1377: Death of Edward III aged 64.
1529: Catherine of Aragon speaks against her marriage’s annulment to Henry VIII at the Blackfriars Legatine Court.
1607: The first Protestant Episcopal parish in America is established at Jamestown.
1672: French troops under Louis XIV occupy Utrecht.
1684: Charles II revokes the Massachusetts Bay Colony charter.
1788: The US Constitution comes into effect when New Hampshire is the ninth state to ratify it.
1854: The first Victoria Cross is awarded during the bombardment of Bomarsund in the Aland Islands during the Crimean War.
1868: Wagner’s opera “Meistersinger von Nuernberg” premieres in Munich.
1879: Frank W. Woolworth opens his 1st successful “F. W. Woolworth Great Five Cent Store” in Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
1893: The first Ferris wheel appears at Chicago’s Columbian Exposition.
1895: The government of Lord Roseberry falls.
1905: Birth of existentialist philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre in Paris.
1908: Death of Russian composer Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov aged 64.
1919: The German Navy, feeling betrayed by the terms of the Versailles Treaty, scuttles most of its ships interned at Scapa Flow in the Orkneys.
1921: The UK, the Dominions, and India, become the British Commonwealth of Nations.
1932: Max Schmeling loses NYSAC, NBA and lineal heavyweight boxing titles in a controversial split points decision to American Jack Sharkey in New York.
1945: The Japanese island of Okinawa falls to American forces after a long and bloody battle.
1948: The first stored computer program runs on Manchester Mark I at a laboratory in Manchester University. On the same day, Lord Mountbatten resigns as Governor General of India.
1959: Album chart:
- South Pacific – Original Soundtrack
- Gigi – Original Soundtrack
- Come Dance With Me – Frank Sinatra
- My Fair Lady – Original Broadway Cast
- The Buddy Holly Story – Buddy Holly and the Crickets
- Curtain Up – Various Artists
- Cliff – Cliff Richard and the Drifters
- Elvis’ Golden Records – Elvis Presley
- Songs From Tom Lehrer – Tom Lehrer
- The King And I – Original Soundtrack
1960: German sprinter Armin Hary runs world record 100m in exactly 10 seconds.
1962: Singles chart:
- Good Luck Charm – Elvis Presley
- Come Outside – Mike Sarne with Wendy Richard
- Do You Want To Dance – Cliff Richard
- A Picture Of You – Joe Brown
- Ginny Come Lately – Brian Hyland
- Last Night Was Made For Love – Billy Fury
- I Don’t Know Why – Eden Kane
- As You Like It – Adam Faith
- Nut Rocker – B Bumble and the Stingers
- Green Leaves Of Summer – Kenny Ball and his Jazzmen
1963: Pope Paul VI (Giobanni Batista Montini) succeeds Pope John XXIII.
1964: Byron De La Beckwith arrested for the murder of civil rights activist Medger Evers. He is not found guilty until 30 years later. On the same day, civil rights workers, Michael Schwerner, Andrew Goodman and James Chaney, disappear after being released from a Mississippi jail. They are later found to have been murdered by members of the Ku Klux Klan. Also, Spain beat the Soviet Union, 2-1 to win the European Championship in Madrid.
1965: Gary Player wins the US Open.
1966: Reg Calvert, manager of The Fortunes and Screaming Lord Sutch and the owner of offshore pirate radio station Radio City was shot dead by business rival William Smedley during a confrontation. Smedley was the owner of Radio Caroline and was later cleared of murder. On the same day, working at EMI Studios in Abbey road, The Beatles record from start to finish the John Lennon song She Said She Said and Tom Jones needed 14 stitches in his forehead after his Jaguar was involved in a car crash at Marble Arch.
1968: A Government-appointed report says the Egg Marketing Board should be scrapped and an independent authority established in its place.
1969: Maureen Connolly, American tennis player who won the first women’s Grand Slam in 1953, dies of ovarian cancer at 34.
1970: Brazil featuring Pele, Tostao, Jairzinho, Rivelino, Carlos Alberto and Gerson, beat Italy 4-1 at the Azteca Stadium in Mexico to win the World Cup for the third time. As a result they get to keep the Jules Rimet Trophy. On the same day, Tony Jacklin shoots sub-par in all four rounds on his way to US Open victory.
1971: Lee Trevino wins his second US Open by three strokes in a Monday 18-hole playoff with Jack Nicklaus.
1975: Richie Blackmore quits Deep Purple.
1977: Johnny Rotten of The Sex Pistols is attacked outside Dingwalls in Camden.
1978: Three Provisional IRA bombers and a passer by are killed in a shoot-out between Provisional IRA bombers and British security forces at the Ballysillan post office depot in Belfast. On the same day, Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice’s musical Evita premieres in London.
1980: Orchestra leader and songwriter Bert Kaempfert dies aged 56.
1982: Princess Diana gives birth to Prince William. On the same day, John Hinkley is found not guilty of attempting to assassinate US President Ronald Reagan by reason of insanity.
1986: Bob Geldof marries broadcaster Paula Yates in Las Vegas.
1992: Ian Botham and Alan Lamb retire from test cricket.
2001: Blues singer and guitarist John Lee Hooker dies in his sleep aged 83.
2002: Lennox Lewis retains the WBC world Heavyweight title with an eight round knockout over Mike Tyson.
2006: Pluto’s newly discovered moons are officially named Nix and Hydra.
2015: At 21, Jordan Spieth becomes the youngest winner of the US Open since 1923.
2016: Trumpeter Wayne Jackson of the Memphis Horns dies of congestive heart failure at the age of 74.
2018: New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Arden becomes the second world leader to give birth in office.
2019: Police are called to the house of Tory leadership contender Boris Johnson over an alleged altercation with his girlfriend Carrie Symonds. On the same day, Singer-songwriter Neil Young’s manager Elliot Roberts dies aged 76.
2020: Saudi Arabia bans international visitors from making the Islamic Hajj pilgrimage due to COVID-19.
BIRTHDAYS: Lalo Schifrin, composer/arranger, 89; Sir Ray Davies, singer-songwriter (The Kinks), 77; Baroness Hoey, politician, 75; Sir Malcolm Rifkind, former cabinet minister, 75; Joey Molland, guitarist (Badfinger) 74; Joey Kramer, drummer, (Aerosmith) 71; Nils Lofgren, guitarist/singer (The E Street Band) 68; Michel Platini, footballer, 66; Mark Brzezicki, drummer, (Big Country) 64; Marcella Detroit (Levy), singer-songwriter (Shakespeare’s Sister/Eric Clapton), 62; John Baron, MP for Basildon and Billericay, 62; David Morrissey, actor, 57; Dean Saunders, football manager, 57; Lana Wachowsky, director, 56; Sonique (Sonia Clarke) DJ/singer, 53; Juliette Lewis, actress, 48; Chris Pratt, actor, 42; Brandon Flowers, singer-songwriter/musician (The Killers) 40; Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, 39; Lana Del Rey (Elizabeth Grant), singer-songwriter, 36; Varun Chopra, cricketer, 34; Harriet Kemsley, comedian, 34.