It happened today – this day in history – June 14

1381: Richard II meets leaders of the Peasants’ Revolt on Blackheath.

1645: The Tower of London is stormed The “New Model Army” under Oliver Cromwell and Thomas Fairfax beat royalists forces of Charles I at the Battle of Naseby.

1658: English and French forces defeat the Spanish near Dunkirk during the Franco-Spanish War.

1775: The US Army first forms as the Continental Army to fight the American Revolutionary War.

1777: The US Continental Congress adopts the Stars & Stripes flag.

1789: Captain William Bligh and his loyal men cast off from HMS Bounty reach Timor after sailing 5,800 km in a six-metre launch.

1811: Birth of American author Harriet Beacher Stowe in Connecticut.

1822: Charles Babbage proposes a “difference engine” in a paper to the Royal Astronomical Society entitled “Note on the application of machinery to the computation of astronomical and mathematical tables”.

1847: Chemist Robert Bunsen invents the Bunsen burner.

1900: The Reichstag approves a second law that allows the expansion of the German navy.

1904: Dutch troops occupy Kuto Reh, Sumatra, killing all the inhabitants.

1907: Norway adopts female suffrage for middle class women only in parliamentary elections.

1917: Over 100 people die in East London during the first German air attack on England.

1928: Birth of Marxist revolutionary Ernesto “Che” Guevara in Argentina. On the same day, suffragette leader Emmeline Pankhurst dies aged 69.

1934: Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini meet in Vienna. On the same day, Max Baer KO’s defending champion Primo Carnera of Italy in the 11th round at Madison Square Garden for the lineal world heavyweight title.

1935: End of the Chaco War between Bolivia and Paraguay.

1936: Death of writer G. K. Chesterton aged 62.

1940: German troops march into Paris. On the same day, Auschwitz concentration camp opens in Nazi controlled Poland.

1941: Estonia loses 11,000 inhabitants as a consequence of mass deportations to Siberia.

1942: Anne Frank begins her diary. On the same day, the French government of Paul Reynaud resigns.

1946: Inventor of the television, John Logie Baird, dies from a stroke aged 57.

1949: The French-allied State of Vietnam is officially formed.

1952: Jim Peters runs a world record marathon (2:20:42.2).

1953: Military coup by General Gustavo Rojas Pinilla in Colombia.

1958: Nelson Mandela marries Winnie Madikizela.

1959: Billy Casper wins the US Open golf tournament.


1961: Singer Patsy Cline is seriously injured in a car accident.

1962: Albert DeSalvo, better known as the Boston Strangler, murders his first victim, Anna Slesers.

1963: Valery Bykovsky in Vostok 5 orbits earth 81 times in five days.

1965: John Lennon’s second book “A Spaniard in the Works” is published.

1970: In the World Cup quarter final England lose 3-2 to West Germany. After going two goals up, manager Sir Alf Ramsey substitutes Bobby Charlton to rest him for the semi final but with goals from Franz Beckenbaur, Uwe Seeler and Gerd Muller in extra time and a shocking miss by Jeff Astle, our reign as world champions was over.

1975: Chris Evert defeats Martina Navratilova 2-6, 6-2, 6-1 for her second French singles title.

1979: Little Feat, one of the great unsung groups of the 1970s, disbands when leader Lowell George’s unreliability due to drug abuse becomes too much for the other members.

1982: Argentina surrenders, ending the 74-day Falklands conflict.

1986: Bob Geldof is named in the Queen’s birthday honours list to receive an honorary Knighthood. On the same day, three fans die during an Ozzy Osbourne gig at Long Beach Arena, California after falling from a balcony.

1989: Pete De Freitas drummer with Echo And The Bunnymen is killed aged 27 when his motorbike collides with a car. On the same day, Ronald Reagan is awarded an honorary knighthood in The Queen’s Birthday Honours List and actress Zsa Zsa Gabor is arrested for slapping a Beverly Hills motorcycle cop.

1991: More than a thousand Kurds besiege a US military base near the northern Iraqi city of Dohuk, pleading with American troops not to withdraw.

1992: Singles chart:

  1. ABBA-esque (EP) – Erasure
  2. Heartbeat – Nick Berry
  3. Please Don’t Go – KWS
  4. Hazard – Richard Marx
  5. Too Funky – George Michael
  6. Something Good – Utah Saints
  7. Jump – Kris Kross
  8. It Only Takes A Minute – Take That
  9. Everything About You – Ugly Kid Joe
  10. The One – Elton John
1992: Simply Red – Stars

Album chart:s

  1. Back To Front – Lionel Richie
  2. Angel Dust – Faith No More
  3. Completely Hooked: The Best Of – Dr Hook
  4. This Thing Called Love: Greatest Hits – Alexander O’Neal
  5. Stars – Simply Red
  6. Change Everything – Del Amitri
  7. Live At Wembley 86 – Queen
  8. Rush Street – Richard Marx
  9. Diva – Annie Lennox
  10. Use Your Illusion II – Guns ‘n’ Roses

1993: Tansu Ciller is appointed the first female premier of Turkey.

1994: Composer Henry Mancini dies aged 70.

1995: Guitarist Rory Gallagher dies after getting a chest infection following a liver transplant.

2002: Mick Jagger is knighted in the Queen’s Birthday Honours.

2007: Bob Dylan wins Spain’s Prince of Asturias Arts Award, one of the country’s most prestigious honours.

2013: Hassan Rouhani is elected President of Iran. On the same day, the US government charges NSA leaker Edward Snowden with violating the Espionage Act and theft of government property.

2014: Alexander Stubb becomes Prime Minister of Finland.

2016: Guitarist Henry McCullough dies after never fully recovering from a severe heart attack he had suffered four years earlier.

2017: A fire at Grenfell Tower, a block of flats in London, kills 79 people. On the same day, Leo Varadkar is formally elected Irish Taoiseach.

2018: The World Cup opens at the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow. On the same day, the US government confirms 1500 boys being held separated from their parents in Casa Padre, shelter facility for illegal immigrants in a former Walmart in Brownsville, Texas.

2019: Britney Spears is granted a permanent restraining order against her former manager, Sam Lutfi.

BIRTHDAYS: Spooner Oldham, songwriter/musician, 78; Rod Argent, keyboards/songwriter (The Zombies/Argent), 76; Donald Trump, former US president, 75; Alan White, drummer (Yes), 72; Jim Lea, musician/songwriter (Slade) 72; David Thomas, singer-songwriter (Pere Ubu) 68; Will Patton, actor, 67; Paul O’Grady, TV personality, 65; Marcus Miller, bassist/producer, 62; Gary Husband, drummer, 61; Boy George (O’Dowd), singer-songwriter, 60; Jeremy Dyson, screenwriter/director, 55; Yasmine Bleeth, actress, 53; Steffi Graf (Agassi), tennis champion, 52; Mollie Parker, actress, 49; Shaun Keaveny, radio DJ, 49; Alan Carr, comedian, 45; Sullivan Stapleton, actor, 44; Lang Lang, concert pianist, 39; Kevin McHale, actor, 33; Jesy Nelson, singer, 30.