It happened today – this day in history – June 18

1264: The Parliament of Ireland meets at Castledermot in Co Kildare, the first definitively known meeting of this Irish legislature.

1812: The US declares war against Britain.

1815: Napoleon is defeated by British forces under Wellington and Prussian troops under Blucher at the Battle of Waterloo.

1894: Prime Minister the Earl of Roseberry declares Uganda a British protectorate.

1898: The first amusement pier opens in Atlantic City, New Jersey.

1900: Empress Douairiere orders I-Ho-Chuan (Boxers) to kill all foreigners.

1928: Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean landing at Burry Port, Wales. On the same day, Norwegian polar explorer Roald Amundsen, who led the first expedition to the South Pole, dies aged 55 in a plane crash while on a rescue mission in the Arctic.

1936: The Polish parliament gives President Ignacy Mościcki dictatorial power. On the same day, Russian writer Maxim Gorky dies aged 68.

1940: General Charles de Gaulle goes on the BBC to tell the French to defy Nazi occupiers. On the same day, Winston Churchill gave his “this was their finest hour” speech to the House of Commons, urging perseverance during the Battle of Britain.

1941: Joe Louis KOs Billy Conn in Round 13 to retain the heavyweight boxing title. On the same day, Turkey signs a peace treaty with nazi Germany.

1945: William Joyce (German radio propagandist Lord Haw-Haw) is charged with treason.

1948: Columbia Records starts the first mass production of the 33-RPM long player. The new format can contain a maximum of 23 minutes of music per side versus the three minutes that could be squeezed on to a 78 RPM disc. On the same day, the US National Security Council authorizes covert operations for the first time.

1951: Charles de Gaulle wins the French parliamentary election.

1953: Egypt is proclaimed a republic, General Mohamed Neguib becomes president.

1959: Governor of Louisiana Earl K. Long is committed to a state mental hospital. He responds by having the hospital’s director fired and replaced with a crony who proceeds to proclaim him perfectly sane.

1960: Arnold Palmer stages the greatest comeback in US Open history, pulling back a seven-stroke final round deficit to win the title by two strokes ahead of Jack Nicklaus.

1965: The government announces it is to introduce a new Road Safety Bill with a blood alcohol limit for drivers and penalties for those caught above it.

On TV (Friday)


BBC ONE

09.35The Way The Money Goes

10.00Middle School Mathematics

10.45Watch With Mother The Woodentops

11.05Spotlight

11.35A Year In The Country

12.10Heddiw
Topical items in Welsh introduced by Owen Edwards


12.30News

12.32Cricket
England v. New Zealand Second Test. Second day’s play at Lord’s
Commentators: Brian Johnston, E. W. Swanton Denis Compton, Richie Benaud


13.35Watch With Mother
The Flowerpot Men


14.05Television Club

14.25Cricket

15.45Horse racing
Wokingham Stakes, 16.20 Hardwicke Stakes, 16.55 Queen Alexandra Stakes. Commentators, Peter O’Sullevan and Clive Graham


17.05Pet Pals

17.35Pinky And Perky

17.50Junior Points Of View

17.55News

18.05Cricket

18.35Town And Around

19.00Tonight Introduced by Cliff Michelmore

19.35Compact
Soap by the creators of Crossroads based at a magazine office


20.00Comedy Playhouse

20.25The Good Old Days
Old-Time Music-Hall from the stage of the City Varieties Theatre, Leeds, with The Beverley Sisters and Ray Alan & Lord Charles introduced by Leonard Sachs


21.15News

21.25International Film Season: Vento del Sud (South Wind)
Italian film with English sub-titles


23.00News Extra, Weather


BBC TWO

11.00Play School

17.00Cricket
England v. New Zealand Second Test. Second day’s play at Lord’s


19.27News

19.30Professional Golf
A series of eight three-ball matches featuring the world’s most famous golfing trio
Arnold Palmer, Jack Nicklaus and Gary Player


20.15Encore A Local Boy by Alun Owen

21.15Dudley Moore In Off Beat ..

21.45Newsroom and Weather

22.05Westminster At Work
Ian Trethowan looks back over the past week in Parliament


22.30Late Night Line-Up



REDDIFUSION


11.15For Schools

11.55Closedown

14.05For Schools

14.25Closedown

16.20Crossroads

16.45Huff Puff Junction

17.00Junior Criss Cross Quiz

17.25Yogi Bear

17.55News from ITN

18.08Ready, Steady, Go!
CathyMcGowan introduces The Marvelettes, Them and Solomon Burke

19.00Sing a Song of Sixpence
Ronan O’Casey with Anne Nightingale invites you to team up with guest celebrities and play anew musical quiz game that tests your knowledge of song lyrics.

19.30Emergency-Ward 10

20.00Rawhide
Western series

20.55News

21.10Cinema
Derek Granger looks at what goes in the film business, reports on the action and introduces scenes from the pictures of today and tomorrow

21.40The Man in Room 17

22.35News Headlines

22.37Design for Living

23.05Theatre People

23.37Dateline Westminster

23.5520th Century Pilgrims

1967: Jack Nicklaus shoots a final round 65 for a new tournament record 275, to win the US Open four strokes ahead of Arnold Palmer.

1968: The US Supreme Court bans racial discrimination in the sale and rental of housing.

1969: Singles chart:

  1. The Ballad Of John And Yoko – The Beatles
  2. Oh Happy Day – The Edwin Hawkins Singers
  3. Dizzy – Tommy Roe
  4. Time Is Tight – Booker T & The MGs
  5. Living In The Past – Jethro Tull
  6. Get Back – The Beatles
  7. My Way – Frank Sinatra
  8. Big Ship – Cliff Richard
  9. In The Ghetto – Elvis Presley
  10. The Boxer – Simon and Garfunkel

1970: The Conservatives win the General Election with Edward Heath becoming Prime Minister.

1971: Social Democratic and Labour Party and Nationalist Members of Parliament refuse to attend the state opening The Northern Ireland parliament at Stormont.

1972: A flight from London Heathrow to Brussels crashes in a field in Staines minutes after take-off, killing all 118 people on board. On the same day, three members of the British Army are killed by an IRA bomb in a derelict house near Lurgan, County Down, and West German beats the Soviet Union 3-0 in Brussels to win the European Championship.

1973: Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev visits the US and meets with President Richard Nixon.


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1977: Johnny Rotten and Paul Cook of The Sex Pistols are attacked in a car park outside a London pub.

1979: US President Jimmy Carter and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev sign Salt II, the first arms reduction treaty between the two super powers.

1981: A vaccine is announced to prevent hoof & mouth disease. On the same day, the AIDS epidemic is formally recognized by medical professionals in San Francisco.

1983: Sally Ride becomes the first US woman in space aboard the Shuttle Mission Challenger 2.

1984: Fuzzy Zoeller beats Greg Norman to win the US Open golf title.

1990: The first sudden death US Open Golf Championship is won by Hale Irwin.

1991: Boris Yeltsin, President of Russia, arrives in the US.

1993: A&M Records chairman Jerry Moss and vice-chairman Herb Alpert announce they are leaving the company they founded more than 30 years earlier. They had sold the label in 1990 to Polygram for $500 million. Moss and Alpert started the label in the garage of trumpeter Alpert’s Los Angeles home in 1962.

1995: Norway defeats Germany 2-0 to win the FIFA Women’s World Cup in Stockholm.

1996: Ted Kaczynski, suspected of being the Unabomber, is indicted on ten criminal counts in the US.

1999: Police and protesters clash at a demonstration against capitalism in the centre of London’s financial district.

2000: Tiger Woods wins his first US Open by a major championship record-setting 15 strokes over Ernie Els and Ángel Jiménez.

2005: David Tennant makes his first appearance as the tenth Doctor in the BBC series “Doctor Who”.

2007: Comedian and Manchester’s Embassy Club owner Bernard Manning dies aged 76.

2010: John Lennon’s handwritten lyrics to the song A Day In The Life sold for $1.2m at an auction at Sotheby’s in New York.

2011: Clarence Clemons, iconic saxophonist with Bruce Springsteen’s E Street Band dies aged 68.

2013: Russia passes a law banning foreign same-sex couples from adopting children.

2014: Actor Sir Ian KcKellen is awarded an honorary degree by Cambridge University, becoming a Doctor of Letters. On the same day, King Juan Carlos of Spain abdicates in favour of his son Felipe VI.

2016: British astronaut Tim Peake returns to Earth from the International Space Station.

2018: President Donald Trump orders the US military to set up a sixth branch of the military – a space force.

2019: An international tribunal in London rules that China has been forcefully harvesting organs from marginalized groups in prison camps. On the same day, two 14 year-old boys become the youngest in Irish history to be convicted of murder when found guilty of the murder and sexual assault of a 14 year-old girl in Dublin.

2020: Singer Dame Vera Lynn dies at her home in East Sussex aged 103.

2021: Wolf Alice – Blue Weekend

2021: Album chart:

  1. Back The Way We Came Vol 1 – Noel Gallagher’s High Flying Birds
  2. Sour – Olivia Rodrigo
  3. Hall Of Fame – Polo G
  4. Blue Weekend – Wolf Alice
  5. No Gods No Masters – Garbage
  6. Inside (The Songs) – Bo Burnham
  7. What’s Your Pleasure – Jessie Ware
  8. Future Nostalgia – Dua Lipa
  9. Culture III – Migos
  10. Life By Misadventure – Rag n Bone Man

BIRTHDAYS: Delia Smith, TV cook/majority shareholder Norwich City FC, 81; Sir Paul McCartney, singer-songwriter, 80; Thabo Mbeki, former president of South Africa, 80; Fabio Capello, footballer/manager, 76; Linda Thorson, actress, 75; Carol Kane, actress, 70; Isabella Rossellini, actress. 70; Brian Benben, actor, 66; Ralph Brown, actor, 65; Alison Moyet, singer-songwriter, 61; Simon Rowbottom, guitarist (The Boo Radleys) 53; Katie Derham, TV presenter, 52; Jason McAteer, footballer, 51; Gary Stringer, vocalist (Reef) 49; Ray Lamontagne, singer-songwriter, 49; Blake Shelton, country artist/US TV personality, 46; Kevin Bishop, actor/comedian, 42; Richard Madden, actor, 36; Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang, footballer, 33; Willa Holland, actress, 31.