It happened today – this day in history – June 15

763BC: Assyrians record a solar eclipse that will be used to fix the chronology of Mesopotamian history.

1215: King John signs the Magna Carta at Runnymede.

1246: With the death of Duke Frederick II, the Babenberg dynasty ends in Austria.

1330: Birth of Edwatd the Black Prince.

1381: Wat Tyler, leader of the Peasants’ Revolt, is beheaded in London.

1389: Turks defeat Serbs at the Battle of Kosovo.

1567: Protestant troops beat Earl Bothwell’s army at the Battle of Carberry in Scotland.

1626: Charles I disbands Parliament.

1667: The first fully documented human blood transfusion is performed by French physician, Dr. Jean-Baptiste Denys, when a small amount of sheep’s blood is transfused into a 15-year old boy who survives. It’s unknown if he had to shave in a special way after.

1762: Austria uses the first paper currency.

1775: George Washington is appointed commander-in-chief of the Continental Army.

1785: Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier and Pierre Romain, two French balloonists, die in the world’s first fatal aviation accident.

1808: Joseph Bonaparte becomes King of Spain.

1843: Birth of composer Edvard Grieg in Bergen, Norway.

1844: Chemist Charles Goodyear patents the vulcanization of rubber.

1849: Former US President James Knox Polk dies of cholera aged 53.

1864: The Battle of Petersburg begins as General Ulysses S Grant assaults the Confederate line in the American Civil War.

1878: The world’s first moving pictures caught on camera (12 cameras, each taking one picture) to see if all four of a horse’s hooves leave the ground.

1887: Carlisle D Graham survives his second ride over Niagara Falls in a barrel.

1888: Wilhelm II becomes Emperor of Germany.

1896: A Tsunami strikes a Shinto festival on the beach at Sanriku, Japan, killing 27,000.

1898: The US House of Representatives passes a resolution to annex Hawaii. On the same day, US marines attack the Spanish off Guantánamo, Cuba.

1903: The Serbian Assembly elects Prince Peter Karageorgevich king.

1907: Researcher George Soper publishes the results of his investigation into recent typhoid outbreaks in the New York area and announces that Mary Mallon – later known as Typhoid Mary – is the likely source of the outbreak.

1917: In order to calm troubled relations with Ireland, the British grant amnesty to prisoners taken during the Easter Rising of 1916.

1919: The first nonstop Atlantic flight (Alcock & Brown) lands in Ireland.

1920: African American circus workers, Elias Clayton, Elmer Jackson and Isaac McGhie are taken from jail and lynched by a white mob of thousands in Duluth, Minnesota.

1924: J Edgar Hoover assumes leadership of the FBI.

1940: In the Second World War France surrenders to Nazi Germany. On the same day, the Soviet Army occupies Lithuania.

1954: Britain’s two biggest steel factories are nationalised. On the same day, EUFA is formed in Basle, Switzerland.

1955: The IOC votes for Rome to host the 1960 Summer Olympic Games.


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1958: Music TV show Oh Boy!, is broadcast for the first time in the UK.

1960: Argentina complains to the UN about Israel’s illicit transfer of Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann.

1963: Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion resigns.

1964: The last French troops leave Algeria.

1966: The world’s first hovercraft show opens in Britain with news of a Ministry of Defence order worth £1m.

1968: Jazz guitarist Wes Montgomery dies from a heart attack aged 45.

1972: A rock fall inside the Vierzy Tunnel in France causes two trains to crash, killing 107. On the same day, West German police arrest terror group leader Ulrike Meinhof.

1974: Violence during a march through central London by The National Front leaves one person dead. On the same day, Chris Evert beats Olga Morozova of Russia 6-1, 6-2 to win her first French Open tennis title.

1980: Golfer Jack Nicklaus sets a new tournament scoring record 272 (-8) to win his fourth US Open title.

Singles chart:

  1. Crying – Don McLean
  2. Theme From M*A*S*H (Suicide Is Painless) – Johnny Mandel
  3. Funkytown – Lipps Inc
  4. Back Together Again – Roberta Flack and Donny Hathaway
  5. No Doubt About It – Hot Chocolate
  6. Everybody’s Gotta Learn Sometime – The Korgis
  7. Behind The Groove – Teena Marie
  8. Let’s Get Serrious – Jermaine Jackson
  9. Over You – Roxy Music
  10. You Gave Me Love – Crown Heights Affair
1980: Peter Gabriel – Peter Gabriel

Album chart:

  1. Peter Gabriel 3 (Melt) – Peter Gabriel
  2. Flesh And Blood – Roxy Music
  3. Hot Wax – Various Artists
  4. McCartney II – Paul McCartney
  5. Me Myself I – Joan Armatrading
  6. Just Can’t Stop it – The Beat
  7. Ready And Willing – Whitesnake
  8. Sky 2 – Sky
  9. Magic Reggae – Various Artists
  10. Champagne And Roses – Various Artists

1982: Riots break out in Argentina after Falklands/Malvinas defeat.

1983: The first episode of Black Adder is shown on BBC1.

1984: Boxer Thomas “Hitman” Hearns retains the WBC light middleweight title with a round 2 KO of Roberto Durán.

1985: Pinklon Thomas KO’s Mike Weaver in Round 8 for the WBC heavyweight boxing title. On the same day, Russian space probe Vega 2 lands on Venus.

1987: Michael Spinks TKOs Gerry Cooney in Round 5 for the WBA heavyweight boxing title.

1990: On TV (Friday)


THAMES

06.00TV-am

09.25Chain Letters

09.55Thames News

10.00Out of This World

10.30This Morning

12.10Rainbow

12.25Home and Away

12.55Thames News

13.00ITN News at One

13.20Coming of Age

13.50A Country Practice

14.20Anything Goes

14.50Connections

15.20Thames News

15.25Sons and Daughters

15.55Art Attack

16.15Garfield and Friends

16.45I Can Do That!

17.10Home and Away


LWT

17.40ITN News

17.55The London Programme Preview

18.00Six O’Clock Live

18.50The $64,000 Question

19.20Coronation Street

19.50World Cup 90

22.00ITN News at Ten

22.30LWT News

22.35Pro-Celebrity Golf

23.35The London Programme
Trevor Phillips examines the disturbing rise in the number of murders of homosexuals in the capital, many of which remain unsolved.



CHANNEL 4

06.00The Art of Landscape

06.20Business Daily

06.30Channel 4 Daily

09.25Schools

12.00The Parliament Programme

12.30Business Daily

13.00Sesame Street

14.00It’s A Deal

14.30Channel 4 Racing from York

16.30Fifteen to One

17.00I Love Lucy

17.30A Hundred Acres

17.45Masterworks

18.00Buzz

18.30Star Test

19.00Channel 4 News

19.55Book Choice

20.00Short Stories

20.30Hard News

21.00Cheers

21.30Loads More Muck and Magic

22.00Roseanne

22.30Vic Reeves’ Big Night Out

23.00Film: Kaijû sôshingeki (1968)


BBC ONE

06.00Pages from Ceefax

06.30BBC Breakfast News

08.55Regional News; Weather

09.00News Weather followed by The Travel Show Guides

09.35Look, Stranger

10.00News Weather followed by Matchpoint

10.25Playdays

10.50Stoppit and Tidyup

10.55Five to Eleven

11.00News

11.30Tricks of the Trade

12.00News and Weather

12.05Dallas

12.50The Travel Show UK Mini Guides

12.55Regional News and Weather

13.00One O’Clock News

13.30Neighbours

13.50Denis Healey – More Than Meets the Eye

14.20Film: Night Without Stars (1951)

15.40Popeye

15.50Henry’s Cat

15.55A Bear Behind

16.05Around the World with Willy Fog

16.35Gentle Ben

17.00Newsround

17.10Round the Twist

17.35Neighbours

18.00Six O’Clock News

18.30Regional news magazines

19.00Wogan

19.45‘Allo ‘Allo!
After narrowly escaping being blown up by the 258 exploding Christmas puddings,
Rene becomes embroiled in another daring plan by the Resistance.


20.10Paradise

21.00Nine O’Clock News

21.30South of the Border
Private detective series set in south London.


22.20The Musical Classics of Morecambe and Wise

23.00World Cup Report
Highlights from West Germany v UAE and Austria v Czechoslovakia.


23.45Film: Return of the Seven (1966) Yul Brynner again recruits a small band of fighters to go to the rescue of an impoverished Mexican village whose men have all been kidnapped.


BBC TWO

06.45Open University

08.00News

08.15Westminster

09.00Daytime on 2 for Schools

10.45Storytime

11.00Lifeschool Special

11.25Watch

11.40For School

12.15Scene

12.45English File

13.20Tales of Aesop

13.25Fireman Sam

13.40English Time

14.00News

14.15Weekend Outlook

14.20Tennis and World Cup Grandstand
The Stella Artois Championships from Queen’s Club, London.
Highlights of the first-half action plus the second half live at 4.30pm* of the all-European clash between Austria and Czechoslovakia.


19.15What the Papers Say

19.30Friday Report

20.00Public Eye

20.30Gardeners’ World

21.00Naked Video
Comedy series featuring Gregor Fisher, Andy Gray, Helen Lederer, Tony Roper, Elaine C Smith, Jonathan Watson and John Sparkes.


21.30Homelands

22.20Uncertainties

22.30Newsnight

23.15Weatherview

23.20Animation from Prague

23.30Film: The Shop on the High Street
In wartime Slovakia a carpenter is placed in an impossible position.

1991: The eruption of Mt Pinatubo in the Philippines is the second-largest volcanic eruption on Earth of the 20th century.

1992: US vice president Dan Quayle instructs a Trenton, New Jersey, elementary student to spell potato, “potatoe” during a spelling bee.

1993: Former F1 champion and broadcaster James Hunt dies aged 45.

1996: A massive IRA bomb in a lorry detonates at the Arndale shopping centre in the centre of Manchester. On the same day, Paul Gascoigne scores his most memorable England goal in a 2-0 European Championship victory against Scotland at Wembley, chipping the ball over the head of defender Colin Hendry before volleying into the net. Also, jazz singer Ella Fitzgerald dies in Beverly Hills aged 79.

1997: Golfer Ernie Els wins the US Open.

2000: The major contingent of the British military task force sent to help restore order in Sierra Leone leaves the country.

2010: Film star Harrison Ford marries actress Calista Flockhart in Santa Fe, New Mexico.

2017: Film star Rebel Wilson wins a defamation case against Bauer Media at The Supreme Court of Victoria in Melbourne, Australia.

2018: Prof Stephen Hawking’s ashes are interred in Westminster Abbey between Sir Isaac Newton and Charles Darwin. On the same day, Glasgow School of Art burns down four years after a previous fire.

2019: Death of film director Franco Zeffirelli aged 96.

2020: In a landmark decision the US Supreme Court rules that gay and transgender workers cannot be discriminated against in the workplace.

2023: A damning report by a UK government committee finds former PM Boris Johnson misld Parliament over “Partygate” COVID-19 breaches. On the same day, former Labour MP and Oscar-winning actress Glenda Jackson dies aged 87. Also, footballer Gordon McQueen dies aged 70 from dementia.

Nadine Coyle

BIRTHDAYS: Muff (Melvin) Winwood, record producer, 81; Xaviera Hollander, author, 81; Noddy Holder, guitarist/singer/songwriter (Slade), 78; Leo Nocentelli, guitarist (The Meters) 78; Simon Callow, actor, 75; Sir John Redwood, MP, 73; Steve Walsh, singer (Kansas) 73; Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party, 71; Jim Belushi, actor, 70; Neil Arthur, singer (Blancmange) 66; Alan Brazil, footballer/broadcaster, 65; Helen Hunt, actress/director/screenwriter, 61; Michael Laudrup, football manager, 60; Courteney Cox, actress, 60; Samira Ahmed, journalist/newsreader, 56; Ice Cube (O’Shea Jackson), rapper/actor, 55; Oliver Kahn, German goalkeeper, 55; Leah Remini, actress, 54; Jake Busey, actor, 53; Poppy Montgomery (Donahue), actress, 52; Tore André Flo, footballer, 51; Neil Patrick Harris, actor, 51; Gary Lightbody, singer-songwriter/guitarist (Snow Patrol), 48; Nadine Coyle, singer, (Girls Aloud) 39; Pascal Gross, German footballer, 33; Mohammed Salah, footballer, 32.