It happened today – this day in history – June 1

193: Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is assassinated.

1215: Beijing is captured by the Mongols under Genghis Khan.

1495: First written record of Scotch Whisky appears in Exchequer Rolls of Scotland.

1533: Anne Boleyn is crowned Queen of England.

1670: Charles II and French King Louis XIV sign a secret anti-Dutch treaty.

1676: Allied Danish-Dutch forces defeat the Swedish navy in the Baltic Sea at the Battle of Oland in the Scanian War.

1746: French troops conquer Antwerp.

1792: Kentucky is admitted as 15th US state.

1796: The last British troops withdraw from the US. On the same day, Tennessee is admitted as the 16th US state.

1815: Napoleon Bonaparte swears fidelity to the Constitution of France.

1861: First skirmish in the American Civil War at Fairfax Court House, Virginia.

1862: African Slave Trade Treaty Act: Bilateral treaty between the US and UK abolishing the slave trade in all US possessions.

1868: The Treaty of Bosque Redondo is signed, allowing the Navajos to return to their lands in Arizona and New Mexico.

1869: Thomas Edison is granted his first patent for the Electric Vote Recorder.

1881: Fred Archer wins the Epsom Derby on Iroquois.

1900: The British army occupies Pretoria, South Africa.

1922: The Royal Ulster Constabulary is founded.

1930: Helen Wills Moody wins her third straight French tennis title, beating fellow American Helen Jacobs 6-2, 6-1.

1933: Charlie Chaplin marries Paulette Goddard.

1935: The driving test and license plates are introduced in England.

1943: Germany shoots down a civilian flight from Lisbon to London. No one survives.

1958: France’s General Charles de Gaulle is invited back to form a new government as the crisis in Algeria threatens to bring civil war to France itself.

1959: The first edition of Juke Box Jury aired on the BBC with host, David Jacobs, leading a revolving panel of guests in critiquing the week’s top record releases. Within three years it had a weekly audience of 12 million.


1962: Nazi Adolf Eichmann is is executed in Israel after being found guilty of war crimes.

1964: Working at Abbey Road, The Beatles record I’ll Cry Instead and I’ll Be Back for the album A Hard Day’s Night plus Matchbox and Slow Down for the Long Tall Sally EP.

1966: Working at EMI Studios in Abbey Road, The Beatles added overdubs to the song Yellow Submarine, with John Lennon blowing bubbles in a bucket of water and shouting “Full speed ahead Mister Captain!” Roadie Mal Evans played on a bass drum strapped to his chest, marching around the studio with the band following behind (conga-line style) singing “We all live in a yellow submarine.”

1967: The official release date for The Beatles album Sgt Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band, although it had already been available in some UK shops for days.

1970: Prime Minister, Harold Wilson, is hit in the face with an egg thrown by a Young Conservative demonstrator outside Wealdstone Labour Hall in north London. Wilson respomnded: “If the Tories win the next election no one will be able to afford an egg.”

1972: West German police arrest Red Army Faction leader Andreas Baader.

1973: Former Soft Machine drummer Robert Wyatt breaks his spine attempting to leave a party by climbing down a drainpipe and falling three stories. He is confined to a wheelchair.

1975: Ronnie Wood replaces Mick Taylor in The Rolling Stones on his 28th birthday.

1976: Britain and Iceland end the “cod war”.

1978: David Gower makes his Test debut against Pakistan in Birmingham.

1979: Rhodesia formally ends nearly 90 years of white minority rule and declares it will now be known as Zimbabwe.

1980: Singles chart:

  1. Theme From M*A*S*H – Johnny Mandell
  2. No Doubt About It – Hot Chocolate
  3. Funky Town – Lipps Inc
  4. Crying – Don McLean
  5. Rat Race – The Specials
  6. Over You – Roxy Music
  7. We Are Glass – Gary Numan
  8. She’s Out Of My Life – Michael Jackson
  9. Let’s Get Serious – Jermaine Jackson
  10. What”s Another Year – Johnny Logan
1980: Paul McCartney – McCartney II

Album chart:

  1. McCartney II – Paul McCartney
  2. Flesh And Blood – Roxy Music
  3. Peter Gabriel (3) – Peter Gabriel
  4. Just Can’t Stop It – The Beat
  5. Me Myself I – Joan Armatrading
  6. Sky 2 – Sky
  7. The Magic Of – Boney M
  8. Off The Wall – Michael Jackson
  9. Ready And Willing – Whitesnake
  10. Champagne And Roses – Various Artists

1985: More than 300 people are arrested as police intercept a convoy of hippies going to Stonehenge.

1991: Former singer with The Temptations, David Ruffin dies of a drug overdose.

1993: Serb forces shell a football match in Bosnia killing 11 people, including four children.

1999: Death of Christopher Cockerell, inventor of the hovercraft, aged 88.

2001: The Nepalese royal family is massacred by heir to the throne Crown Prince Dipendra, who goes on the rampage with a gun before turning it on himself.

2008: Death of fashion designer Yves Saint Laurent aged 71.

2009: Death of racehorse trainer Vincent O’Brien aged 92.

2017: President Donald Trump announces the US is withdrawing from the Paris Climate Agreement.

2019: Liverpool beat Tottenham, 2-0 to win the Champions League in Madrid.

BIRTHDAYS: Pat Boone, singer, 88; Morgan Freeman, actor, 85; Brian Cox, actor, 76; Glyn Pardoe, footballer, 76; Ronnie Wood, guitarist, (Rolling Stones) 75; Jonathan Pryce, actor, 75; Tom Robinson, singer-songwriter/broadcaster, 72; Gemma Craven, actor, 72; Alan Wilder, keyboards (Depeche Mode) 63; Martin Brundle, motor racing commentator, 63; Simon Gallup, bassist (The Cure) 62; Mike Joyce, drummer (The Smiths) 59; Roger Sanchez, DJ, 55; Jason Donovan, actor/singer, 54; Damon Minchella, bassist (Ocean Colour Scene) 53; Karen Mulder, actress/model,, 52; Heidi Klum, model/TV presenter, 49; Alanis Morissette, singer-songwriter, 48; Brandi Carlile, singer-songwriter, 41; Amy Schumer, comedian/actress, 41; Nikki Glaser, comedian, 38; Javier Hernandes, footballer, 34; Heloise Letissier (Christine and the Queens), singer/songwriter, 34; Tom Holland, actor, 26.