1462: Louis XII is born in Château de Blois, France.
1550: Charles IX is born in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France.
1542: Conquistador Juan Rodruguez Cabrillo sets sail from the Mexican port of Navidad to explore the west coast of North America on behalf of the Spanish Empire.
1709: Peter the Great of Russia defeats Charles XII of Sweden at the Battle of Poltava.
1743: George II leads troops into battle at the Battle of Dettingen during the War of Austrian Succession, the last time a British monarch commanded troops in the field.
1746: Flora MacDonald helps Bonnie Prince Charlie (Charles Stuart) disguised as Betty Burke, an Irish maid, evade capture by landing him on the Isle of Skye.
1759: British General James Wolfe begins the siege of Quebec.
1789: Louis XVI orders the French nobility and clergy of the Estates-General to meet with the National Assembly.
1806: Buenos Aires is captured by the British.
1847: New York and Boston are linked by telegraph.
1880: Birth of political activist Helen Keller, the first deaf-blind person to earn a BA.
1890: Bantamweight George Dixon becomes the first black boxing champion.
1898: Charlotte Cooper beats Louisa Martin 6-4, 6-4 for her third Wimbledon singles championship.
1905: Russian sailors mutiny aboard the battleship Potemkin and sail for Odessa.
1914: Jack Johnson beats Frank Moran in 20 rounds for the heavyweight boxing title.
1923: Capt. Lowell H. Smith and Lt. John P. Richter perform the first ever aerial refuelling in a DH-4B biplane.
1924: American Walter Hagen wins his second British Open golf title.
1929: The first colour TV demonstration is performed by Bell Laboratories in New York. On the same day, President Paul von Hindenburg refuses to pay Germany’s First World War debt.
1931: Walter Hagen captains America to victory in the Ryder Cup.
1933: Britain wins the Ryder Cup. It will not happen again for 24 years.
1940: The Soviet Army attacks Romania.
1950: President Harry Truman orders the US Air Force and Navy into the Korean conflict as North Korean forces reach Seoul. South Africa also heeds the UN’s call to assist South Korea.
1954: CIA-sponsored rebels overthrow the elected government of Guatemala. On the same day, the so-called “Battle of Berne” occurs during the World Cup match between Brazil and Hungary in Switzerland as the game descends into an all-out brawl.
1957: A report by the Medical Research Council finds a direct link between smoking and lung cancer.
1958: Singles chart:
- On The Street Where You Live – Vic Damone
- All I Have To Do Is Dream – The Everly Brothers
- Who’s Sorry Now – Connie Francis
- Stairway Of Love – Michael Holliday
- The Army Game – Michael Medwin, Bernard Breslaw, Alfie Bass and Leslie Fyson
- Tom Hark – Elias and his Zig Zag Jive Flutes
- Witch Doctor – Don Lang and his Frantic Five
- Tulips From Amsterdam – Max Bygraves
- Book Of Love – The Mudarks
- Big Man – The Four Preps
1963: US President John F Kennedy visits his ancestral homeland in County Wexford, Ireland.
1967: Mick Jagger is found guilty of illegal possession of drugs found in his jacket at a party given by Keith Richards at his Redlands home in Surrey. He was remanded overnight at Lewes jail. On the same day, the world’s first ATM is installed in Enfield.
1970: The three-day Bath Festival of Blues and Progressive Music begins with acts including Led Zeppelin, Santana, Frank Zappa & The Mothers Of Invention, Canned Heat and Pink Floyd who premier their new piece Atom Heart Mother.
1973: John Dean tells the Watergate Committee about President Nixon’s “enemies list”.
1974: US President Nixon visits the USSR.
1976: An Air France flight hijacked from Athens by members of the Bader-Meinhof Gang and the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine arrives at Entebbe Airport, Uganda.
1977: Home Secretary Merlyn Rees is jeered on the picket line as he appeals for calm following two weeks of violent clashes outside the Grunwick factory in north London. On the same day, Djibouti declares Independence from France.
1979: Boxing legend Muhammed Ali confirms that his third retirement is final (it isn’t).
1980: Led Zeppelin drummer John Bonham collapses onstage at Messehalle, Nuremberg. The gig is abandoned.
1984: France beat Spain 2-0 to win Euro 84 in Paris.
1986: The International Court of Justice finds the United States guilty of violating international law by supporting rebels in Nicaragua. On the same day, an Irish referendum upholds a ban on divorce.
1988: Mike Tyson KOs Michael Spink in 91 seconds in Atlantic City.
1990: Despite being under threat from a fatwa, author Salman Rushdie contributes $8,600 to help Iran’s earthquake victims.
1991: Yugoslav tanks, troops and aircraft sweep into the small republic of Slovenia, 48 hours after it declared independence.
1997: Beginning the the Glastonbury Festival featuring Radiohead, Cast, The Prodigy, The Smashing Pumpkins, Travis and Sheryl Crow. Radiohead’s Saturday headlining set is considered to be the finest performance in the festival’s history.
1999: Brian O’Hara, singer and guitarist with 1960s group The Fourmost, commits suicide aged 56.
2001: Actor Jack Lemmon dies aged 76.
2002: One day before the scheduled first show of The Who’s US tour, bass player John Entwistle, suffers a fatal heart attack aged 57 in his Las Vegas hotel room.
2003: Rapper Mystikal pleads guilty to charges that he forced his hairstylist to perform sex acts on him and two bodyguards.
2007: Gordon Brown becomes Prime Minister.
2008: Beginning of the Glastonbury Festival with acts including Kings of Leon, Editors, kt Tunstall, Jay Z, The Verve and Leonard Cohen. On the same day, Bill Gates steps down as chairman of Microsoft Corp.
2010: England are beaten 4-1 by Germany in the World Cup quarter-finals at the Free State Stadium in Bloemfontein, South Africa after a goal by Frank Lampard is erroneously judged by the referee not to have gone over the line.
- Recovery – Eminem
- Time Flies: 1994-2009 – Oasis
- The E.N.D – Black Eyed Peas
- Won’t Go Quietly – Example
- The Fame – Lady Gaga
- The Element Of Freedom – Alecia Keys
- The Defamation Of Strickland Banks – Plan B
- Can’t Be Tamed – Miley Cyrus
- Crazy Love – Michael Buble
- Sigh No More – Mumford & Sons
2012: Russia’s chief medical officer blames The Beatles, who split up 42 years earlier, for the country’s drug problem.
2014: Soul singer/songwriter Bobby Womack dies aged 70 from cancer.
2015: Chris Squire, the bass guitarist and co-founder of progressive rock band Yes, dies aged 67.
2016: Roy Hodgson resigns as England manager minutes after the team lose 2-1 to Iceland in a last 16 match during the European Championships in France. On the same day, Mack Rice, composer of the song ‘Mustang Sally dies in Detroit aged 82.
2017: The EU fines Google a record $2.7 billion for unfair competition practices. On the same day, the Petya malware cyber-attack affects organisations in more than 64 countries.
2018: Democrat Representative Joseph Crowley is defeated in the New York Primary election by liberal challenger Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez.
BIRTHDAYS: Shirley Anne Field (Shirley Broomfield), actress, 85; Bruce Johnston, vocals/guitar/songwriter (The Beach Boys), 77; Vera Wang, fashion designer, 72; Charles Shaar Murray, music journalist, 70; Gilson Lavis, drummer (Squeeze/Jools Holland), 70; Meera Syal, author/actress, 60; Michael Ball, singer/broadcaster, 59; Isabelle Adjani, actress, 56; J J (Jeffrey Jacob) Abrams, director/screenwriter, 55; David Davies, MP, 51; Jo Frost, Supernanny, 51; Tobey Maguire, actor, 46; Raúl, Spanish footballer, 44; Kevin Pietersen, cricketer, 41; Khloé Kardashian, media personality, 37; Nico Rosberg, Formula 1 champion, 36; Ed Westwick, actor, 34.