987: Louis IV is crowned king of France.
1306: The Earl of Pembroke’s army defeats Robert the Bruce’s Scottish army at the Battle of Methven.
1566: Birth of James I (James VI of Scotland) in Edinburgh.
1623: Birth of French mathematician, physicist and philosopher Blaise Pascal.
1790: The National Assembly issues a decree abolishing the titles, orders and other privileges of the French nobility.
1829: Sir Robert Peel introduces the Metropolitan Police Act 1829 into Parliament to establish a unified police force for London.
1867: Maximillian I, Emperor of Mexico, is executed by firing squad.
1875: The Herzegovinian rebellion against the Ottoman Empire begins.
1896: Birth of Wallis Simpson (Duchess of Windsor).
1900: The US Republican Party nominates President William McKinley for re-election, but chooses a new candidate for Vice-President, Theodore Roosevelt.
1913: The Natives Land Act, Act No 27 is passed in South Africa which confines Africans to hopelessly overcrowded reserves and deprives them of rights to purchase land outside the native reserves.
1914: Harry Vardon wins a record sixth British Open golf title at Prestwick.
1917: On the authority of George V, the Royal Family renounces its German names and titles and adopts the name Windsor.
1922: “Flying Finn” Paavo Nurmi runs a world record 5000m (14:28.2).
1924: Paavo Nurmi runs world record 1500m (3:52.6).
1933: The Austrian government bans Nazi organizations.
1936: Max Schmeling KOs up-and-coming American heavyweight Joe Louis at Yankee Stadium, New York.
1937: Franco’s troops conquer the Bilbao Basques.
1938: Italy beats Hungary, 4-1 to win the World Cup in Paris.
1942: Marilyn Monroe, aged 16, marries first husband, policeman James Dougherty.
1944: Japanese troops conquer Changsha China.
1953: Ethel and Julius Rosenberg are the first US citizens to be executed for espionage at Sing Sing Prison in New York.
- I Believe – Frankie Laine
- Pretend – Nat King Cole
- Hold Me Thrill Me Kiss Me – Muriel Smith
- I’m Walking Behind You – Eddie Fisher and Sally Sweetland
- Terry’s Theme From Limelight – Frank Chacksfield
- Downhearted – Eddie Fisher
- The Sing From The Moulin Rouge – Mantovani
- Terry’s Theme From Limelight – Ron Goodwin
- In A Golden Coach (There’s A Heart Of Gold) – Billy Cotton and his Band
- Tell Me A Story – Jimmy Boyd and Frankie Laine
1956: Jerry Lewis ends his partnership with Dean Martin after 16 films.
1958: Brazil beat Wales 1-0 in the quarter finals of the World Cup with a goal from 17-year old Pele.
1961: Kuwait declares independence from the UK.
1964: Martha and the Vandellas record Dancing in the Street at Hitsville USA in Detroit.
1965: The Who, Solomon Burke, Zoot Money, Cliff Bennett & The Rebel Rousers, John Mayall’s Bluesbreakers, Spencer Davis Group, Marianne Faithful and Long John Baldry appeared at Uxbridge Blues Festival. On the same day a coup in Algeria under colonel Houari Boumedienne ousts President Ben Bella.
1967: Paul McCartney admits to having taken LSD in an interview on British TV, much to the bemusement of John Lennon and George Harrison, who had already been taking it for more than a year.
1971: The mayor of Columbus, Georgia declares a state of emergency due to racial disturbances.
1972: Secretary of State for Northern Ireland William Whitelaw concedes ‘special category’ status, or ‘political status’ for paramilitary prisoners in Northern Ireland.
1975: An inquest jury decides Lord Lucan murdered the 29-year-old nanny of his three young children on November 7, 1974. On the same day, mobster Sam Giancana dies in a gangland hit.
1976: Viking 1 goes into Martian orbit after a 10-month flight from Earth. On the same day, young ‘Steve’ Morrissey has a letter published in music magazine Record Mirror and Disc asking the editor why the paper had not included any stories on The Sex Pistols.
1977: A day after being attacked in a pub car park, Paul Cook of The Sex Pistols is beaten up outside Shepherd’s Bush underground by six men wielding knives and iron bars.
1978: Cricketer Ian Botham becomes the first man in the history of the game to score a century and take eight wickets in one innings of a Test match against Pakistan in the second Cornhill Test. On the same day, Garfield, created by Jim Davis first appears as a comic strip.
1980: Iraqi security forces shoot dead three gunmen who attacked the British embassy in Baghdad. On the same day, a battle between police and demonstrators in Capetown, South Africa, results in 34 deaths.
1982: Roberto Calvi, a senior Italian banker, is found dead under Blackfriars Bridge in London more than a week after he went missing from Milan.
1987: An ETA bomb attack in Barcelona kills 15.
1991: Two of Mia Farrow’s daughters are arrested for shoplifting lingerie. On the same day, Columbian drug lord Pablo Escobar surrenders to police.
1992: Evander Holyfield defeats Larry Holmes for the world heavyweight boxing title.
1993: Author William Golding dies aged 81.
1999: Horror writer Stephen King is hit by a van in Lovell, Maine. He suffers numerous injuries including a collapsed right lung, multiple fractures of his right leg, scalp laceration and a broken hip. On the same day, Prince Edward marries Sophie Rhys-Jones at Windsor Castle.
2005: Michael Schumacher wins a controversial US Grand Prix where only six of 20 cars complete the race amid ridicule of F1 safety and tyre rules.
- X & Y – Coldplay
- In Your Honour – Foo Fighters
- Back To Bedlam – James Blunt
- Don’t Believe The Truth – Oasis
- Forever Faithless: The Greatest Hits – Faithless
- All Over The World: The Very Best Of – ELO
- The Magic Numbers – The Magic Numbers
- The War Of The Worlds – Jeff Wayne
- Demon Days – Gorillaz
- Get Behind Me Satan – The White Stripes
2011: Amy Winehouse is booed by crowds in Serbia’s capital Belgrade after appearing to be too drunk to perform. On the same day, golfer Rory McIlroy wins the US Open.
2012: A man is beheaded for witchcraft and sorcery in Saudi Arabia.
2013: Country & Western star Slim Whitman dies aged 90. On the same day, actor James Gandolfini dies from a heart attack aged 51.
2014: Lyricist Gerry Goffin dies aged 75.
2016: Actor Anton Yelchin dies aged 27 when his vehicle rolls back and crushes him on his driveway.
2017: Russia warns the US it will target US and allied aircraft over Syria after a US fighter shoots down a Syrian warplane. On the same day, Brexit negotiations begin between the UK and the European Union in Brussels.
2018: England smash the highest score (481/6) in one day international cricket history in a 242 run defeat of Australia (239) at Trent Bridge, Nottingham. On the same day, Canada’s Senate votes to legalise recreational marijuana use, the first major economy to do so.
2019: Senators receive a classified briefing on possible UFO sightings by the US Navy.
BIRTHDAYS: Thelma Barlow, actress, 93; Gena Rowlands, actress, 92; Aung San Suu Kyi, Burmese politician, 77; Jimmy Greenhoff, footballer, 76; Sir Salmann Rushdie, author, 75; Phylicia Rashād, actress/stage director, 74; Ann Wilson, singer (Heart) 72; Kathleen (Mary) Turner, actress, 68; Maxi Jazz (Maxwell Fraser), rapper, (Faithless), 65; Luke Morley, guitarist (Thunder) 62; Charlie Stayt, journalist/TV presenter, 60; Rory Underwood, rugby international, 59; Paula Abdul, singer/dancer, 59; Boris Johnson, Prime Minister, 58; Sadie Frost, actress, 57; Mia Sara (Sarapochiello), actress, 55; Jean Dujardin, actor, 50; Hugh Dancy, actor, 47; Zoë Saldaña (Nazario), actress, 44; Macklemore (Ben Haggerty), rapper, 39; Aidan Turner, actor, 39; Mark Selby, snooker star, 39; Paul Dano, actor, 38; Helen George, actress, 38; Beattie Edmondson, actress, 35.