It happened today – this day in history – June 1

193: Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is assassinated.

1215: Beijing is captured by the Mongols under Genghis Khan.

1495: First written record of Scotch Whisky appears in Exchequer Rolls of Scotland.

1533: Anne Boleyn is crowned Queen of England.

1670: Charles II and French King Louis XIV sign a secret anti-Dutch treaty.

1676: Allied Danish-Dutch forces defeat the Swedish navy in the Baltic Sea at the Battle of Oland in the Scanian War.

1746: French troops conquer Antwerp.

1792: Kentucky is admitted as 15th US state.

1796: The last British troops withdraw from the US. On the same day, Tennessee is admitted as the 16th US state.

1815: Napoleon Bonaparte swears fidelity to the Constitution of France.

1861: First skirmish in the American Civil War at Fairfax Court House, Virginia.

1862: African Slave Trade Treaty Act: Bilateral treaty between the US and UK abolishing the slave trade in all US possessions.

1868: The Treaty of Bosque Redondo is signed, allowing the Navajos to return to their lands in Arizona and New Mexico.

1869: Thomas Edison is granted his first patent for the Electric Vote Recorder.

1881: Fred Archer wins the Epsom Derby on Iroquois.

1900: The British army occupies Pretoria, South Africa.

1922: The Royal Ulster Constabulary is founded.

1930: Helen Wills Moody wins her third straight French tennis title, beating fellow American Helen Jacobs 6-2, 6-1.

1933: Charlie Chaplin marries Paulette Goddard.

1935: The driving test and license plates are introduced in England.

1943: Germany shoots down a civilian flight from Lisbon to London. No one survives.

1958: My Fair Lady

1958: France’s General Charles de Gaulle is invited back to form a new government as the crisis in Algeria threatens to bring civil war to France itself.

Album chart: (Only top 5 published until 1959)


  1. My Fair Lady – Original Broadway Cast
  2. South Pacific – Original Soundtrack
  3. Pal Joey – Original Soundtrack
  4. The Duke Wore Jeans – Original Soundtrack
  5. The King And I – Original Soundtrack

1959: The first edition of Juke Box Jury aired on the BBC with host, David Jacobs, leading a revolving panel of guests in critiquing the week’s top record releases.

1962: Nazi Adolf Eichmann is is executed in Israel after being found guilty of war crimes.

1966: Working at EMI Studios in Abbey Road, The Beatles added overdubs to the song ellow Submarine’, with John Lennon blowing bubbles in a bucket of water and shouting “Full speed ahead Mister Captain!” Roadie Mal Evans played on a bass drum strapped to his chest, marching around the studio with the band following behind (conga-line style) singing “We all live in a yellow submarine.”

1967: The official release date for The Beatles album Sgt Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band, although it had already been available in some UK shops for days.

Singles chart:

  1. Silence Is Golden – The Tremeloes
  2. Waterloo Sunset – The Kinks
  3. Dedicated To The One I Love – The Mamas and the Papas
  4. A Whiter Shade Of Pale – Procol Harum
  5. Then I Kissed Her – The Beach Boys
  6. The Wind Cries Mary – The Jimi Hendrix Experience
  7. There Goes My Everything – Engelbert Humperdinck
  8. The Happening – The Supremes
  9. Pictures Of Lily – The Who
  10. Seven Drunken Nights – The Dubliners

1970: Prime Minister, Harold Wilson, is hit in the face with an egg thrown by a Young conservative demonstrator outside Wealdstone Labour Hall in north London.

1972: West German police arrest Red Army Faction leader Andreas Baader.

1973: Former Soft Machine drummer Robert Wyatt breaks his spine attempting to leave a party by climbing down a drainpipe and falling three stories. He is confined to a wheelchair.

1975: Ronnie Wood replaces Mick Taylor in The Rolling Stones on his 28th birthday.

1976: Britain and Iceland end the “cod war”.

1978: David Gower makes his Test debut against Pakistan in Birmingham.

1979: Rhodesia formally ends nearly 90 years of white minority rule and declares it will now be known as Zimbabwe.

1985: More than 300 people are arrested as police intercept a convoy of hippies going to Stonehenge.

1991: Former singer with The Temptations, David Ruffin dies of a drug overdose.

1993: Serb forces shell a football match in Bosnia killing 11 people, including four children.

1999: Death of Christopher Cockerell, inventor of the hovercraft, aged 88.

2001: The Nepalese royal family is massacred by heir to the throne Crown Prince Dipendra, who goes on the rampage with a gun before turning it on himself.

2008: Death of fashion designer Yves Saint Laurent aged 71.

2009: Death of racehorse trainer Vincent O’Brien aged 92.

2017: President Donald Trump announces the US is withdrawing from the Paris Climate Agreement.

2019: Liverpool beats Tottenham, 2-0 to win the Champions League in Madrid.

BIRTHDAYS: Pat Boone, singer, 87; Morgan Freeman, actor, 84; Brian Cox, actor, 75; Glyn Pardoe, footballer, 75; Ronnie Wood, guitarist, (Rolling Stones) 74; Jonathan Pryce, actor, 74; Tom Robinson, singer-songwriter/broadcaster, 71; Gemma Craven, actor, 71; Alan Wilder, keyboards (Depeche Mode) 62; Martin Brundle, motor racing commentator, 62; Simon Gallup, bassist (The Cure) 61; Mike Joyce, drummer (The Smiths) 58; Roger Sanchez, DJ, 54; Jason Donovan, actor/singer, 53; Damon Minchella, bassist (Ocean Colour Scene) 52; Karen Mulder, model,, 51; Heidi Klum, model/TV presenter, 48; Alanis Morissette, singer-songwriter, 47; Brandi Carlile, singer-songwriter, 40; Amy Schumer, comedian/actress, 40; Nikki Glaser, comedian, 37; Javier Hernandes, footballer, 33; Heloise Letissier (Christine and the Queens), singer/songwriter, 33; Tom Holland, actor, 25.