It happened today – this day in history – June 12

1381: Rebels arrive at Blackheath during the peasants’ revolt

1458: Magdalen College, Oxford is founded by William Waynflete, Bishop of Winchester.

1665: New Amsterdam legally becomes an English colony and is renamed New York after the Duke of York.

1673: Charles II’s brother, James, Duke of York resigns as Lord High Admiral.

1683: The Rye House plat against Charles II is uncovered.

1867: Austro-Hungarian Empire forms.

1897: Possibly the most severe earthquake in history strikes Assam, India, Shockwaves are felt over an area the size of Europe. On the same day, revolutionary forces under General Emilio Aguinaldo proclaim the sovereignty and independence of the Philippine Islands from the colonial rule of Spain.

1900: The Reichstag passes the second Navy Bill, which calls for doubling the German Navy within 20 years.

1919: Walter Hagen defeats Mike Brady by 1 stroke in an 18-hole play-off to win his second and final US Open golf tournament.

1923: Harry Houdini frees himself from a straight jacket while suspended 40ft upside down in New York.

1926: Brazil leaves the League of Nations.

1930: German boxer Max Schmeling beats Jack Sharkey by disqualification in Round 4, the first time a world heavyweight title is won on a foul.

1931: Al Capone is indicted on 5,000 counts of prohibition and perjury.

1937: After a one-day show trial, eight Soviet generals are sentenced to death and executed by the NKVD.

1942: Dutch girl Anne Frank gets a diary as a 13th birthday present.

1944: The first V-1 rocket assault on London.

1948: Ben Hogan dominates the final two rounds to win the US Open Men’s Golf tournament.

1952: USSR declares peace treaty with Japan invalid.

1954: Bill Haley and his Comets release Rock Around The Clock.

1957: Death of bandleader Jimmy Dorsey aged 53.

1964: The leader of the anti-apartheid struggle in South Africa, Nelson Mandela, is given a life sentence for sabotage.

1965: The Beatles are awarded MBEs in the Queen’s birthday honours list prompting MP Hector Dupuis to say: “British Royalty has put me on the same level as a bunch of vulgar numbskulls”.

1967: The US Supreme Court unanimously ends laws against interracial marriage.

1972: A barefooted Ronnie Spector leaves husband Phil’s Beverly Hills mansion for the last time, leaving behind her adopted sons.

1973: Six Protestant civilians are killed and 33 wounded by a Provisional IRA car bomb in Coleraine.


1975: Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi is barred from holding office for six years after she found guilty of electoral corruption.

1976: The Who, The Sensational Alex Harvey Band, Little Feat, Outlaws and Streetwalkers appear at Swansea City football ground.

1978: Serial killer David Berkowitz (“Son of Sam”) is sentenced by the New York Supreme Court to 25 years to life.

1981: Larry Holmes TKO’s Leon Spinks in Round 3 for the WBC heavyweight boxing title.

1982: Bruce Springsteen, James Taylor, Jackson Browne, Linda Ronstadt and Gary ‘US’ Bonds all appear at a rally for nuclear disarmament in Central Park, New York to over 450,000 fans.

1983: Death of actress Norma Shearer aged 82

1986: Derek Hatton, controversial deputy leader of Liverpool City Council, is expelled from the Labour Party for belonging to the left wing Militant faction.

1987: Central African Republic ex-emperor Jean-Bedel Bokassa is sentenced to death.

1989: Canadian sprinter Ben Johnson admits to using steroids.

1991: Boris Yelstin is elected President of the Russian Federation.

1994: Nicole Brown Simpson, ex-wife of American football star and actor O.J. Simpson is stabbed to death along with friend Ron Goldman at her home in the Brentwood area of LA. On the same day, jazz legend Cab Calloway suffers a massive stroke at his home in White Plaines, New York.

Singles chart:

  1. Love Is All Around – Wet Wet Wet
  2. Baby I Love Your Way – Big Mountain
  3. You Don;t Love Me (No No No) – Dawn Penn
  4. No Good (Start The Dance) – The Prodigy
  5. Get-A-Way – Maxx
  6. Absolutely Fabulous – Absolutely Fabulous
  7. Don’t Turn Around – Ace of Base
  8. Swamp Thing – The Grid
  9. Anytime You Need A Friend – Mariah Carey
  10. Come On You Reds – Manchester United Football Squad
1994: Pink Floyd – The Division Bell

Album chart:

  1. Real Things – 2 Unlimited
  2. Everybody Else Is Doing It So Why Can’t We? – The Cranberries
  3. Our Town: Greatest Hits – Deacon Blue
  4. Seal II – Seal
  5. Always And Forever – Eternal
  6. The Last Temptation – Alice Cooper
  7. The Division Bell – Pink Floyd
  8. Music Box – Mariah Carey
  9. Around The Next Dream – BBM
  10. Purple – Stone Temple Pilots

1997: The Globe theatre opens in London – a replica of Shakespeare’s original Globe theatre (1599-1642) with a performance of Henry V, after a campaign by actor Sam Wanamaker.

1999: A NATO-led United Nations peacekeeping force KFor enters the province of Kosovo in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

2003: Film star Gregory Peck dies of pneumonia aged 87.

2012: An Australian coroner’s report rules that a dingo was responsible for the death of baby Azaria Chamberlain in 1980. The case had received worldwide coverage at the time with parents Lindy and Michael Chamberlain wrongly convicted of murder.

2013: Mumford & Sons bassist Ted Dwane is rushed into hospital with a blood clot on his brain.

2015: Al-Qaeda’s second-in-command Nasser al-Wuhayshi (Osama Bin Laden’s former private secretary) is killed in a US air strike in Yemen.

2016: A gunman claiming allegiance to Islamic State opens fire at gay nightclub in Orlando, Florida, killing 49 and injuring 53 – the worst mass shooting in the US. On the same day, the show “Hamilton” wins 11 Tony awards.

2018: A summit begins in Singapore between US President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong-un.

2019: Radiohead scupper a blackmail attempt by releasing 18 hours of music recorded during the making of their classic album OK Computer. Tapes from the sessions had been stolen by hackers who demanded $150,000 for their return. Instead, the band released the tapes in full. On the same day, violent protests break out in Hong Kong as tens of thousands of protesters block and try to storm government buildings to stop extradition law.

2020: African American Rayshard Brooks is shot dead in a drive-through car park in Atlanta leading to further protests at police violence and the resignation of the city’s police chief.

2021: Danish footballer Christian Eriksen suffers a cardiac arrest on the field during the Euro 2020 game with Finland in Copenhagen.

BIRTHDAYS: Roy Harper, singer-songwriter, 81; Bun E Carlos (Brad Carlson), drummer, (Cheap Trick) 71; Richard Ayoade, actor/director, 46; Robyn (Carlsson), singer, 43; Dave Franco, actor, 37; Philippe Coutinho (Correia), footballer, 30.