168BC: Romans under Lucius Aemilius Paullus defeat and capture Macedonian King Perseus, ending the Third Macedonian War.
1377: Richard II succeeds Edward III as king of England.
1535: Cardinal John Fisher is beheaded on Tower Hill, London, for refusing to acknowledge Henry VIII as head of the Church of England.
1611: Explorer Henry Hudson is set adrift in Hudson Bay by mutineers on his ship Discovery and never seen again.
1633: Galileo Galilei is forced by the Pope to recant his Copernican views that the Earth orbits the Sun. The Vatican doesn’t admit it was wrong until 1992).
1675: The Royal Observatory at Greenwich is established by Charles II.
1745: Bonnie Prince Charlie (Charles Stuart) sails to Scotland.
1815: Napoleon abdicates for a second time after defeat at the Battle of Waterloo.
1825: Parliament abolishes feudalism and the seigneurial system in British North America.
1865: The first class cricket debut of Dr W G Grace.
1868: Arkansas re-joins the US.
1874: The game of lawn tennis is introduced.
1900: Practically the whole foreign community in Peking, including many Chinese Christians, retreat to British compounds during the Boxer Rebellion.
1911: George V is crowned King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Canada, Australia, South Africa, New Zealand, and all his realms and territories beyond the sea.
1921: Paavo Nurmi runs world record 10,000m (30:40.2).
1934: On his 31st birthday, bank robber John Dillinger is named America’s first Public Enemy Number One.
1937: Joe Louis KOs James J Braddock in Round 18 for his first heavyweight boxing title.
1938: Joe Louis scores a stunning first round KO of German Max Schmeling at Yankee Stadium, NYC to retain his world heavyweight boxing title.
Just how good was Joe Louis? – Watch from 1.44 for the answer.
1939: Princess Elizabeth meets future husband Philip of Greece for the first time.
1941: Nazi Germany and its allies invade the Soviet Union. On the same day, an uprising in Lithuania begins, resulting in the collapse of the Soviet occupation, but replaced with invading German forces shortly after.
1949: Ezzard Charles beats Jersey Joe Walcott in 15 rounds for the NBA World Heavyweight title.
1962: “A Kind of Loving” wins the Golden Bear at the Berlin International Film Festival.
1965: Freddie Trueman ends his Test cricket career, v New Zealand at Lord’s.
1969: Actress/singer Judy Garland dies of a barbiturate overdose aged 47.
1970: Irish socialist, republican and Member of Parliament, Bernadette Devlin, loses her appeal against a 6-month prison sentence imposed for taking part in riots in Derry.
1971: The second Glastonbury Festival takes place over five days to coincide with the summer solstice. Acts include Melanie, David Bowie, Gong, Hawkwind, Family and Traffic.
1972: The IRA announces that it will call a ceasefire from June 26, provided that there is a “reciprocal response” from the security forces.
1975: The UVF try to derail a train by planting a bomb on the railway line near Co Kildare. A civilian who tries to stop them is stabbed-to-death.
1979: Larry Holmes TKO’s Mike Weaver in Round 12 for the heavyweight boxing title.
1980: Germany beats Belgium, 2-1 to win the European Championship in Rome.
1981: John McEnroe’s famous ‘You cannot be serious’ rant in the first round win over Tom Gullikson at Wimbledon. On the same day, Mark David Chapman pleads guilty to the murder of John Lennon.
1984: Virgin Atlantic’s first commercial flight from Gatwick to Newark.
1987: A bomb blast in a Johannesburg video-game arcade kills an unborn baby and injures ten people. On the same day, actor/dancer Fred Astaire dies aged 88.
1988: Session guitarist Jesse Ed Davis died of a heroin overdose after collapsing in a laundry room in Venice, California, aged 43.
1990: Nelson Mandela addresses the UN Special Committee against Apartheid in New York.
1992: Two skeletons excavated in Yekaterinburg, Russia, are identified as Tsar Nicholas II and Tsarina Alexandra.
1996: The brother of singer Diana Ross, Arthur Ross and his wife were murdered by suffocation in the basement of their rented Detroit home.
2011: After 16 years on the run, gangster Whitey Bulger is arrested outside an apartment in Santa Monica, California. On the same day, James Bond acor Daniel Craig marries actress Rachel Weisz in New York.
2019: Sir Elton John is awarded France’s highest civilian award, the Legion d’Honneur.
BIRTHDAYS: Prunella Scales, actress, 88; Kris Kristoffersson, singer/songwriter/actor, 84; Esther Rantzen, TV presenter, 80; Peter Asher, producer/manager, 76; Howard Kaylan, singer (The Turtes/Frank Zappa) 73; Todd Rundgren, musician/singer/songwriter/producer, 72; Alan Osmond, musician, 71; Lindsay Wagner, actress, 71; Meryl Streep, actress, 71; Cyndi Lauper, singer/songwriter, 67; Green Gartside, singer/songwriter (Scritti Politti) 64; Gary Beers, bassist (INXS) 63; Danny Baker, broadcaster, 63; Bruce Campbell, actor, 62; Jimmy Somerville, singer, 59; Ruby Turner, singer, 58; Dan Brown, novelist, 56; Bobby Gillespie, singer (Primal Scream) 56; Tom Cunningham, drummer (Wet Wet Wet) 55; Steven Page, guitar/vocals (Barenaked Ladies) 50; Mary Lynn Rajskub, actress, 49; Chris Urbanowicz, guitarist (Editors) 39.