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1264: The Parliament of Ireland meets at Castledermot in Co Kildare, the first definitively known meeting of this Irish legislature.
1812: The US declares war against Britain.
1815: Napoleon is defeated by British forces under Wellington and Prussian troops under Blucher at the Battle of Waterloo.
1894: Prime Minister the Earl of Roseberry declares Uganda a British protectorate.
1898: The first amusement pier opens in Atlantic City, New Jersey.
1900: Empress Douairiere orders I-Ho-Chuan (Boxers) to kill all foreigners.
1928: Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean landing at Burry Port, Wales. On the same day, Norwegian polar explorer Roald Amundsen, who led the first expedition to the South Pole, dies aged 55 in a plane crash while on a rescue mission in the Arctic.
1936: The Polish parliament gives President Ignacy Mościcki dictatorial power. On the same day, Russian writer Maxim Gorky dies aged 68.
1940: General Charles de Gaulle goes on the BBC to tell the French to defy Nazi occupiers. On the same day, Winston Churchill gave his “this was their finest hour” speech to the House of Commons, urging perseverance during the Battle of Britain.
1941: Joe Louis KOs Billy Conn in Round 13 to retain the heavyweight boxing title. On the same day, Turkey signs a peace treaty with nazi Germany.
1945: William Joyce (German radio propagandist Lord Haw-Haw) is charged with treason.
1948: Columbia Records started the first mass production of the 33-RPM long player. The new format could contain a maximum of 23 minutes of music per side versus the three minutes that could be squeezed on to a 78 RPM disc. On the same day, the US National Security Council authorizes covert operations for the first time.
1951: Charles de Gaulle wins the French parliamentary election.
1953: Egypt is proclaimed a republic, General Mohamed Neguib becomes president.
1959: Governor of Louisiana Earl K. Long is committed to a state mental hospital. He responds by having the hospital’s director fired and replaced with a crony who proceeds to proclaim him perfectly sane.
1960: Arnold Palmer stages the greatest comeback in US Open history, pulling back a seven-stroke final round deficit to win the title by two strokes ahead of Jack Nicklaus.
1967: Jack Nicklaus shoots a final round 65 for a new tournament record 275, to win the US Open four strokes ahead of Arnold Palmer.
1968: The US Supreme Court bans racial discrimination in the sale and rental of housing.
1970: The Conservatives win the General Election with Edward Heath becoming Prime Minister.
1971: Social Democratic and Labour Party and Nationalist Members of Parliament refuse to attend the state opening The Northern Ireland parliament at Stormont.
1972: Jack Nicklaus captures his third US Open title. On the same day, a BEA Trident crashes after take off from Heathrow killing 118, three members of the British Army are killed by an IRA bomb in a derelict house near Lurgan, County Down, and West German beats the Soviet Union 3-0 in Brussels to win the European Championship.
1973: Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev visits the US and meets with President Richard Nixon.
1977: Johnny Rotten and Paul Cook of The Sex Pistols were attacked in a car park outside a London pub.
1979: US President Jimmy Carter and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev sign the SALT II treaty limiting nuclear weapons.
1981: A vaccine is announced to prevent hoof & mouth disease. On the same day, the AIDS epidemic is formally recognized by medical professionals in San Francisco.
1983: Sally Ride becomes the first US woman in space aboard the Shuttle Mission Challenger 2.
1984: Fuzzy Zoeller beats Greg Norman to win the US Open golf title.
1990: The first sudden death US Open Golf Championship is won by Hale Irwin.
1991: Boris Yeltsin, President of Russia, arrives in the US.
1993: A&M Records chairman Jerry Moss and vice-chairman Herb Alpert announced they were leaving the company they founded more than 30 years earlier. They had sold the label in 1990 to Polygram for $500 million. Moss and Alpert started the label in the garage of trumpeter Alpert’s Los Angeles home in 1962.
1995: Norway defeats Germany 2-0 to win the FIFA Women’s World Cup in Stockholm.
1996: Ted Kaczynski, suspected of being the Unabomber, is indicted on ten criminal counts in the US.
2000: Tiger Woods wins his first US Open by a major championship record-setting 15 strokes over Ernie Els and Ángel Jiménez.
2005: David Tennant makes his first appearance as the tenth Doctor in the BBC series “Doctor Who”.
2007: Comedian and Manchester club owner Bernard Manning dies aged 76.
2010: John Lennon’s handwritten lyrics to the song “A Day In The Life” sold for $1.2m (£810,000) at an auction at Sotheby’s in New York.
2011: Clarence Clemons, iconic saxophonist with Bruce Springsteen’s E Street Band dies aged 68.
2013: Russia passes a law banning foreign same-sex couples from adopting children.
2014: Actor Sir Ian KcKellen is awarded an honorary degree by Cambridge University, becoming a Doctor of Letters. On the same day, King Juan Carlos of Spain abdicates in favour of his son Felipe VI.
2016: British astronaut Tim Peake returns to Earth from the International Space Station.
2018: President Donald Trump orders the US military to set up a sixth branch of the military – a space force.
2019: An international tribunal in London rules that China has been forcefully harvesting organs from marginalized groups in prison camps. On the same day, two 14 year-old boys become the youngest in Irish history to be convicted of murder when found guilty of the murder and sexual assault of a 14 year-old girl in Dublin.
BIRTHDAYS: Delia Smith, TV chef/chairman Norwich City FC, 79; Sir Paul McCartney, musician/composer/singer, 78; Fabio Capello, football coach, 74; Carol Kane, actress, 68; Isabella Rossellini, actress, 68; Brian Benben, actor, 64; Alison Moyet, singer, 59; Gary Stringer, vocalist (Reef) 47; Blake Shelton, country artist, 44; Ri.chard Madden, actor, 34; Willa Holland, actress, 31.