1098: After a five-month siege in the First Crusade, Crusaders seize Antioch (in modern day Turkey).
1539: Explorer Hernando de Soto claims Florida for Spain.
1540: Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto becomes the first European to cross the Appalachian Mountains in America.
1665: The Duke of York (future James II) defeats the Dutch fleet off the coast of Lowestoft..
1808: Future US President Jefferson Davis is born in Kentucky
1861: Union forces defeat the Confederacy at Philippi in modern-day West Virginia, the first land battle of the American Civil War.
1865: Birth of George V.
1871: Jesse James and his gang rob Obocock Bank in Iowa of $15,000.
1875: Death of composer Georges Bizet aged 36.
1876: Lacrosse is introduced in Britain and Canada.
1897: Birth of blues artist Memphis Minnie in Louisiana.
1899: W G Grace’s final day of Test cricket aged 50yrs 320 days.
1906: King Leopold II of Belgium claims the Congo as his private possession.
1915: Austro-German forces recapture Przemysl, a crucial city in southeastern Poland, and the entire Russian front begins to collapse.
1924: Death of Czech writer Franz Kafka aged 40.
1926: Birth of beat poet Allen Ginsberg in Newark, New Jersey.
1932: German President Paul von Hindenburg disbands the country’s parliament.
1937: The Duke of Windsor marries Wallis Simpson in France.
1940: The last British troops are evacuated from Dunkirk.
1943: A mob of 60 from the Los Angeles Naval Reserve Armory beat up everyone perceived to be Hispanic, starting the week-long Zoot Suit Riots.
1944: The Nazis pull out of Rome.
1946: The first bikini is displayed in Paris. On the same day, International Military Tribunal opens in Tokyo against 28 Japanese war criminals.
1947: Viceroy of India, Lord Mountbatten, visits Pakistan.
1950: Colchester United joins the Third Division south as the League is increased to 92 clubs.
1953: Elvis Presley graduates from J.C. Hulmes High School in Memphis.
1955: Singles chart:
- Cherry Pink And Apple Blossom White – Eddie Calvert
- Cherry Pink And Apple Blossom White – Perez Prez Prado and his Orchestra
- Stranger In Paradise – Tony Bennett
- Earth Angel – The Crew Cuts
- Unchained Melody – Al Hibbler
- Stranger In Paradise – The Four Aces
- Unchained Melody – Jimmy Young
- If You Believe – Johnnie Ray
- Stranger In Paradise – Tony Martin
- Dreamboat – Alma Cogan
1959: Real Madrid beats Stade de Reims, 2-0 in Stuttgart to win the European Cup for the fourth consecutive time.
1961: President John F Kennedy and Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev meet in Vienna.
1962: An Air France Boeing 707 crashes on take-off at Orly Airport killing all but two of the 132 on board.
- Blue Hawaii – Elvis Presley
- West Side Story – Original Soundtrack
- South Pacific – Original Soundtrack
- It’s Trad Dad – Original Soundtrack
- The Black and White Minstrel Show – The George Mitchell Singers
- The Young Ones – Cliff Richard
- Tops With Me – Helen Shapiro
- The Sound Of Music – Original London Cast
- The Roaring Twenties: Songs From The TV Series – Dorothy Provine
- The Shadows – The Shadows
1963: Death of Pope John XXIII (Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli) aged 81.
1964: Beatles drummer Ringo Starr is taken ill suffering from tonsillitis and pharyngitis, days before a world tour is about to start. Session drummer Jimmy Nichol is drafted in and he quickly rehearses six songs with Paul, John and George before becoming a stand-in Beatle for 11 days while Ringo has his tonsils removed.
1965: Gemini 4 is launched containing astronauts James McDivitt and Ed White.
1966: Launch of Gemini 9 with astronauts Thomas Stafford and Eugene Cernan.
1968: At an impromptu gathering at Joni Mitchell’s Laurel Canyon home, David Crosby, Stephen Stills and Graham Nash sing together for the very first time. On the same day, artist Andy Warhol is shot three times in an assassination attempt by radical feminist Valerie Solanas.
1970: Ray Davies of The Kinks is forced to make a 6,000 mile round trip from New York to London to record one word in a song. Davies had to change ‘Coca- Cola’ to ‘Cherry Cola’ on the band’s forthcoming single Lola due to an advertising ban at BBC Radio.
1971: Future Pakistani President Imran Khan makes his test cricket debut against England at Edgbaston.
1972: Soldiers disperse crowds as a Protestant march against “no-go” areas in Londonderry turns violent at Craigavon Bridge. On the same day, Billie Jean King wins her only French singles tennis title, beating Evonne Goolagong of Australia 6-3, 6-3. Also, Blues guitarist Mississippi Fred McDowell dies of cancer aged 68.
1973: Laurens Hammond the inventor of the Hammond organ dies aged 73. On the same day, David Bowie announces the retirement of his Ziggy Stardust character from the stage of the Hammersmith Apollo. Band members Trevor Boulder and Woody Woodmansey had not been told in advance. Also, 15 people die t a Paris air show when a Tupelov supersonic plane (“Concordski”) crashes and Ilie Nastase wins his second Grand Slam singles title beating Niki Pilić 6-3, 6-3, 6-0 in the French men’s singles.
1982: Shlomo Argov, the Israeli ambassador to Britain, is shot on a London street. He survives but is paralysed.
1983: Drummer Jim Gordon of Derek and the Dominoes murders his mother by pounding her head with a hammer.
1989: Beginning of the Tiananmen Square Massacre as Chinese troops open fire on pro-democracy supporters in Beijing, killing several hundred people. On the same day, Iranian leader Ayatollah Khomeini dies aged 89.
1991: Three members of the IRA are ambushed and killed by soldiers in Northern Ireland acting on intelligence information.
2002: Paul McCartney, Ozzy Osbourne, Sting, Elton John, Brian Wilson, Cliff Richard and The Corrs appear at The Queen’s Jubilee concert at Buckingham Palace.
2003: Singer-songwriter Barry Manilow suffers a broken nose after accidentally walking into a wall and knocking himself unconscious at his home in Palm Springs, California.
2006: The union of Serbia and Montenegro comes to an end with Montenegro’s formal declaration of independence.
2008: Gretna announce their resignation from the Scottish League after going into liquidation.
2009: Actor David Carradine is found dead inside a closet in a Bangkok hotel room aged 72.
2011: Singer-songwriter Andrew Gold dies in his sleep from a heart attack aged 59.
2014: Hashim Amla becomes the first non-white captain of the South African national cricket team.
2016: Boxing legend Muhammad Ali dies aged 74. On the same day, folk violinist Dave Swarbrick of Fairport Convention dies aged 75.
2017: Three terrorists wearing fake suicide vests drive a van into pedestrians on London Bridge then run to Borough Market where they stab and kill seven and wound 48 before being shot by armed police. On the same day, Cristiano Ronaldo scores twice as defending champions Real Madrid thrash Juventus, 4-1 to win the Champions League at the Millennium Stadium, Cardiff.
2019: Jay-Z is named the world’s first billionaire rapper by Forbes magazine. On the same day, President Donald Trump begins a three-day visit to the UK by calling London Mayor Sadiq Khan “a stone cold loser”.
2020: Three former police officers are charged in connection with the death of George Floyd in Minneapolis, with Derek Chauvin’s charge upgraded to second degree murder.
BIRTHDAYS: Ian Hunter, singer-songwriter/guitarist (Mott The Hoople) 82; Anita Harris, singer, 79; Judith Durham, singer (The Seekers) 78; Penelope Wilton, actress, 75; Suzi Quatro, bassist/singer, 71; Deniece Williams, singer, 70; Vince Clarke, musician/songwriter (Depeche Mode/Erasure) 61; Susannah Constantine, broadcaster/fashionguru, 59; James Purefoy, actor, 57; Bill Callahan, singer-songwriter, 55; Wasim Akram, Pakistani cricketer, 55; Anderson Cooper, US journalist/broadcaster, 54; Saffron (Samantha Sprackling) songer (Republica) 53; Kelly Jones, singer-songwriter/guitar (Stereophonics) 47; Shane Lynch, singer (Boyzone) 45; Rumer (Sarah Joyce) singer-songwriter, 42; Jodie Whittaker, actress, 39; Rafael Nadal, tennis champion, 35; Michelle Keegan, actress, 34; Imogen Poots, actress, 32; Sam Curran, cricketer, 23.