1525: Martin Luther marries Katharina von Bora, against the celibacy rule decreed by the Roman Catholic Church for priests and nuns.
1625: Charles I marries French princess Henrietta Maria at Canterbury cathedral.
1665: English fleet beats the Dutch at the Battle of Lowestoft.
1707: Hungary declares itself independent under Ferenc Rákóczi II.
1792: Louis XVI dismisses the French government.
1865: Birth of Irish poet W B Yeats.
1893: Birth of novelist Dorothy L. Sayers in Oxford.
1896 : Harry Vardon wins the first of six British Open golf titles.
1908: Tommy Burns KOs Bill Squires in Round 8 for the heavyweight boxing title.
1917: The deadliest German air raid on London during World War I is carried out by Gotha G bombers and results in 162 deaths including 46 children.
1920: The US Post Office says children cannot not be sent by parcel post (after various instances).
1924: Gaston Doumergue is elected as the first protestant French president.
1933: The German Gestapo is established by Hermann Goering.
1935: James J Braddock beats Max Baer in 15 rounds for the heavyweight boxing title.
1946: King Umberto II of Italy abdicates.
1951: UN armed forces reach Pyongyang, Korea.
1953: Ben Hogan wins his fourth US Open golf title.
1955: A Mercedes racing car crashes at Le Mans, killing 77 people.
1956: The last British troops leave the Suez Canal Zone in Egypt. On the same day, Real Madrid beat Stade de Reims, 4-3 to win the inaugural European Cup in Paris.
1964: Session drummer Jimmy Nicol’s last day as a temporary Beatle. Ringo Starr rejoined the band in Australia the following day after having his tonsils removed.
1969: The Rolling Stones held a photo call in Hyde Park to introduce new guitarist Mick Taylor.
1971: In defiance of a government ban, members of the Orange Order march through the mainly Catholic town of Dungiven, in Northern Ireland causing a riot.
1972: Clyde McPhatter, original lead vocalist with The Drifters, died of a heart attack in New York.
1976: Sue Barker claims her lone major tennis singles title, beating Renáta Tomanová of Czechoslovakia 6-2, 0-6, 6-2 to win the French Open.
1977: Martin Luther King assassin James Earl Ray is recaptured after escaping from prison.
1980: The UN Security Council calls for South Africa to free Nelson Mandela.
1981: Teenager Marcus Sarjeant fires six blank rounds at The Queen during the Trooping the Colour ceremony.
1982: Fahd bin Abdulaziz Al Saud becomes King of Saudi Arabia after the death of his half brother King Khalid aged 69.
1983: NASA’s Pioneer 10 becomes the first man-made object to leave the solar system.
1986: Death of legendary bandleader Benny Goodman aged 77.
1991: A spectator is killed by lightning at the US Open Golf tournament.
1994: A jury in Anchorage, Alaska, blames recklessness by Exxon and Captain Joseph Hazelwood for the Exxon Valdez disaster, allowing victims of the oil spill to seek $15 billion in damages.
1997: Jurors in the Oklahoma City bombing trial sentence Timothy McVeigh to death.
1998: Creator of Andy Capp, cartoonist Reg Smythe, dies aged 80.
2000: Italy pardons Mehmet Ali Agca, the Turkish gunman who tried to assassinate Pope John Paul II in 1981. On the same day, South Korean President Kim Dae Jung meets leader of North Korea Kim Jong-il for the beginning of the first ever inter-Korea summit, in the northern capital of Pyongyang.
2003: Sting was awarded a CBE, Gerry Marsden an MBE and David Gilmour a CBE in the Queen’s Birthday Honours List.
2005: Michael Jackson was cleared of all charges of child abuse by a jury of eight women and four men at the end of a 16-week hearing in Santa Maria, California.
2006: Former Irish Taoiseach, Charles Haughey, dies aged 80.
2008: A Chicago jury acquitted R. Kelly of all 14 charges of child pornography against him.
2015: Rapper MC Supreme was killed in Malibu, California when a pickup truck hit his parked car on the shoulder of the Pacific Coast Highway.
2017: Actress and model Anita Pallenberg, best known for her relationships with Brian Jones then Keith Richards died at the age of 73. On the same day, US Attorney General Jeff Sessions testifies before Senate Intelligence Committee and denies secretly meeting with representatives of the Russian government.
2018: Volkswagen is fined €1billion by German prosecutors over the diesel emissions scandal. On the same day, legendary Elvis Presley drummer D.J. Fontana died peacefully at his home age 87 and the Spanish Football Association sacks coach Julen Lopetegui just 2 days out from the opening of the World Cup after he agreed to manage Real Madrid .
2019: Deposed president of Sudan, Omar al-Bashir, is charged with corruption.
BIRTHDAYS: Malcolm McDowell, actor, 77; Ban Ki-moon, former secretary-general of the United Nations, 76; Whitley Strieber, author, 75; Dennis Locorriere, singer-guitarist (Dr Hook) 71; Stellan Skarsgård, actor, 69; Tim Allen, actor/comedian 67; Alan Hansen, former footballer, 65; Kathy Burke, actress/director, 56; David Gray, singer/songwriter, 52; Rivers Cuomo, singer-guitarist/songwriter (Weezer) 50; Steve-O (Glover), TV personality, 46; Kym Marsh, actress, 43; Darius Vassell, former footballer, 40; Chris Evans, actor, 39; Kat Dennings, actress, 34; Ashley and Mary-Kate Olsen, fashion designers/actresses, 34; Aaron Johnson, actor, 30.