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1462: Louis XII is born in Château de Blois, France.
1550: Charles IX is born in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France.
1542: Conquistador Juan Rodruguez Cabrillo sets sail from the Mexican port of Navidad to explore the west coast of North America on behalf of the Spanish Empire.
1709: Peter the Great of Russia defeats Charles XII of Sweden at the Battle of Poltava.
1743: George II leads troops into battle at the Battle of Dettingen during the War of Austrian Succession, the last time a British monarch commanded troops in the field.
1746: Flora MacDonald helps Bonnie Prince Charlie (Charles Stuart) disguised as Betty Burke, an Irish maid, evade capture by landing him on the Isle of Skye.
1759: British General James Wolfe begins the siege of Quebec.
1789: Louis XVI orders the French nobility and clergy of the Estates-General to meet with the National Assembly.
1806: Buenos Aires is captured by the British.
1847: New York and Boston are linked by telegraph.
1880: Birth of political activist Helen Keller, the first deaf-blind person to earn a BA.
1890: Bantamweight George Dixon becomes the first black boxing champion.
1898: Charlotte Cooper beats Louisa Martin 6-4, 6-4 for her third Wimbledon singles championship.
1905: Russian sailors mutiny aboard the battleship Potemkin and sail for Odessa.
1914: Jack Johnson beats Frank Moran in 20 rounds for the heavyweight boxing title.
1923: Capt. Lowell H. Smith and Lt. John P. Richter perform the first ever aerial refuelling in a DH-4B biplane.
1924: American Walter Hagen wins his second British Open golf title.
1929: The first colour TV demonstration is performed by Bell Laboratories in New York. On the same day, President Paul von Hindenburg refuses to pay Germany’s First World War debt.
1931: Walter Hagen captains America to victory in the Ryder Cup.
1933: Britain wins the Ryder Cup. It will not happen again for 24 years.
1940: The Soviet Army attacks Romania.
1950: President Harry Truman orders the US Air Force and Navy into the Korean conflict as North Korean forces reach Seoul. South Africa also heeds the UN’s call to assist South Korea.
1954: CIA-sponsored rebels overthrow the elected government of Guatemala. On the same day, the so-called “Battle of Berne” occurs during the FIFA World Cup match between Brazil and Hungary in Switzerland as the game descends into an all-out brawl.
1957: The British Medical Research Council publishes a report suggesting a direct link between smoking and lung cancer.
1967: Mick Jagger was found guilty of illegal possession of two drugs found in his jacket at a party given by Keith Richards, He was remanded overnight at Lewes jail. On the same day, the world’s first ATM is installed in Enfield.
1970: The 3-day Bath Festival of Blues and Progressive Music in Bath, England took place. The line-up included Led Zeppelin, Frank Zappa & The Mothers of Invention, Pink Floyd and Santana. On the same day, following the arrest of Bernadette Devlin, intense riots erupt in Derry and Belfast leading to a prolonged gun battle between Irish republicans and loyalists.
1973: John Dean tells the Watergate Committee about President Nixon’s “enemies list”.
1974: US President Nixon visits the USSR.
1976: An Air France flight hijacked from Athens by members of the Bader-Meinhof Gang and the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine arrives at Entebbe Airport, Uganda.
1977: Djibouti claims Independence from France.
1979: Boxing legend Muhammed Ali confirms that his third retirement is final (it isn’t).
1984: France beats Spain, 2-0 in Paris to win the European Championship.
1986: Irish referendum upholds a ban on divorce.
1988: Mike Tyson KOs Michael Spink in 91 seconds in Atlantic City.
1990: Despite being under threat from a fatwa, author Salman Rushdie contributes $8,600 to help Iran’s earthquake victims.
1997: Radiohead headlined Saturday at the Glastonbury Festival with a triumphant set that has gone on to become accepted as one of the greatest performances in the history of the event, even though Thom Yorke’s monitors failed early in the set.
1999: Brian O’Hara, singer and guitarist with The Fourmost hangs himself aged 56.
2001: Actor Jack Lemmon dies aged 76.
2002: On the day before the scheduled first show of The Who’s 2002 US tour, bass player John Entwistle, died aged 57 in his hotel room at the Hard Rock Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas.
2003: Rapper Mystikal pleaded guilty to charges that he forced his hairstylist to perform sex acts on him and two bodyguards.
2007: Gordon Brown becomes Prime Minister.
2008: Bill Gates steps down as chairman of Microsoft Corp.
2014: Soul singer/songwriter Bobby Womack dies aged 70.
2015: Chris Squire, bass guitarist and co-founder of 1970s prog rock band Yes, died at the age of 67 after battling leukemia.
2016: Mack Rice, the songwriter who wrote ‘Mustang Sally’ died in Detroit at the age of 82.
2017: The EU fines Google a record $2.7 billion for unfair competition practices. On the same day, the Petya malware cyber-attack affects organisations in more than 64 countries.
2018: Democrat Representative Joseph Crowley is defeated in the New York Primary election by liberal challenger Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez.
BIRTHDAYS: Shirley Anne Field (Shirley Broomfield), actress, 84; Bruce Johnston, vocals/guitar/songwriter (The Beach Boys) 76; Vera Wang, fashion designer, 71; Gilson Lavis, drummer (Squeeze/Jools Holland’s Rhythm & Blues Orchestra) 69; Isabelle Adjani, actress, 65; Lisa Germano, singer/songwriter, 62; Meera Syal, actress, 59; Michael Ball, singer, 58; J J Abrams, director/writer, 54; Tobey Maguire, actor, 45; Raúl, Spanish footballer, 43; Kevin Pietersen, cricketer, 40; Khloe Kardashian, reality TV star, 36; Nico Rosberg, racing driver, 35; Ed Westwick, actor, 33.