455: King Gaiseric and the Vandals sack Rome.
575: Benedict I begins his reign as Pope.
1740: Birth of the Marquis de Sade in Paris.
1780: An anti-Catholic demonstration attacks the Houses of Parliament.
1840: Birth of poet and novelist Thomas Hardy in Dorset.
1857: Birth of composer Edward Elgar in Worcs.
1862: Gen Robert E Lee takes command of the Confederate armies of North Virginia during the American Civil War.
1875: Inventor of the telephone, Alexander Graham Bell makes first sound transmission.
1882: Death of Italian general and nationalist Guiseppe Garibaldi aged 77.
1896: Gugliemo Marconi applies to patent the radio.
1916: German troops launch an attack on Fort Vaux with flamethrowers during th.e Battle of Verdun.
1917: Canadian flying ace Billy Bishop undertakes a solo mission behind enemy lines, shooting down three aircraft as they are about to take off and several more on the ground, for which he is awarded the Victoria Cross.
1919: Albert Einstein marries his cousin Elsa Lowenthal.
1920: The Pulitzer prize is awarded to Eugene O’Neill for “Beyond The Horizon”.
1924: US President Calvin Coolidge signs the Indian Citizenship Act, declaring all Native Americans to be American citizens.
1935: Britain’s Fred Perry wins his only French tennis title, beating Gottfried von Cramm of Germany 6-3, 3-6, 6-1, 6-3.
1943: German assault on Sebastopol, Crimea, begins.
1953: The coronation of Queen Elizabeth II at Westminster Abbey.
1959: Allen Ginsberg writes his poem “Lysergic Acid”.
1962: Death of author and poet Vita Sackville-West aged 70
1970: Racing driver and founder of the McLaren team, Bruce McLaren, dies in a car crash aged 32.
1972: Two British soldiers die in an IRA land mine attack near Rosslea, County Fermanagh.
1975: First recorded snowfall in London in June
1979: Pope John Paul II visits his native Poland, becoming the first pontiff to visit a communist country.
1981: American journalist Barbara Walters asks Katherine Hepburn: “If you were a tree, what kind of tree would you be?”
1987: Death of classical guitarist/composer Andres Segovia aged 94.
1989: Rolling Stone Bill Wyman secretly married 19-year-old Mandy Smith. Wyman’s 28-year-old son was best man. On the same day, 10,000 Chinese soldiers are blocked by 100,000 citizens in Tiananmen Square, Beijing, protecting students demonstrating for democracy.
1990: Actor Rex Harrison dies aged 82.
1994: A Chinook helicopter crashes in North Scotland. 29 die.
1997: Jazz trumpeter Aldophus “Doc” Cheatham dies from a stroke aged 91.
1999: Junior Braithwaite from The Wailers was shot dead aged 46.
2003: The European Space Agency’s Mars Express probe launches from the Baikonur space centre in Kazakhstan.
2005: Franz Ferdinand frontman, Alex Kapranos was detained by Russian police after being suspected of being a spy. Kapranos was attempting to board a plane in Moscow travelling under his actual surname, Huntley the name used by actual former MI6 agent Richard Tomlinson who did steal secrets in the early 90s.
2008: Bo Diddley died of heart failure aged 79.
2014: The unity government is sworn into power in Palestine; it agrees to the following: recognition of Israel, compliance to diplomatic agreements, renunciation of violence.
2015: FIFA President Sepp Blatter announces his resignation, 5 days after his re-election, amid FIFA’s involvement in a bribery scandal.
2017: Death of actor Peter Sallis aged 96. On the same day, Gotham actor Ben McKenzie marries co-star Morena Baccarin in New York.
BIRTHDAYS: Sally Kellerman, actress, 83; Charlie Watts, drummer (Rolling Stones) 79; Stacy Keach, actor, 79; Craig Stadler, golfer, 67; Dennis Haysbert, actor, 66; Dana Carvey, comedian, 65; Mark Lawrenson, football pundit, 63; Michael Steele, bassist (The Bangles) 61; Tony Hadley, singer (Spandau Ballet) 60; Liam Cunningham, actor, 59; John Culshaw, impressionist, 52; Wentworth Miller, actor, 48; Tim Rice-Oxley, pianist (Keane), 44; Zachary Quinto, actor, 43; Dominic Cooper, actor, 42; Fabrizio Moreti, drummer (The Strokes) 40; Sergio Aguero, footballer, 32.