1070: Roquefort cheese created in a cave near Roquefort, France.
1647: Charles I is taken prisoner by the English Parliamentary army.
1738: Birth of George III.
1783: Joseph and Jacques Montgolfier make 1st public hot-air balloon flight (unmanned), covering 2km and lasting 10 minutes with an estimated altitude of 1,600-2,000m.
1798: Death of Giacomo Casanova aged 73.
1896: Henry Ford drives his first car through the streets of Detroit.
1913: Suffragette Emily Davison dies after throwing herself in front of George V’s horse Anmer during the Epsom Derby.
1916: General Aleksei Brusilov begins a massive Russian offensive on the Eastern Front.
1940: Britain completes the “Miracle of Dunkirk” by evacuating 338,226 allied troops from France via a flotilla of over 800 vessels including Royal Navy destroyers, merchant marine boats, fishing boats, pleasure craft and lifeboats. Prime Minister Winston Churchill’s initial target had been to save 40,000.
1941: Former Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany dies aged 82.
1942: Capitol Records is launched in the US.
1944: 5th Army enters and liberates Rome from Mussolini’s fascists. On the same day, General Eisenhower cancels planned D-Day invasion on June 5 after unfavourable weather reports.
1945: The US, Soviet Union, Britain and France agree to divide up occupied Germany.
1951: Actress Janet Leigh marries Tony Curtis.
1955: At the French Tennis Championships, Angela Mortimer of England beats American Dorothy Knode 2-6, 7-5, 10-8 for her first Grand Slam singles title.
1960: Actor Marlon Brando marries actress Movita Castaneda.
1964: The Test Cricket debut of Geoffrey Boycott v Australia at Trent Bridge.
1970: Tonga declares independence from the UK.
1977: An estimated 20,000 Scottish football fans invade the Wembley Stadium pitch after Scotland beats England, 2-1; goalposts and advertising hoardings destroyed.
1982: Israel attacks targets in south Lebanon.
1984: DNA is successfully cloned from an extinct animal.
1987: Hurdler Ed Moses’ 122 race winning streak which extends to nearly 10 years ends when he is beaten by countryman Danny Harris in Madrid.
1988: Steffi Graf beats Natalia Zvereva of Belarus 6-0, 6-0 in 32 minutes to win the Ladies Singles French Open Tennis Championship.
1989: A Beijing policeman shoots and wounds Chinese premier Li Ping on the day Chinese troops clear the Tiananmen Square of student protesters, unofficial figures place death toll near 1,000. On the same day, the Solidarity Party comes to power in Poland.
1990: Dr Jack Kevorkian assists an Oregon woman to commit suicide, beginning a national debate over the right to die. On the same day, punk rock singer Stiv Bators of the Dead Boys and The Lords of the New Church died after being hit by a taxi in Paris. He was taken to hospital but left before seeing a doctor and died in his sleep.
1993: Australian spin bowler Shane Warne bowls England batsman Mike Gatting with his first ball of an Ashes series.
1994: Haile Gebreselassie runs world record 5 km (12:56.96).
1997: Musician Ronnie Lane dies of multiple sclerosis at 51. On the same day, singer Jeff Buckley’s body was found floating in the Mississippi River.
2008: TV presenter Michael Parkinson is knighted by The Queen at Buckingham Palace.
2012: Herb Reed, bass singer and founder member with doo-wop group The Platters died aged 83.
2017: Ariana Grande headlines benefit concert for victims of her Manchester concert bombing. Coldplay, Katy Perry and Justin Bieber also appear.
2018: Donald Trump tweets: “I have the absolute right to pardon myself.”
2019: Former US school security guard Scot Peterson is charged with neglect of a child and culpable negligence for not confronting a gunman during the Parkland school massacre in a landmark case.
BIRTHDAYS: Geoffrey Palmer, actor, 93; Bruce Dern, actor, 84; Cliff Bennett, singer, 80; Michelle Philips, actress/singer, 76; Roger Ball, saxophonist (Average White Band) 76; Bob Champion, racehorse trainer, 72; Reeves Gabrels, guitarist (Tin Machine/Bowie/The Cure), 64; Bradley Walsh, comedian/actor, 60; Noah Wyle, actor, 49; Russell Brand, comedian/actor, 45; Angelina Jolie, actress/director, 45; T J Miller, actor/comedian, 39; Emmanuel Eboué, footballer, 37 Mollie King, singer (The Saturdays) 33.