1099: The first crusaders arrive in Jerusalem.
1329: Death of Robert the Bruce, king of Scotland.
1494: Spain and Portugal divide the new world along a meridian 370 leagues west of the Cape Verde islands, off the west coast of Africa with the Treaty of Tordesillas.
1520: Field of the Cloth of Gold; meeting begins between Henry VIII and Francis I of France.
1546: England signs the Peace of Andres with Scotland/Ireland.
1557: England declares war on France.
1614: The second parliament of James I dissolves passing no legislation.
1628: Charles I ratifies the Petition of Rights.
1654: Louis XIV is crowned King of France.
1665: Samuel Pepys writes in his diary of houses marked with a red cross in London’s Drury Lane, meaning somebody inside is infected with the plague.
1780: Hundreds die in an anti Catholic riot in London.
1798: Thomas Malthus publishes the first edition of his influential ‘Essay on the Principle of Population’.
1848: Birth of French post-impressionist painter Paul Gauguin.
1863: Mexico City is captured by the French.
1893: Gandhi begins his first act of civil disobedience.
1906: Launch of the Cunard liner Lusitania.
1909: Mary Pickford (Gladys Smith) makes her screen debut at the age of 16.
1917: The British detonate mines beneath the German-held Messines Ridge, in the Ypres area.
1924: Climber George Mallory disappears 775ft from the summit of Mt Everest.
1929: Margaret Bondfield becomes the first British female cabinet minister when she becomes head of the Ministry of Labour. On the same day, Vatican City becomes a sovereign state.
1936: Mobster Charles “Lucky” Luciano is convicted on 62 counts of compulsory prostitution.
1937: Film star Jean Harlow (Harlean Carpenter) dies from peritonitis aged 26.
1939: George VI and Queen Elizabeth become the first British monarchs to visit the USA.
1944: British forces attack Bréville in France during the Normandy invasion while other British forces attempt to encircle Caen.
1954: Mathematician, computer pioneer and code breaker, Alan Turing, commits suicide aged 41.
1955: Dwight D Eisenhower becomes the first US President to appear on colour TV. On the same day, Indian prme minister Jawaharlal Nehru visits the USSR.
1965: Sony Corp introduces its home video tape recorder.
1967: Writer Dorothy Parker dies aged 73.
1969: Supergroup Blind Faith, featuring Eric Clapton, Ginger Baker, Rick Grech and Steve Winwood made their live debut at a free concert in Hyde Park. On the same day, Australian Margaret Court beats Ann Haydon-Jones of England 6-1, 4-6, 6-3 for her third French singles title.
1970: Writer E M Forster dies aged 91.
1975: Sony introduces the Betamax video cassette recorder.
1977: The Sex Pistols attempt to perform on a boat on the River Thames during the Queen’s jubilee, but are forced to stop by the police.
1980: Writer Henry Miller dies aged 88.
1981: Bjorn Borg wins his 11th and final career Grand Slam title beating Ivan Lendl 6-1, 4-6, 6-2, 3-6, 6-1 for the French Open.
1986: Chris Evert beats Martina Navratilova 2-6, 6-3, 6-3 for her 18th and final Grand Slam title and record 7th French singles crown.
1990: Michael Jackson is hospitalised with chest pains. On the same day, South African President F W de Klerk lifts the country’s four-year state of emergency.
1993: Prince changes his name to a symbol.
1994: Dramatist Dennis Potter dies aged 59.
1996: Make up inventor Max Factor Jr dies aged 91.
2001: Tony Blair’s Labour Party wins another landslide victory in the General Election.
2009: Roger Federer wins his only French title, beating Robin Söderling of Sweden 6-1, 7-6, 6-4.
2010: Former Stereophonics drummer and BBC Radio Wales presenter Stuart Cable, was found dead at his home near Aberdare, Wales aged 40. On the same day, Eagles guitarist Joe Walsh was granted a restraining order against an elderly neighbour who allegedly threatened to kill him.
2012: Former Fleetwood Mac guitarist Bob Welch committed suicide at his home in Nashville. On the same day, remains of the Curtain Theatre, where some of Shakespeare’s plays were first performed are found under a pub in London..
2015: Death of actor Sir Christopher Lee aged 93
BIRTHDAYS: Virginia McKenna, actress, 89; Sir Tom Jones (Woodward), singer, 80; Liam Neeson, actor, 68; Paddy McAloon, singer/songwriter (Prefab Sprout) 63; Mike Pence, US vice president, 61; Damien Hirst, artist, 55; Dave Novarro, guitarist (Jane’s Addiction) 53; Karl Urban, actor, 48; Bear (Edward) Grylls, author/TV presenter, 46; Bill Hader, comedian/actor, 42; Anna Kournikova, former tennis star, 39; Charlie Simpson, singer-guitarist (Busted) 35; Michael Cera, actor, 32; Iggy Azalea, singer, 30; Emily Ratajkowski, model/actress, 29; George Ezra, singer/songwriter 27.