1377: Death of Edward III aged 64.
1529: Catherine of Aragon speaks against her marriage’s annulment to Henry VIII at the Blackfriars Legatine Court.
1607: The first Protestant Episcopal parish in America is established at Jamestown.
1672: French troops under Louis XIV occupy Utrecht.
1684: Charles II revokes the Massachusetts Bay Colony charter.
1788: The US Constitution comes into effect when New Hampshire is the ninth state to ratify it.
1854: The first Victoria Cross is awarded during the bombardment of Bomarsund in the Aland Islands during the Crimean War.
1868: Wagner’s opera “Meistersinger von Nuernberg” premieres in Munich.
1879: Frank W. Woolworth opens his 1st successful “F. W. Woolworth Great Five Cent Store” in Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
1893: The first Ferris wheel appears at Chicago’s Columbian Exposition.
1895: The government of Lord Roseberry falls.
1905: Birth of existentialist philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre in Paris.
1908: Death of Russian composer Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov aged 64.
1919: The German Navy, feeling betrayed by the terms of the Versailles Treaty, scuttles most of its ships interned at Scapa Flow in the Orkneys.
1921: The UK, the Dominions, and India, become the British Commonwealth of Nations.
1932: Max Schmeling loses NYSAC, NBA and lineal heavyweight boxing titles in a controversial split points decision to American Jack Sharkey in New York.
1945: Japanese forces are finally defeated on Okinawa.
1948: Columbia Records launches a new disc that plays at 33and a third RPM, which becomes the industry standard. On the same day, the first stored computer program runs on Manchester Mark I at a laboratory in Manchester University and Lord Mountbatten resigns as Governor General of India.
1960: German sprinter Armin Hary runs world record 100m in exactly 10 seconds.
1963: Pope Paul VI (Giobanni Batista Montini) succeeds Pope John XXIII.
1964: Byron De La Beckwith arrested for the murder of civil rights activist Medger Evers. He is not found guilty until 30 years later. On the same day, civil rights workers, Michael Schwerner, Andrew Goodman and James Chaney, disappear after being released from a Mississippi jail. They are later found murdered by members of the Ku Klux Klan and Spain beats Soviet Union, 2-1 to win the European Championship in Madrid.
1965: Gary Player wins the US Open.
1966: Reg Calvert, manager of The Fortunes, Screaming Lord Such and the owner of offshore pirate radio station Radio City was shot dead by business rival William Smedley during a confrontation. Smedley was the owner of pirate station Radio Caroline. He was later cleared of murder. On the same day, The Beatles recorded She Said, She Said from start to finish at EMI Studios in Abbey Road, Jimmy Page made his live debut with The Yardbirds at The Marquee and Tom Jones needed 14 stitches in his forehead after his Jaguar was involved in a car crash at Marble Arch.
1969: Maureen Connolly, American tennis player who won the first women’s Grand Slam in 1953, dies of ovarian cancer at 34.
1970: Tony Jacklin shoots sub-par in all 4 rounds on his way to US Open victory. On the same day, the legendary Brazil team featuring Pele, Tostao, Jairzinho, Rivelino, Carlos Alberto and Gerson beat Italy 4-1 to win the World Cup for a third time in Mexico.
1971: Lee Trevino wins his second US Open by three strokes in a Monday 18-hole playoff with Jack Nicklaus.
1975: Guitarist Ritchie Blackmore quit Deep Purple to form Rainbow.
1978: Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice’s musical Evita premieres in London. On the same day, the British Army shoots dead three Provisional IRA volunteers and a passing UVF member at a postal depot on Ballysillan Road, Belfast.
1980: The Stranglers are arrested after a concert at Nice University for allegedly starting a riot. On the same day, bandleader Bert Kaempfert died aged 56.
1982: John Hinkley is found not guilty of attempting to assassinate US President Ronald Reagan by reason of insanity.
1986: Bob Geldof marries broadcaster Paula Yates in Las Vegas.
1992: Ian Botham and Alan Lamb retire from test cricket.
2001: Blues singer and guitarist John Lee Hooker died in his sleep aged 83.
2002: Lennox Lewis retains the WBC world Heavyweight title with an eight round knockout over Mike Tyson.
2006: Pluto’s newly discovered moons are officially named Nix and Hydra.
2015: At 21, Jordan Spieth becomes the youngest winner of the US Open since 1923.
2016: Trumpeter Wayne Jackson, who formed the Memphis Horns duo with saxophonist Andrew Love, dies of congestive heart failure at the age of 74.
2018: New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Arden becomes the second world leader to give birth in office.
BIRTHDAYS: Lalo Schifrin, soundtrack composer, 88; Sir Bernard Inghan, former political advisor, 88; John Edrich, former cricketer, 83; Sir Ray Davies, singer/songwriter (The Kinks) 76; Joey Kramer, drummer (Aerosmith) 70; Nils Lofgren, guitarist/singer (The E Street Band) 67; Michel Platini, former footballer and president of EUFA, 65; Mark Brzezicki, drummer (Big Country) 63; Marcella Detroit, singer (Shakespeare’s Sister) 61; David Morrissey, actor, 56; Lana Wachowski, film director, 55; Pat Sansone, musician (Wilco) 51; Juliette Lewis, actress, 47; Chris Pratt, actor, 41; Brandon Flowers, singer (The Killers) 39; Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, 38; Lana Del Rey (Elizabeth Grant) 35.