1098: After a five-month siege in the First Crusade, Crusaders seize Antioch (in modern day Turkey).
1539: Explorer Hernando de Soto claims Florida for Spain.
1540: Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto becomes the first European to cross the Appalachian Mountains in America.
1665: The Duke of York (future James II) defeats the Dutch fleet off the coast of Lowestoft..
1808: Future US President Jefferson Davis is born in Kentucky
1861: Union forces defeat the Confederacy at Philippi in modern-day West Virginia, the first land battle of the American Civil War.
1865: Birth of George V.
1871: Jesse James and his gang rob Obocock Bank in Iowa of $15,000.
1875: Death of composer Georges Bizet aged 36.
1876: Lacrosse is introduced in Britain and Canada.
1897: Birth of blues artist Memphis Minnie in Louisiana.
1899: W G Grace’s final day of Test cricket aged 50yrs 320 days.
1906: King Leopold II of Belgium claims the Congo as his private possession.
1915: Austro-German forces recapture Przemysl, a crucial city in southeastern Poland, and the entire Russian front begins to collapse.
1924: Death of Czech writer Franz Kafka aged 40.
1926: Birth of beat poet Allen Ginsberg in Newark, New Jersey.
1932: German President Paul von Hindenburg disbands the country’s parliament.
1937: The Duke of Windsor marries Wallis Simpson in France.
1940: The last British troops are evacuated from Dunkirk.
1944: The Nazis pull out of Rome.
1946: The first bikini is displayed in Paris. On the same day, International Military Tribunal opens in Tokyo against 28 Japanese war criminals.
1947: Viceroy of India, Lord Mountbatten, visits Pakistan.
1959: Real Madrid beats Stade de Reims, 2-0 in Stuttgart to win the European Cup for the fourth consecutive time.
1961: President John F Kennedy and Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev meet in Vienna.
1962: An Air France Boeing 707 crashes on take-off from Paris, killing 130.
1963: Death of Pope John XXIII (Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli) aged 81.
1964: Beatles drummer Ringo Starr collapses from tonsillitis and pharyngitis. After a last-minute phone call from George Martin, session drummer Jimmy Nichol rushed over to EMI Studios, where he and The Beatles ran through six songs from their tour repertoire in a quick rehearsal. Nichol became a stand-in Beatle for 11 days.
1965: Gemini 4 is launched containing astronauts James McDivitt and Ed White.
1966: Launch of Gemini 9 with astronauts Thomas Stafford and Eugene Cernan.
1968: At an impromptu gathering at Joni Mitchell’s Laurel Canyon home, David Crosby, Stephen Stills and Graham Nash play together for the very first time. On the same day, artist Andy Warhol is shot three times in an assassination attempt by radical feminist Valerie Solanas.
1971: Future Pakistani President Imran Khan makes his test cricket debut against England at Edgbaston.
1972: Blues guitarist Mississippi Fred McDowell died of cancer aged 68. On the same day, Billie Jean King wins her only French singles tennis title, beating Evonne Goolagong of Australia 6-3, 6-3.
1973: Laurens Hammond the inventor of the Hammond organ dies aged 73. On the same day, David Bowie announces the retirement of his Ziggy Stardust character from the stage of the Hammersmith Apollo. Band members Trevor Boulder and Woody Woodmansey had not been told in advance. Also, 15 people die t a Paris air show when a Tupelov supersonic plane (“Concordski”) crashes and Ilie Nastase wins his second Grand Slam singles title beating Niki Pilić 6-3, 6-3, 6-0 in the French men’s singles.
1983: Derek and the Dominoes drummer, Jim Gordon murders his mother by pounding her head with a hammer.
1989: Beginning of the Tiananmen Square Massacre as Chinese troops open fire on pro-democracy supporters in Beijing. On the same day, Iranian leader Ayatollah Khomeini dies aged 89.
2002: Paul McCartney, Sting, Brian May, Brian Wilson, Cliff Richard, Ozzy Osbourne, The Corrs, Will Young, Atomic Kitten and S Club 7 all appear at The Queen’s Jubilee concert at Buckingham Palace.
2006: The union of Serbia and Montenegro comes to an end with Montenegro’s formal declaration of independence.
2009: Actor David Carradine is found dead inside a closet in a Bangkok hotel room aged 72.
2011: Singer, songwriter Andrew Gold dies in his sleep aged 59 from a heart attack.
2014: Hashim Amla becomes the first non-white captain of the South African national cricket team.
2016: Boxing legend Muhammad Ali dies aged 74.
2017: Terrorist attack as three men wearing fake suicide vests drive a van into pedestrians on London Bridge then run to Borough Market where they stab and kill seven and wound 48 before being shot by armed police. On the same day, Cristiano Ronaldo scores twice as defending champions Real Madrid thrash Juventus, 4-1 to win the Champions League at the Millennium Stadium, Cardiff.
2019: Jay-Z is named the world’s first billionaire rapper by Forbes magazine. On the same day, President Donald Trump begins a three-day visit to the UK by calling London Mayor Sadiq Khan “a stone cold loser”.
BIRTHDAYS: Raul Castro, president of Cuba, 89; Ian Hunter, singer/songwriter (Mott The Hoople) 81; Anita Harris, singer, 78; Judith Durham, singer (The Seekers) 77; Penelope Wilton, actress, 74; Suzi Quatro, bassist/singer, 70; Deniece Williams, singer, 70; Vince Clarke, musician/songwriter (Depeche Mode/Erasure) 60; Susannah Constantine, fashion guru, 58; James Purefoy, actor, 56; Wasim Akram, cricketer, 54; Anderson Cooper, TV presenter, 53; Kelly Jones, singer/guitarist/songwriter (Stereophonics) 46; Shane Lynch, singer (Boyzone) 44; Jodie Whittaker, actress, 38; Rafael Nadal, tennis champion, 34.