It happened today – this day in history – June 14

1381: Richard II meets leaders of the Peasants’ Revolt on Blackheath.

1645: The Tower of London is stormed The “New Model Army” under Oliver Cromwell and Thomas Fairfax beat royalists forces of Charles I at the Battle of Naseby.

1658: English and French forces defeat the Spanish near Dunkirk during the Franco-Spanish War.

1775: The US Army first forms as the Continental Army to fight the American Revolutionary War.

1777: The US Continental Congress adopts the Stars & Stripes flag.

1789: Captain William Bligh and his loyal men cast off from HMS Bounty reach Timor after sailing 5,800 km in a six-metre launch.

1811: Birth of American author Harriet Beacher Stowe in Connecticut.

1822: Charles Babbage proposes a “difference engine” in a paper to the Royal Astronomical Society entitled “Note on the application of machinery to the computation of astronomical and mathematical tables”.

1847: Chemist Robert Bunsen invents the Bunsen burner.

1900: The Reichstag approves a second law that allows the expansion of the German navy.

1904: Dutch troops occupy Kuto Reh, Sumatra, killing all the inhabitants.

1907: Norway adopts female suffrage for middle class women only in parliamentary elections.

1917: In the First World War, more than 100 people die in east London during the first German air rraid on England.

1928: Birth of Marxist revolutionary Ernesto “Che” Guevara in Argentina. On the same day, suffragette leader Emmeline Pankhurst dies aged 69.

1934: Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini meet in Vienna. On the same day, Max Baer KO’s defending champion Primo Carnera of Italy in the 11th round at Madison Square Garden for the lineal world heavyweight title.

1935: End of the Chaco War between Bolivia and Paraguay.

1936: Death of writer G. K. Chesterton aged 62.

1940: German troops march into Paris. On the same day, Auschwitz concentration camp opens in Nazi controlled Poland.

1941: Estonia loses 11,000 inhabitants as a consequence of mass deportations to Siberia.

1942: Anne Frank begins her diary. On the same day, the French government of Paul Reynaud resigns.

1946: Inventor of the television, John Logie Baird, dies from a stroke aged 57.

1949: The French-allied State of Vietnam is officially formed.

1952: Jim Peters runs a world record marathon (2:20:42.2).

1953: Military coup by General Gustavo Rojas Pinilla in Colombia.

1958: Nelson Mandela marries Winnie Madikizela.

1959: Billy Casper wins the US Open golf tournament.

1961: Singer Patsy Cline is seriously injured in a car accident.


1962: Albert DeSalvo, better known as the Boston Strangler, murders his first victim, Anna Slesers.

1963: Valery Bykovsky in Vostok 5 orbits earth 81 times over five days.

1965: John Lennon’s second book “A Spaniard in the Works” is published.

1970: In the World Cup quarter final England lose 3-2 to West Germany. After going two goals up, manager Sir Alf Ramsey substitutes Bobby Charlton to rest him for the semi final but with goals from Franz Beckenbauer, Uwe Seeler and Gerd Muller in extra time and a shocking miss by Jeff Astle, our reign as world champions ends.

Singles chart:

  1. In The Summertime – Mungo Jeerry
  2. Yellow River – Christie
  3. Groovin’ With Mr Bloe – Mr Bloe
  4. All Right Now – Free
  5. Cottonfields – The Beach Boys
  6. Honey Come Back – Glen Campbell
  7. Sally – Gerry Monroe
  8. Everything Is Beautiful – Ray Stevens
  9. Back Home – The England World Cup Squad
  10. The Green Manalishi (With The Two Pronged Crown) – Fleetwood Mac
1970: The Beatles – Let It Be

Album chart:

  1. Bridge Over Troubled Water – Simon and Garfunkel
  2. Let It Be – The Beatles
  3. Live At Leeds – The Who
  4. McCartney – Paul McCartney
  5. Easy Rider – Original Soundtrack
  6. Deja Vu – Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young
  7. The World Beaters Sing The World Beaters – England World Cup Squad
  8. Greatest Hits – Herb Alpert and the Tijuana Brass
  9. Greatest Hits – Andy Williams
  10. Cricklewood Green – Ten Years After

1975: Chris Evert defeats Martina Navratilova 2-6, 6-2, 6-1 for her second French singles title.

1979: Little Feat, one of the great underrated groups of the 1970s, disbands when leader Lowell George’s unreliability due to drug abuse becomes too much for the other members.

1982: Argentina surrenders, ending the 74-day Falklands conflict.

1986: Bob Geldof is named in the Queen’s birthday honours list to receive an honorary knighthood. On the same day, three fans die during an Ozzy Osbourne gig at Long Beach Arena, California after falling from a balcony.

1989: Pete De Freitas, drummer with Echo And The Bunnymen is killed aged 27 in a motorcycle crash. On the same day, Ronald Reagan is awarded an honorary knighthood in The Queen’s Birthday Honours List and actress Zsa Zsa Gabor is arrested for slapping a Beverly Hills motorcycle cop.

1991: More than a thousand Kurds besiege a US military base near the northern Iraqi city of Dohuk, pleading with American troops not to withdraw.

1993: Tansu Ciller is appointed the first female premier of Turkey.

1994: Composer Henry Mancini dies aged 70.

1995: Guitarist Rory Gallagher dies after getting a chest infection following a liver transplant.

2002: Mick Jagger is knighted in the Queen’s Birthday Honours.

2007: Bob Dylan wins Spain’s Prince of Asturias Arts Award, one of the country’s most prestigious honours.

2013: Hassan Rouhani is elected President of Iran. On the same day, the US government charges NSA leaker Edward Snowden with violating the Espionage Act and theft of government property.

2014: Alexander Stubb becomes Prime Minister of Finland.

2016: Guitarist Henry McCullough dies after never fully recovering from a severe heart attack he had suffered four years earlier.

2017: A fire at Grenfell Tower, a block of flats in London, kills 79 people. On the same day, Leo Varadkar is formally elected Irish Taoiseach.

2018: The World Cup opens at the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow. On the same day, the US government confirms 1500 boys being held separate from their parents in Casa Padre, shelter facility for illegal immigrants in a former Walmart in Brownsville, Texas.

2019: Britney Spears is granted a permanent restraining order against her former manager, Sam Lutfi. On the same day, Swiss women hold a national strike over the country’s slow pace towards equality.

2021: Cristiano Ronaldo removes sponsor’s Coke bottles from his table during a press conference at the European Championships, prompting the company’s share price to drop by $4 billion.

2022: The first controversial UK flight to take asylum seekers to Rwanda iss cancelled after a last-minute ruling from European Court of Human Rights.

2023: Former footballer John Hollins dies aged 76.

Lang Lang

BIRTHDAYS: Spooner Oldham, songwriter/musician, 81; Rod Argent, keyboards/songwriter (The Zombies/Argent), 79; Donald Trump, former US president, 78; Jim Lea, musician/songwriter (Slade) 75; Rowan Williams, Archbishop of Canterbury, 74; David Thomas, singer-songwriter (Pere Ubu) 71; Will Patton, actor, 70; Marcus Miller, bassist/producer, 65; Gary Husband, drummer, 64; Boy George (O’Dowd), singer-songwriter, 63; Jeremy Dyson, screenwriter/director, 58; Yasmine Bleeth, actress, 56; Steffi Graf (Agassi), tennis champion, 55; Mollie Parker, actress, 52; Shaun Keaveny, radio DJ, 52; Alan Carr, comedian, 48; Sullivan Stapleton, actor, 47; Lang Lang, concert pianist, 42; Kevin McHale, actor, 36; Jesy Nelson, singer, 33; Daryl Sabara, actor, 32.