- It happened today – this day in history – October 19 - 19/10/2021
- It happened today – this day in history – October 18 - 18/10/2021
- It happened today – this day in history – October 17 - 17/10/2021
763BC: Assyrians record a solar eclipse that will be used to fix the chronology of Mesopotamian history.
1215: King John signs the Magna Carta at Runnymede.
1246: With the death of Duke Frederick II, the Babenberg dynasty ends in Austria.
1330: Birth of Edwatd the Black Prince.
1381: Wat Tyler, leader of the Peasants’ Revolt, is beheaded in London.
1389: Turks defeat Serbs at the Battle of Kosovo.
1567: Protestant troops beat Earl Bothwell’s army at the Battle of Carberry n Scotland.
1626: Charles I disbands Parliament.
1667: The first fully documented human blood transfusion is performed by French physician, Dr. Jean-Baptiste Denys, when a small amount of sheep’s blood is transfused into a 15-year old boy who survives. It’s unknown if he had to shave in a special way after.
1762: Austria uses the first paper currency.
1775: George Washington is appointed commander-in-chief of the Continental Army.
1785: Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier and Pierre Romain, two French balloonists, die in the world’s first fatal aviation accident.
1808: Joseph Bonaparte becomes King of Spain.
1843: Birth of composer Edvard Grieg in Bergen, Norway.
1844: Chemist Charles Goodyear patents the vulcanization of rubber.
1849: Former US President James Knox Polk dies of cholera aged 53.
1864: The Battle of Petersburg begins as General Ulysses S Grant assaults the Confederate line in the American Civil War.
1878: The world’s first moving pictures caught on camera (12 cameras, each taking one picture) to see if all four of a horse’s hooves leave the ground.
1887: Carlisle D Graham survives his second ride over Niagara Falls in a barrel.
1888: Wilhelm II becomes Emperor of Germany.
1896: A Tsunami strikes a Shinto festival on the beach at Sanriku, Japan, killing 27,000.
1898: The US House of Representatives passes a resolution to annex Hawaii. On the same day, US marines attack the Spanish off Guantánamo, Cuba.
1903: The Serbian Assembly elects Prince Peter Karageorgevich king.
1907: Researcher George Soper publishes the results of his investigation into recent typhoid outbreaks in the New York area and announces that Mary Mallon – later known as Typhoid Mary – is the likely source of the outbreak.
1917: In order to calm troubled relations with Ireland, the British grant amnesty to prisoners taken during the Easter Rising of 1916.
1919: The first nonstop Atlantic flight (Alcock & Brown) lands in Ireland.
1920: African American circus workers, Elias Clayton, Elmer Jackson and Isaac McGhie are taken from jail and lynched by a white mob of thousands in Duluth, Minnesota.
1924: J Edgar Hoover assumes leadership of the FBI.
1940: France surrenders to Nazi Germany. On the same day, the Soviet Army occupies Lithuania.
1954: Britain’s two biggest steel factories are nationalised. On the same day, EUFA is formed in Basle, Switzerland.
1955: The IOC votes to award Rome the rights to host the 1960 Summer Olympic Games.
1956: Singles chart:
- I’ll Be Home – Pat Boone
- Lost John – Lonnie Donegan
- Heartbreak Hotel – Elvis Presley
- No Other Love – Ronnie Hilton
- Hot Diggity (Dog Ziggity Boom) – Perry Como
- The Saints Rock n Roll – Bill Haley and his Comets
- A Tear Fell – Teresa Brewer
- My September Love – David Whitfiels
- Blue Suede Shoes – Elvis Presley
- Blue Suede Shoes – Carl Perkins
1958: Music TV show Oh Boy!, is broadcast for the first time in the UK.
1960: Argentina complains to the UN about Israel’s illicit transfer of Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann.
1963: Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion resigns.
1964: The last French troops leave Algeria.
1966: The world’s first hovercraft show opens in Britain with news of a Ministry of Defence order worth £1m.
1968: Jazz guitarist Wes Montgomery dies from a heart attack aged 45.
1969: Album chart:
- His Orchestra, His Chorus, His Singers, His Sound – Ray Conniff
- My Way – Frank Sinatra
- Nashville Skyline – Bob Dylan
- The World Of Val Doonican – Val Doonican
- Best Of The Seekers – The Seekers
- Tommy – The Who
- On The Threshold Of A Dream – The Moody Blues
- The World Of Mantovani – Mantovani
- The World Of Charlie Kunz – Charlie Kunz
- Hair – Original London Cast
1972: A rock fall inside the Vierzy Tunnel in France causes two trains to crash, killing 107. On the same day, West German police arrest terror group leader Ulrike Meinhof.
1974: Violence during a march through central London by The National Front leaves one person dead. On the same day, Chris Evert beats Olga Morozova of Russia 6-1, 6-2 to win her first French Open tennis title.
1980: Golfer Jack Nicklaus sets a new tournament scoring record 272 (-8) to win his fourth US Open title.
1982: Riots break out in Argentina after Falklands/Malvinas defeat.
1983: The first episode of Black Adder is shown on BBC1.
1984: Boxer Thomas “Hitman” Hearns retains the WBC light middleweight title with a round 2 KO of Roberto Durán.
1985: Pinklon Thomas KO’s Mike Weaver in Round 8 for the WBC heavyweight boxing title. On the same day, Russian space probe Vega 2 lands on Venus.
1987: Michael Spinks TKOs Gerry Cooney in Round 5 for the WBA heavyweight boxing title.
1991: The eruption of Mt Pinatubo in the Philippines is the second-largest volcanic eruption on Earth of the 20th century.
1992: US vice president Dan Quayle instructs a Trenton, New Jersey, elementary student to spell potato, “potatoe” during a spelling bee.
1993: Former F1 champion and broadcaster James Hunt dies aged 45.
1996: A massive IRA bomb in a lorry detonates at the Arndale shopping centre in the centre of Manchester. On the same day, Paul Gascoigne scores his most memorable England goal in a 2-0 European Championship victory against Scotland at Wembley, chipping the ball over the head of defender Colin Hendry before volleying into the net. Also, jazz singer Ella Fitzgerald dies in Beverly Hills aged 79.
1997: Golfer Ernie Els wins the US Open.
2000: The major contingent of the British military task force sent to help restore order in Sierra Leone leaves the country.
2010: Film star Harrison Ford marries actress and Golden Globe winner Calista Flockhart in Santa Fe, New Mexico.
2017: Film star Rebel Wilson wins a defamation case against Bauer Media at The Supreme Court of Victoria in Melbourne, Australia.
2018: Prof Stephen Hawking’s ashes are interred in Westminster Abbey between Sir Isaac Newton and Charles Darwin. On the same day, Glasgow School of Art burns down four years after a previous fire.
2019: Death of film director Franco Zeffirelli aged 96.
BIRTHDAYS: Muff (Melvin) Winwood, record producer, 78; Xaviera Hollander, author, 78; Noddy Holder, guitarist/singer/songwriter (Slade), 75; Leo Nocentelli, guitarist (The Meters) 75; Simon Callow, actor, 72; Sir John Redwood, MP, 70; Steve Walsh, singer (Kansas) 70; Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party, 68; Jim Belushi, actor, 67; Neil Arthur, singer (Blancmange) 63; Alan Brazil, footballer/broadcaster, 62; Helen Hunt, actress/director/acreenwriter, 58; Michael Laudrup, football manager, 57; Courteney Cox, actress, 57; Samira Ahmed, journalist/newsreader, 53; Ice Cube (O’Shea Jackson), rapper/actor, 52; Oliver Kahn, German goalkeeper, 52; Leah Remini, actress, 51; Jake Busey, actor, 50; Poppy Montgomery (Donahue), actress, 49; Tore André Flo, footballer, 48; Neil Patrick Harris, actor, 48; Gary Lightbody, singer-songwriter/guitarist (Snow Patrol), 45; Nadine Coyle, singer, (Girls Aloud) 36; Pascal Gross, German footballer, 30; Mohammed Salah, footballer, 29.