It happened today – this day in history – June 28

1461: Edward IV is crowned king of England.

1491: Birth of Henry VIII in London.

1577: Birth of Flemish Baroque painter Peter Paul Rubens.

1635: The French colony of Guadeloupe is established in Caribbean.

1703: Birth of John Wesley, co-founder of the Methodist church.

1712: Birth of philosopher and writer, Jean-Jacques Rousseau in Geneva.

1762: Catherine II seizes power, declaring herself sovereign ruler of Russia.

1776: The final draft of the American Declaration of Independence is submitted to the Continental Congress.

1820: The tomato is proven to be non-poisonous by Colonel Robert Gibbon eating a tomato on steps of courthouse in Salem, New Jersey.

1836: Death of fourth US President James Madison aged 85.

1838: The coronation of Queen Victoria in Westminster Abbey.

1846: The saxophone is patented by Antoine-Joseph “Adolfe” Sax.

1880: Australian bushranger Ned Kelly is captured at Glenrowan.

1914: Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his wife Sophie are assassinated in Sarajevo by young Serb nationalist Gavrilo Princip, triggering the start of the First World War.

1919: The Treaty of Versailles, officially ending the First World War and establishing the League of Nations, is signed in France.

1922: The Irish Civil War begins when Irish Free State forces attack anti-treaty republicans in Dublin.

1928: Louis Armstrong records “West End Blues.”

1935: President Franklin D Roosevelt orders a federal gold vault to be built at Fort Knox, Kentucky.

1939: Joe Louis TKOs Tony Galent in Round 4 for the heavyweight boxing title.

1941: German and Romanian soldiers kill 11,000 Jews in Kishinev. On the same day, German troops occupy Galicia, Poland.

1950: North Korean forces capture Seoul.

1958: France orders the release of 30 political prisoners to win Muslim support for plans on Algeria’s future. On the same day, Brazil win the World Cup in Sweden, beating the home nation 5-2 with a couple of goals from 17-year old Pele.

1960: A gas explosion at Six Bells Colliery in Monmouthshire, Wales. kills 37 miners.

1962: Singles chart:

  1. Come Outside – Mike Sarne and Wendy Richard
  2. A Picture Of You – Joe Brown
  3. Good Luck Charm – Elvis Presley
  4. Do You Want To Dance – Cliff Richard
  5. Ginny Come Lately – Brian Hyland
  6. Last Night Was Made For Love – Billy Fury
  7. English Country Garden – Jimmy Rodgers
  8. I Can’t Stop Loving You – Ray Charles
  9. Stranger On The Shore – Acker Bilk
  10. Nut Rocker – B Bumble and the Stingers

1963: Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev visits East Berlin.


1964: The Organization for Afro-American Unity is formed in New York by Malcolm X.

1965: The first US ground combat forces in Vietnam are authorized by President Lyndon B Johnson.

1967: Israel annexes East Jerusalem.

1968: Working at Abbey Road Studios, Ringo Starr records the vocal for the song Goodnight, John Lennon’s lullaby for 5-year-old son Julian, for the Beatles White Album over an orchestral backing track.

1969: The Bath Festival of Blues features Fleetwood Mac, Led Zeppelin, The Nice and Ten Years After playing to a sell-out crowd of 30,000. The stage collapses during The Nice’s set when bagpipers are brought on. On the same day, Police carry out an early morning raid on gay bar the Stonewall Inn, in Greenwich Village, New York. Patrons riot against police for three days, marking the beginning of the LGBT rights movement.

1970: Around 500 Catholic workers at the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast are forced to leave their work by Protestant employees as serious rioting continues in Belfast.

1971: The US Supreme Court overturns the 1967 draft evasion conviction of boxer Muhammad Ali.

1975: Reigning PGA Championship winner Lee Trevino and playing partners Jerry Heard, Bobby Nichols, Jim Ahern and Tony Jacklin are struck by lightning, suffering minor burns.

1976: Four mercenaries – three Britons and an American – are sentenced to death by firing squad for their roles during the Angolan civil war.

1977: Elton John becomes chairman of Watford Football Club.

1979: OPEC raises oil prices by 24%.

1984: Former member of South African Congress of Trade Unions (SACTU), Jeannette Schoon, and her six-year old daughter, Katryn, are killed by a letter bomb at Lubango, in northern Angola.

1991: Former prime minister Margaret Thatcher announces she will step down as an MP at the next election.

1992: Burharnuddin Rabbani becomes president of Afghanistan.

1994: Jonah Lomu becomes the youngest-ever All Black at 19yrs 45days against France in Christchurch.

1997: Mike Tyson is disqualified for biting off part of Evander Holyfield’s ear during their heavyweight title bout in Las Vegas.

2004: The US hands sovereignty back to Iraq in a low-key ceremony in Baghdad after 15 months of American control following the second Gulf War. On the same day, Estonia, Lithuania and Slovenia join the European Exchange Rate Mechanism.

2006: The Republic of Montenegro is admitted as the 192nd Member of the United Nations.

2007: Two men are killed and two others injured during an accident dismantling the stage after a Rolling Stones concert in Madrid.

2009: Michael Jackson – Number Ones

2009: Album chart:

  1. Number Ones – Michael Jackson
  2. West Ryder Pauper Lunatic Asylum – Kasabian
  3. Sunny Side Up – Paolo Nutini
  4. The Circus – Take That
  5. The Fame – Lady Gaga
  6. Greatest Hits – Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band
  7. Thriller – Michael Jackson
  8. Love And War – Daniel Merriweather
  9. Only By The Night – Kings Of Leon
  10. The End – Black Eyed Peas

2012: Lamb Of God frontman Randy Blythe is arrested before a show at Prague’s Hard Rock Cage and charged with manslaughter. In 2010 at the band’s show at Club Abaton, in Prague, a fan jumped up on the stage where a tussle ensued in which the fan was injured and later died, reportedly as a result of those injuries.

2016: Guitarist Scotty Moore dies at his home in Nashville, aged 84.

2019: Ozzy and Sharon Osbourne order Donald Trump not to use the star’s music for his political campaign.

2020: The global death toll from COVID-19 passes 500,000, doubling in less than two months.

BIRTHDAYS: Mel Brooks (Kaminsky), screenwriter/actor/director, 96; Ricky George, footballer, 76; Bruce Davison, actor, 76; Katy Bates, actress, 74; Lalla (Sarah) Ward, actress/author, 71; Janine Duvitski, actress, 70; Alice Krige, actress, 68; Shirley Cheriton, actress, 67; Ainsley Harriott, TV chef, 65; Clint Boon, DJ/keyboardist (Insiral Carpets) 63; Baroness Morgan of Huyton, Labour peer, 63; Saul Davies, guitarist/violinist (James) 57; John Cusack, actor/screenwriter, 56; Mary Stuart Masterson, actress, 56; Gil Bellows, actor, 55; Adam Woodyatt, actor, 54; Angeline Ball, actress, 53; Mike White, actor/writer, 52; Fabien Barthez, French goalkeeper, 51; Aileen Quinn, child actor, 51; Sean Dyche, football manager, 51; Elon Musk, entrepreneur, 51; Mark Stoermer, bassist (The Killers) 45; Tamara Ecclestone (Rutland), socialite, 38; Daisy Turner, actress, 32; George Webster, actor, 31; Kevin De Bruyne, Belgian footballer, 31.