70AD: Titus and his Roman legions breach the middle wall of Jerusalem.
1625: Death of composer Orlando Gibbons.
1661: Isaac Newton is admitted as a student to Trinity College, Cambridge.
1806: The Batavian Republic becomes the Kingdom of Holland.
1827: The Turks capture the Acropolis and take Athens during the Greek War of Independence.
1873: Sultan Bargash bin Said under British pressure closes the infamous slave market of Zanzibar in modern day Tanzania.
1900: Pretoria, capital of the Boer Republic of South Africa, falls to the British.
1902: Scotsman Sandy Herd wins the British Open at the Royal Liverpool Golf Club by one stroke from Harry Vardon and James Braid.
1912: US marines invade Caimanera, Cuba.
1916: British Secretary of State for War, Gen Horatio Kitchener drowns at 65 after the HMS Hampshire strikes a German mine.
1927: Rene Lacoste wins the second of three French tennis championship titles, beating Bill Tilden 6-4, 4-6, 5-7, 6-3, 11-9.
1929: Ramsey MacDonald forms a minority Labour government.
1940: A synthetic rubber tyre is exhibited in Akron, Ohio, by the Goodyear Tyre & Rubber Company. On the same day, General Charles de Gaulle becomes French junior minister of Defence.
1942: The US declares war on Bulgaria, Hungary and Romania.
1943: Philippine President José P. Laurel survives assassination attempt after being shot 4 times with a 45 caliber pistol while playing golf at Wack Wack Golf Course in Mandaluyong.
1944: The first British gliders touch down on French soil to prepare for the D-Day invasion. On the same day, the Allies march into Rome, General Eisenhower decides to proceed with the D-Day invasion on June 6.
1945: Benjamin Britten’s opera “Peter Grimes” premieres in London.
1947: US Secretary of State George Marshall outlines the “Marshall Plan” to rebuild Western Europe.
1949: Enid Blyton’s Noddy first appears in the “Sunday Graphic”.
1952: The test cricket debut of Freddie Trueman against India at Headingley. On the same day, Jersey Joe Walcott beats Ezzard Charles for the world heavyweight boxing title.
1963: Minister of War John Profumo resigns due to his sexual relationship with Christine Keeler.
1966: Ann Haydon-Jones of England beats American Nancy Richie 6-3, 6-1 for her second French tennis singles crown.
1967: Six-day war begins between Israel and Egypt, Jordan and Syria.
1968: Robert Kennedy is shot in the head by Palestinian Sirhan Sirhan in the kitchen of the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles as he was leaving after campaigning for the Democratic nomination for the presidency of the US.
1969: Race riot in Hartford, Connecticut.
1970: The Falls Road curfew in Belfast, imposed by the British Army while searching for IRA weapons, is lifted after a march by women breaches the British Army cordon.
1971: Evonne Goolagong wins her first career Grand Slam singles title at the French Open Tennis Championships, beating fellow Australian Helen Gourlay 6-3, 7-5.
1974: Sly Stone marries model-actress Kathy Silva on stage at Madison Square Garden before a concert.
1975: As Pink Floyd listened to a playback of Shine On You Crazy Diamond (a song about former member Syd Barrett) in Abbey Road Studios during recording for the album Wish You Were Here, a strange man with a shaved head and no eyebrows walked into the studio. He remained silent apart from one comment about volume and only Rick Wright recognised him as Syd. He left and the band never saw him again but when Wright told the others who it had been David Gilmour and Roger Waters are said to have been reduced to tears. On the same day, the UK votes 67% to 33% in a referendum to remain part of the European Common Market and Egyptian president Anwar Sadat reopens the Suez Canal after eight years.
1977: Alice Cooper’s boa constrictor, a co-star of his live act suffered a fatal bite from a rat it was being fed for breakfast. On the same day, blues musician Sleepy John Estes dies aged 78.
1981: The AIDS epidemic officially begins when the US Centre for Disease Control reports on pneumonia affecting five gay men in Los Angeles.
1982: Martina Navratilova beats American teenager Andrea Jaeger 7-6, 6-1 for her first French Open tennis singles crown.
1984: Indira Gandhi orders an attack on Sikhs’ holiest site, the Golden Temple in Amritsar.
1988: Mats Wilander of Sweden wins his third French Open tennis title, beating home favourite Henri Leconte 7-5, 6-2, 6-1.
1990: Original Steely Dan drummer Jim Hodder, drowned in his swimming pool aged 42. On the same day, South African troops plunder Nelson Mandela’s home.
1993: Country singer Conway Twitty died from an aortic aneurysm. On the same day, singer Mariah Carey married the President of Sony Music, Tommy Mottola in Manhattan.
1999: Steffi Graf wins her 22nd and final Grand Slam title, beating Martina Hingis at the French Open 4-6, 7-5, 6-2.
2002: Dee Dee Ramone, (Douglas Glenn Colvin), bass guitarist with the Ramones died from a heroin overdose aged 49.
2004: Former US President Ronald Reagan dies aged 93.
2006: Serbia declares independence from the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro.
2012: Death of author Ray Bradbury aged 91.
2013: The first article based on NSA leaked documents by contractor Edward Snowden are published by the Guardian Newspaper.
2016: The four members of ABBA performed alongside one another for the first time since 1982 at a private gala to mark 50 years since songwriting duo Bjorn Ulvaeus and Benny Andersson met for the first time in Stockholm. On the same day, Novak Djokovic beats Andy Murray 3-6, 6-1, 6-2, 6-4 to win his first French Open tennis title.
2018: Hollywood movie mogul Harvey Weinstein pleads not guilty to rape and sexual assault charges in court in New York. On the same day, the UN says that the Tump administration’s policy of separating immigrant children from their families violates international law.
BIRTHDAYS: Moira Anderson, singer, 82; Margaret Drabble, author, 81; Laurie Anderson, avant garde artist, 73; David Hare, playwright, 73; Nicko McBrain, drummer (Iron Maiden) 68; Peter Erskine, drummer (Weather Report/Steps Ahead) 66; Kenny G (Gorelick) saxophonist, 64; Richard Butler, singer (The Psychedelic Furs) 64; Mark Wahlberg, actor, 49; Ross Noble, comedian, 44; Pete Wentz, bassist/singer (Fallout Boy) 41.