It happened today – this day in history – June 16

1487: Henry VII beats John de la Pole & Lord Lovell at the Battle of Stoke Field – the last major engagement in the War of the Roses.

1567: Mary, Queen of Scots is imprisoned in Lochleven Castle prison.

1624: Virginia becomes an English crown colony.

1779: During the American Revolutionary War, US General Anthony Wayne captures Stony Point, New York, inflicting heavy losses on the British. On the same day, Spain declares war on Britain in support of the US, starting the Siege of Gibraltar.

1784: Holland forbids the wearing of orange clothes.

1815: The French army under Napoleon defeats Prussia at the Battle of Ligny.

1829: Birth of Apache leader Geronimo in Mexico.

1858: Abraham Lincoln accepts the Illinois Republican Party’s nomination for the US Senate.

1880: The Salvation Army forms in London.

1890: Birth of Stan Laurel (Arthur Atanley Jefferson) in Ulverston, England.

1903: The Pepsi Cola Company forms.

1904: Eugen Schauman assassinates Nikolai Bobrikov, Governor-General of Finland.

1907: Tsar Nicolas II of Russia dissolves the Second Duma (parliament) and issues an edict that will increase representation of propertied classes while reducing that of peasants, workers and minorities.

1908: The Republican Party convenes in Chicago where President Theodore Roosevelt chooses William Howard Taft as his successor.

1913: The South African Government passes the Native Land Act, which restricts purchase or lease of land by native Africans.

1915: Formation of the Women’s Institute.

1922: Henry Berliner demonstrates his helicopter to the US Bureau of Aeronautics. On the same day, Irish republicans are beaten in a national election. The vote is in favour of the Treaty of London, which leaves the Irish Free State as a dominion within the Commonwealth.

1932: US President Herbert Hoover and Vice President Charles Curtis are renominated by the Republican Convention.

1940: A communist government is installed in Lithuania.

1944: George Stinney, a 14-year-old African-American boy, is wrongfully executed for the murder of two white girls, becoming the youngest person ever executed in 20th-century America. On the same day, George VI visits General Montgomery’s HQ in Normandy.

1951: Ben Hogan wins his second consecutive US Open golf title.

1955: Pope Pius XII ex-communicates Argentine President Juan Peron.

1956: Poet Laureate Ted Hughes marries American poet/writer Sylvia Plath in London.

1959: TV’s Superman George Reeves dies from a gunshot to the head aged 45. The coroner rules it as suicide but mystery remains over the complete absence of fingerprints on the gun or gunpowder residue on the body. Theories include a mafia hit or murder by Reeves’ fiancee.

1960: Singles chart:

  1. Cathy’s Clown – The Everly Brothers
  2. Three Steps To Heaven – Eddie Cochran
  3. Handy Man – Jimmy Jones
  4. Mama – Connie Francis
  5. Cradle Of Love – Johnny Preston
  6. I Wanna Go Home – Lonnie Donegan
  7. Shazam! – Duane Eddy
  8. Stairway To Heaven – Neil Sedaka
  9. Sweet Nothin’s – Brenda Lee
  10. Footsteps – Steve Lawrence

1961: Soviet ballet dancer Rudolf Nureyev defects to the east at Le Bourget Airport in Paris.

1963: Valentina Tereshkova becomes the first woman in space aboard Vostok 6. On the same day, Levi Eshkol becomes prime minister of Israel following David Ben Gurion’s resignation.

1963: The Beatles – Please Please Me

Album chart:

  1. Please Please Me – The Beatles
  2. Summer Holiday – Cliff Richard
  3. Reminiscing – Buddy Holly
  4. It Happened At The World’s Fair – Elvis Presley
  5. West Side Story – Original Soundtrack
  6. I’ll Remember You – Frank Ifield
  7. Billy – Billy Fury
  8. Sinatra-Basie – Frank Sinatra and Count Basie
  9. Hats Off To – Del Shannon
  10. Greatest Hits – The Shadows

1964: The Rolling Stones pay £1,500 in air fares from America back to the UK to honour a booking made a year earlier for £100 at Magdalen College Oxford.

1965: Bob Dylan records Like A Rolling Stone at Columbia Recording Studios in New York.

1966: The Beatles make a surprise live appearance on Top Of The Pops performing Paperback Writer and Rain.

1967: Beginning of the three-day Monterey Pop Festival. The festival sees the first major US appearances by Janis Joplin, The Who and Jimi Hendrix. The bill also includes, Simon and Garfunkel, The Mamas & Papas, Jefferson Airplane, Buffalo Springfield and Otis Redding.


1968: Lee Trevino wins his first major golf title, beating Jack Nicklaus to take the US Open.

1970: Race riots break out in Miami, Florida.

1971: Racial disturbance in Jacksonville, Florida.

1974: Bjorn Borg of Sweden wins his first career Grand Slam title, beating Manuel Orantes of Spain 2-6, 6-7, 6-0, 6-1, 6-1 to take the French Open men’s singles tennis title.

1976: Violence spreads through South African townships in clashes between police and demonstrators.

1977: Leonid Brezhnev is named chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union. On the same day, rocket scientist Werner von Braun dies aged 65.

1980: The Blues Brothers, directed by Jon Landis and starring Dan Aykroyds and John Belushi premieres in Chicago.

1982: The South Wales coalfield comes to a standstill as miners strike in support of health workers. On the same day, Pretenders guitarist James Honeyman-Scott dies from a drug overdose.

1983: Yuri Andropov is appointed President of the Soviet Union.

1984: Athlete Ed Moses wins his 100th consecutive 400-metre hurdles race.

1985: US athlete Willie Banks sets the triple jump world record (58 feet 11 inches) in Indianapolis.

1988: Vince Neil of Motley Crue marries mud wrestler and fashion model Sharisse Rudell.

1992: An explosive book about the Princess of Wales, including claims she attempted suicide, is published by author Andrew Morton. On the same day, former US Secretary of Defence, Caspar Weinberger is indicted over the Iran-contra affair.

1994: Kristen Pfaff, bassist for Hole is found dead in her bathtub due to a heroin overdose aged 26.

1996: Rage Against The Machine, Beastie Boys, Smashing Pumpkins, Fugees, John Lee Hooker, Beck, Sonic Youth, Yoko Ono, De La Soul and the Red Hot Chilli Peppers all appear at the two-day Tibetan Freedom Concert, Golden Gate Park, San Francisco.

1999: Screaming Lord (David) Sutch, singer and leader of the Monster Raving Loony Party, commits suicide aged 58. On the same day, Thabo Mbeki is elected second President of a democratic South Africa.

2002: Tiger Woods wins his second US Open title, three shots ahead of runner-up Phil Mickelson.

2007: Rod Stewart marries Penny Lancaster on the Italian Riviera.

2008: Tiger Woods wins his third US Open and 14th major golfing title.

2010: Guitarist Gary Shider of Parliament-Funkadelic dies from cancer of the brain and lungs.

2013: English golfer Justin Rose wins his first major title at the US Open.

2015: Donald Trump launches his campaign for the Republican nomination for US President at Trump Tower, New York.

2016: MP Jo Cox is murdered outside her constituency surgery in Birstall, West Yorkshire. On the same day, singer Meat Loaf is rushed to hospital after collapsing on stage during a concert in Edmonton, Canada.

2017: Death of former German Chancellor Helmut Kohl aged 87.

2018: Video Assistant Referee (VAR) technology is used for the first time, awarding France a penalty in 2-1 win over Australia during the World Cup group stage.

2019: Sara Netanyahu, wife of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, admits to misuse of state funds in court. On the same day, a massive unprecedented power cut affects all of Argentina and Uruguay and parts of Paraguay.

2020: At least 20 Indian soldiers are killed in the first deadly clash on the Chinese/Indian border in 45 years in the Galwan Valley, Himalayas. On the same day, support from Manchester United player Marcus Rashford and others forces the government to make a U-turn on summer school meal vouchers.

2021: President Joe Biden and Russian leader Vladimir Putin meet in Geneva to discuss cyberattacks and human rights.

2022: US cosmetics company Revlon files for bankruptcy.

2023: An attack on a school in Uganda by Islamic State-linked militants leaves about 40 pupils dead. On the same day, scientists in the UK and Israel claim to have grown synthetic human embryos equivalent to that of 14-day-old natural ones.

Roberto Durán (Photo: Jim Accordino)

BIRTHDAYS: James Bolam, actor, 89; Giacomo Agostini, world champion motorcycle racer, 82; Eddie Levert, singer (The O’Jays) 82; Brian Protheroe, actor/singer, 80; Simon Williams, actor, 78; Pamela Bellwood, actress, 73; Roberto Duran, boxer, 73; Gino Vannelli, singer-songwriter, 72; Doane Perry, drummer (Jethro Tull) 70; Laurie Metcalf, actress, 69; Ian Mosley, drummer, (Marillion) 61; Jürgen Klopp, football manager, 57; Baroness Chakrabarti, politician, 55; Tommy Tiernan, comedian, 55; Phil Mickelson, golfer, 54; John Cho, actor, 52; Eddie Cibrian, actor, 51; Daniel Brühl, actor, 46; John Newman, singer-songwriter, 34; Joe McElderry, singer, 33.