1099: First crusaders arrive in Jerusalem.
1329: Death of Robert the Bruce, king of Scotland.
1494: Spain and Portugal divide the new world along a meridian 370 leagues west of the Cape Verde islands, off the west coast of Africa with the Treaty of Tordesillas.
1520: Field of the Cloth of Gold; meeting begins between Henry VIII and Francis I of France.
1546: England signs the Peace of Andres with Scotland/Ireland.
1557: England declares war on France.
1614: The second parliament of James I dissolves passing no legislation.
1628: Charles I ratifies the Petition of Rights.
1654: Louis XIV is crowned King of France.
1665: Samuel Pepys writes in his diary of houses marked with a red cross in London’s Drury Lane, meaning somebody inside is infected with the plague.
1780: Hundreds die in an anti Catholic riot in London.
1798: Thomas Malthus publishes the first edition of his influential ‘Essay on the Principle of Population’.
1848: Birth of French post-impressionist painter Paul Gauguin.
1863: Mexico City is captured by the French.
1893: Gandhi begins his first act of civil disobedience.
1906: Launch of the Cunard liner Lusitania.
1909: Mary Pickford (Gladys Smith) makes her screen debut at the age of 16.
1917: The British detonate mines beneath the German-held Messines Ridge, in the Ypres area.
1924: Climber George Mallory disappears 775ft from the summit of Mt Everest.
1929: Margaret Bondfield becomes the first British female cabinet minister when she becomes head of the Ministry of Labour. On the same day, Vatican City becomes a sovereign state.
1936: Mobster Charles “Lucky” Luciano is convicted on 62 counts of compulsory prostitution.
1937: Film star Jean Harlow (Harlean Carpenter) dies from peritonitis aged 26. On the same day, Time magazine publishes the second of the only two known photos taken of the US Supreme Court in session.
1939: George VI and Queen Elizabeth become the first British monarchs to visit the USA.
1942: The Japanese are defeated in the Battle of Midway. On the same day, the German Army marches into Sebastopol, Russia.
1944: British forces attack Bréville in France during the Normandy invasion while other British forces attempt to encircle Caen.
1954: Mathematician, computer pioneer and code breaker, Alan Turing, commits suicide aged 41.
1955: Dwight D Eisenhower becomes the first US President to appear on colour TV. On the same day, Indian prme minister Jawaharlal Nehru visits the USSR.
1963: The Rolling Stones make their first TV appearance on Thank Your Lucky Stars, miming to their debut single, a cover of Chuck Berry’s Come On.
1964: During their first US tour, The Rolling Stones are booed off stage at a gig in San Antonio, Texas.
1965: Sony Corp introduces its home video tape recorder.
1967: Israel captures Wailing Wall in East Jerusalem, Jericho and Bethlehem. On the same day, writer Dorothy Parker dies aged 73.
1968: Sirhan Sirhan is indicted for the assassination of US Senator Robert Kennedy.
1969: Supergroup Blind Faith, featuring Eric Clapton, Ginger Baker, Rick Grech and Steve Winwood made their live debut at a free concert in Hyde Park. On the same day, Australian Margaret Court beats Ann Haydon-Jones of England 6-1, 4-6, 6-3 for her third French singles title.
1970: England goalkeeper Gordon Banks makes the ‘greatest ever save’ from Pele in the England v Brazil World Cup match in Mexico. Brazil went on to win the game 1-0 with a goal from Jairzinho. On the same day, writer E M Forster dies aged 91.
1972: West German Chancellor Willy Brandt visits Israel.
1975: Sony introduces the Betamax video cassette recorder.
1977: More than one million people line the streets of London as The Queen marks the start of her silver jubilee. On the same day, The Sex Pistols attempt to perform their song God Save The Queen on a boat on the River Thames, but are forced to stop by the police.
1979: Chuck Berry is charged with tax evasion.
1981: Israel shocks the world by destroying the Osirak nuclear plant near the Iraqi capital Baghdad for fear it would be used to make atomic bombs. On the same day, Bjorn Borg wins his 11th and final career Grand Slam title beating Ivan Lendl 6-1, 4-6, 6-2, 3-6, 6-1 for the French Open.
1982: US President Ronald Reagan meets with Pope John Paul II at The Vatican then the Queen in London.
1986: Chris Evert beats Martina Navratilova 2-6, 6-3, 6-3 for her 18th and final Grand Slam title and record 7th French singles crown.
1989: South African runner Zola Budd retires aged 23.
1990: Michael Jackson is hospitalised with chest pains. On the same day, South African President F W de Klerk lifts the country’s four-year state of emergency.
1993: Prince changes his name to a symbol.
1994: Dramatist Dennis Potter dies aged 59.
1996: Make up inventor Max Factor Jr dies aged 91.
2000: Prime Minister Tony Blair is heckled and criticised by Women’s Institute members as he gives a speech at their conference.
2001: Tony Blair’s Labour Party wins a landslide victory in the general election.
2006: The Houses of Parliament are temporarily shut down due to an anthrax alert.
2009: Roger Federer wins his only French title, beating Robin Söderling of Sweden 6-1, 7-6, 6-4.
- Boom Boom Pow – Black Eyed Peas
- Bonkers – Dizaee Rascal/Armand van Helden
- Fire – Kasabian
- Release Me – Ages
- Red – Daniel Merriweather
- Knock You Down – Keri Hilson/Kanye West/Ne-Yo
- Kiss Me Through The Phone – Souja Boy Tellem ft Sammie
- Number 1 – Tinchy Stryder ft N Dubz
- Untouched – The Veronicas
- In For The Kill – La Roux
- Sunny Side Up – Paolo Nuttini
- Love & War – Daniel Merriweather
- Relapse – Eminem
- Escala – Escala
- Passione – Paul Potts
- It’s Not Me It’s You – Lily Allen
- 21st Century Breakdown – Green Day
- Can’t Take/Mizundaztood/Try This – Pink
- Invaders Must Die – The Prodigy
- The Fame – Lady Gaga
2010: Former Stereophonics drummer and BBC Radio Wales presenter Stuart Cable, is found dead at him home near Aberdare in Wales aged 40.
2012: Remains of the Curtain Theatre, where some of Shakespeare’s plays were first performed are found under a pub in London. On the same day, the body of former Fleetwood Mac guitarist Bob Welch is found after an apparent suicide at his home in Nashville.
2015: Death of actor Sir Christopher Lee aged 93.
2017: Police warn bald men against attacks in Mozambique after five men are murdered for the gold believed to be in their heads.
2018: Baltimore ex-police sergeant Wayne Earl Jenkins, head of a rogue police unit, is sentenced to 25 years for robbery and racketeering.
2020: In Bristol, the statue of 17th century slave trader Edward Colston is pulled down by protestors.
BIRTHDAYS: Virginia McKenna, actress, 90; Sir Tom Jones (Woodward), singer, 81; Napoleon Murphy Brock, saxophonish/singer (Frank Zappa/Zappa Plays Zappa) 76; Liam (William) Neeson, actor, 69; Paddy McAloon, singer-songwriter (Prefab Sprout) 64; Mike Pence, former US Vice President, 62; Damien Hirst, atist, 56; Dave Navarro, guitarist ((Jane’s Addiction) 54; Adam Buxton, comedian/writer, 52; Karl Urban, actor, 49; Bear (Edward) Grylls, TV presenter, 47; Bill Hader, comedian/actor/writer, 43; Anna Torv, actress, 42; Anna Kournikova, tennis star, 40; Charlie Simpson, guitarist/singer (Busted) 36; Michael Cera, actor, 33; London Hughes, comedian, 32; Amy Childs, TV personality, 31; Iggy Azalea, singer, 31; Emily Ratajkowski, model/actress, 30; Sara Niemietz, singer, 29; George Ezra, singer-songwriter, 28.