1377: The French stage a raid at Rye in East Sussex.
1509: Margaret Beaufort, mother of Henry VII and paternal grandmother of King Henry VIII, dies aged 66.
1534: Jacques Cartier discovers Prince Edward Islands, Canada.
1540: Former Lord Privy Seal and Chancellor of the Exchequer Thomas Cromwell is indicted as a heretic.
1613: Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre in London, burns down during a performance of “Henry VIII”.
1767: The British pass the Townshend Revenue Act levying taxes on America, intensifying opposition to British rule.
1861: Death of poet/author Elizabeth Barrett Browning aged 55.
1863: Confederate General Robert Lee orders his forces to concentrate near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
1888: The first known recording of classical music is made on wax cylinder. Handel’s Israel in Egypt.
1900: The Imperial Chinese Court issues what is essentially a declaration of war against foreigners in China and blames hostilities on them, giving license to Boxers for even greater ferocity.
1914: Jina Guseva attempts to assassinate Grigori Rasputin in his home town in Siberia.
1918: A provisional government opposed to the Bolsheviks establishes itself at Vladivostok, the Russia port on the Sea f Japan.
1932: The USSR and China sign a non-aggression treaty.
1933: Italian boxer Primo Carnera KOs American defending champion Jack Sharkey in round 6 at Madison Square Garden to become only the third European to win the lineal world heavyweight title. On the same day, actor Roscoe “Fatty” Arbuckle dies aged 46 from a heart attack just hours after signing a contract which would have resurrected his career.
1934: Henry Cotton wins the British Open golf tournament.
1936: George M Cohan is the first artist to be presented with a US Congressional Gold Medal, by Franklin D. Roosevelt (for raising war morale).
1940: Robin the boy wonder makes his first appearance in the DC comic Batman. On the same day, artist Paul Klee dies aged 60.
1949: South Africa begins implementing apartheid.
1950: The US beats England 1-0 in a World Cup group game.
1954: The US Atomic Energy Commission votes against reinstating Dr Robert Oppenheimer.
1956: Marilyn Monroe marries playwright Arthur Miller in New York.
1966: US planes bomb the North Vietnamese capital Hanoi and the port city of Haiphong for the first time.
1967: Keith Richards of The Rolling Stones was found guilty of allowing his house to be used for the illegal smoking of cannabis. He was sentenced to one year in jail and a £500 fine. Mick Jagger was fined £100 and given three months in jail on drug charges. Jagger and Richards were both released and granted bail of £7,000 the following day after an editorial in The Times by editor William Rees-Mogg (father of Jacob) called “Who breaks a butterfly on a wheel?” On the same day, film star Jayne Mansfield dies in a car crash. Three of her children, including future star of Law and Order Special Victims Unit, Marishka Hargitay, were in the car and suffered minor injuries.
1968: A free concert was held in Hyde Park with Pink Floyd, Jethro Tull, Tyrannosaurus Rex and Roy Harper.
1969: Soul singer Shorty Long drowned aged 29 after his boat capsized on the Detroit River in Michigan.
1974: Military coup in Ethiopia.
1975: Singer songwriter Tim Buckley died from an overdose of heroin and morphine aged 28.
1976: The Seychelles become independent from the UK.
1979: Little Feat leader Lowell George dies aged 34 from a heart attack at the Key Bridge Marriott Hotel in Arlington, Virginia.
1981: Hu Yaobang becomes chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China.
1985: John Lennon’s 1965 Rolls-Royce Phantom V with psychedelic paintwork, sold for a record $3,006,385, (£1,768,462) at a Sotheby’s auction in New York.
1986: Argentina beats West Germany, 3-2 to win the FIFA World Cup in Mexico. On the same day, Richard Branson aboard Virgin Atlantic Challenger II reaches Bishop Rock, Isles of Scilly, completing the fastest crossing of the Atlantic.
1988: Brenda Richie, wife of Lionel Richie, was arrested in Beverly Hills, after allegedly hitting the singer and a young woman after she found them in bed together.
1992: Algerian head of state, Mohamed Boudiaf, is assassinated by military officers during a public speech at the opening of a cultural centre in Annaba.
1995: Death of film star Lana Turner aged 75.
1999: Michael Jackson suffered severe bruising after falling over 50 feet when a bridge collapsed while he was performing Earth Song during a concert at Munich’s Olympic stadium.
2000: Eminem’s mother goes to court claiming defamation of character in a $10 million civil suit after taking exception to the line “My mother smokes more dope than I do” from her son’s single ‘My Name Is’.
2002: Singer and actress Rosemary Clooney died of lung cancer.
2003: Death of actress Katharine Hepburn aged 96.
2007: Two car bombs are found at Picadilly Circus in the heart of London
2008: Spain beats Germany, 1-0 with a Fernando Torres goal to win the European Championship in Vienna. On the same day, Leonard Cohen performed at the Glastonbury Festival.
2009: Financier Bernard Madoff is sentenced to 150 years in prison in the US.
2012: Actress Katie Holmes divorces Tom Cruise after five years of marriage.
2019: Former Guns N Roses drummer Steven Adler was taken to hospital after stabbing himself.
BIRTHDAYS: Roger Ruskin Spear, musician (Bonzo Dog Doo Dah Band) 77; Gary Busey, actor, 76; Ian Paice, drummer (Deep Purple) 72; Colin Hay, singer/songwriter (Men At Work) 67; Robert Forster, singer/songwriter (The Go Betweens) 63; María Conchita Alonso, actress, 63; Sam Bailey, singer, 43; Nicole Scherzinger, singer, (Pussycat Dolls) 42; Katherine Jenkins, Welsh soprano, 40; George Sampson, dancer/actor, 27.