1381: Richard II meets leaders of the Peasants’ Revolt on Blackheath.
1645: The Tower of London is stormed The “New Model Army” under Oliver Cromwell and Thomas Fairfax beat royalists forces of Charles I at the Battle of Naseby.
1658: English and French forces defeat the Spanish near Dunkirk during the Franco-Spanish War.
1775: The US Army first forms as the Continental Army to fight the American Revolutionary War.
1777: The US Continental Congress adopts the Stars & Stripes flag.
1789: Captain William Bligh and his loyal men cast off from HMS Bounty reach Timor after sailing 5,800 km in a six-metre launch.
1811: Birth of American author Harriet Beacher Stowe in Connecticut.
1822: Charles Babbage proposes a “difference engine” in a paper to the Royal Astronomical Society entitled “Note on the application of machinery to the computation of astronomical and mathematical tables”.
1847: Chemist Robert Bunsen invents the Bunsen burner.
1900: The Reichstag approves a second law that allows the expansion of the German navy.
1904: Dutch troops occupy Kuto Reh, Sumatra, killing all the inhabitants.
1907: Norway adopts female suffrage for middle class women only in parliamentary elections.
1917: Over 100 people die in East London during the first German air attack on England.
1928: Birth of Marxist revolutionary Ernesto “Che” Guevara in Argentina. On the same day, suffragette leader Emmeline Pankhurst dies aged 69.
1934: Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini meet in Vienna. On the same day, Max Baer KO’s defending champion Primo Carnera of Italy in the 11th round at Madison Square Garden for the lineal world heavyweight title.
1935: End of the Chaco War between Bolivia and Paraguay.
1936: Death of writer G. K. Chesterton aged 62.
1940: German forces enter Paris. On the same day, Auschwitz concentration camp opens in Nazi controlled Poland.
1941: Estonia loses 11,000 inhabitants as a consequence of mass deportations to Siberia..
1942: Anne Frank begins her diary. On the same day, the French government of Paul Reynaud resigns.
1946: Inventor of the television, John Logie Baird, dies from a stroke aged 57.
1949: The French-allied State of Vietnam is officially formed.
1952: Jim Peters runs a world record marathon (2:20:42.2).
1953: Military coup by General Gustavo Rojas Pinilla in Colombia.
1958: Nelson Mandela marries Winnie Madikizela.
1959: Billy Casper wins the US Open golf tournament.
1961: Singer Patsy Cline is seriously injured in a car accident.
1962: Albert DeSalvo, better known as the Boston Strangler, murders his first victim, Anna Slesers.
1975: Chris Evert defeats Martina Navratilova 2-6, 6-2, 6-1 for her second French singles title.
1982: Argentina surrenders, ending the 74-day Falklands conflict.
1986: Bob Geldof was named in The Queen’s Birthday Honours List, receiving an honorary knighthood in recognition of his humanitarian activities. On the same day, three fans died during an Ozzy Osbourne gig at Long Beach Arena, California after falling from a balcony.
1989: Pete De Freitas drummer with Echo And The Bunnymen was killed at the age of 27, when his motorbike collided with a car. On the same day, Ronald Reagan is awarded an honorary knighthood in The Queen’s Birthday Honours List and actress Zsa Zsa Gabor is arrested for slapping Beverly Hills motorcycle patrolman.
1993: Tansu Ciller is appointed the first female premier of Turkey.
1994: Composer Henry Mancini dies aged 70.
1995: Guitarist Rory Gallagher died aged 47 after a chest infection set in following a liver transplant.
2002: Mick Jagger was knighted in the Queen’s Birthday Honours.
2007: Bob Dylan wins Spain’s Prince of Asturias Arts Award, one of the country’s most prestigious honours.
2013: Hassan Rouhani is elected President of Iran. On the same day, the US government charges NSA leaker Edward Snowden with violating the Espionage Act and theft of government property.
2014: Alexander Stubb becomes Prime Minister of Finland.
2016: Guitarist Henry McCullough died after never fully recovering from a severe heart attack he had suffered four years earlier.
2017: A fire at Grenfell Tower, a block of flats in London, kills 79 people. On the same day, Leo Varadkar is formally elected Irish Taoiseach.
2018: The World Cup opens at the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow.
2019: Britney Spears is granted a permanent restraining order against her former manager, Sam Lutfi.
BIRTHDAYS: Chuck Berghofer, jazz bassist, 83; Spooner Oldham, songwriter/keyboardists, 77; Rod Argent, keyboardist, 75; Donald Trump, US President, 74; Alan White, drummer (Yes) 71; Jim Lea, musician/songwriter (Slade) 71; Rowan Williams, Archbishop of Canterbury, 70; David Thomas, singer (Pere Ubu) 67; Will Patton, actor, 66; Paul O’Grady, TV personality, 65; Boy George (O’Dowd) singer, 59; Yasmine Bleeth, actress, 52; Steffi Graf, tennis legend, 51; Shaun Keaveny, radio DJ, 48; Alan Carr, comedian, 44; Lang Lang, concert pianist, 38; Siobhan Donaghy, singer, (Sugarbabes) 37.