, David Jacobs, leading a revolving panel of guests in critiquing the week’s top record releases.
1962: Nazi Adolf Eichmann is is executed in Israel after being found guilty of war crimes.
1966: Working at EMI Studios in Abbey Road, The Beatles added overdubs to the song ellow Submarine’, with John Lennon blowing bubbles in a bucket of water and shouting “Full speed ahead Mister Captain!” Roadie Mal Evans played on a bass drum strapped to his chest, marching around the studio with the band following behind (conga-line style) singing “We all live in a yellow submarine.”
1967: The official release date for The Beatles album Sgt Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band, although it had already been available in some UK shops for days.
- Silence Is Golden – The Tremeloes
- Waterloo Sunset – The Kinks
- Dedicated To The One I Love – The Mamas and the Papas
- A Whiter Shade Of Pale – Procol Harum
- Then I Kissed Her – The Beach Boys
- The Wind Cries Mary – The Jimi Hendrix Experience
- There Goes My Everything – Engelbert Humperdinck
- The Happening – The Supremes
- Pictures Of Lily – The Who
- Seven Drunken Nights – The Dubliners
1970: Prime Minister, Harold Wilson, is hit in the face with an egg thrown by a Young conservative demonstrator outside Wealdstone Labour Hall in north London.
1972: West German police arrest Red Army Faction leader Andreas Baader.
1973: Former Soft Machine drummer Robert Wyatt breaks his spine attempting to leave a party by climbing down a drainpipe and falling three stories. He is confined to a wheelchair.
1975: Ronnie Wood replaces Mick Taylor in The Rolling Stones on his 28th birthday.
1976: Britain and Iceland end the “cod war”.
1978: David Gower makes his Test debut against Pakistan in Birmingham.
1979: Rhodesia formally ends nearly 90 years of white minority rule and declares it will now be known as Zimbabwe.
1985: More than 300 people are arrested as police intercept a convoy of hippies going to Stonehenge.
1991: Former singer with The Temptations, David Ruffin dies of a drug overdose.
1993: Serb forces shell a football match in Bosnia killing 11 people, including four children.
1999: Death of Christopher Cockerell, inventor of the hovercraft, aged 88.
2001: The Nepalese royal family is massacred by heir to the throne Crown Prince Dipendra, who goes on the rampage with a gun before turning it on himself.
2008: Death of fashion designer Yves Saint Laurent aged 71.
2009: Death of racehorse trainer Vincent O’Brien aged 92.
2017: President Donald Trump announces the US is withdrawing from the Paris Climate Agreement.
2019: Liverpool beats Tottenham, 2-0 to win the Champions League in Madrid.
BIRTHDAYS: Pat Boone, singer, 87; Morgan Freeman, actor, 84; Brian Cox, actor, 75; Glyn Pardoe, footballer, 75; Ronnie Wood, guitarist, (Rolling Stones) 74; Jonathan Pryce, actor, 74; Tom Robinson, singer-songwriter/broadcaster, 71; Gemma Craven, actor, 71; Alan Wilder, keyboards (Depeche Mode) 62; Martin Brundle, motor racing commentator, 62; Simon Gallup, bassist (The Cure) 61; Mike Joyce, drummer (The Smiths) 58; Roger Sanchez, DJ, 54; Jason Donovan, actor/singer, 53; Damon Minchella, bassist (Ocean Colour Scene) 52; Karen Mulder, model,, 51; Heidi Klum, model/TV presenter, 48; Alanis Morissette, singer-songwriter, 47; Brandi Carlile, singer-songwriter, 40; Amy Schumer, comedian/actress, 40; Nikki Glaser, comedian, 37; Javier Hernandes, footballer, 33; Heloise Letissier (Christine and the Queens), singer/songwriter, 33; Tom Holland, actor, 25.