452: Attila the Hun invades Italy.
793: Vikings in long ships from modern-day Norway plunder St Cuthbert’s monastery on Lindisfarne Island off the north east coast of England.
1191: Richard I arrives at Acre in modern day Israel during the Third Crusade.
1376: Edward The Black Prince dies of dysentery aged 46.
1405: Richard le Scrope, Archbishop of York and Thomas Mowbray, Earl of Norfolk, are executed in York on the orders of Henry IV.
1761: The British fleet occupies Belle Île off the Brittany Coast.
1779: Admiral Horatio Nelson and Captain Thomas Hardy on HMS Foudroyant set sail against the Spanish fleet.
1783: The volcano Laki in Iceland begins an 8-month eruption, killing 10,000 and causing widespread famine throughout Asia and Europe.
1795: Louis XVII of France dies aged 10.
1809: Death of writer Thomas Paine aged 72.
1812: Robert Jenkinson becomes Prime Minister of the UK after the assassination of Spencer Percival.
1824: The Washing machine patented by Canadian Noah Cushing.
1831: Actress Sarah Siddons dies aged 75.
1845: Death of former US President Andrew Jackson aged 78.
1861: Tennessee votes to secede from the Union in the American Civil War.
1874: Death of Apache leader Cochise aged 68.
1886: The first Home Rule Bill for Ireland is defeated by 343 votes to 313 in the House of Commons.
1899: Harry Vardon wins the British Open golf tournament.
1916: Germans capture Fort Vaux after several days of intense fighting during the Battle of Verdun.
1941: British and French troops overthrow pro-German Syria.
1949: Siam changes its name to Thailand.
1953: England play an international under floodlights for the first time at New York’s Yankee Stadium against the USA in a 6-3 victory.
1963: Dr Stephen Ward, a London osteopath and friend of Christine Keeler, is arrested and charged with living on immoral earnings.
1965: US troops are ordered to fight offensively in Vietnam. On the same day, the USSR launches Luna 6, which misses the Moon by 99,000 miles.
1968: James Earl Ray is arrested at Heathrow Airport in connection with the murder of American civil rights leader Martin Luther King.
1969: Mick Jagger, Keith Richards and Charlie Watts visit Brian Jones at his home to discuss his future in the Rolling Stones. A press statement is later issued saying that Brian is leaving the group. On the same day, General Franco closes Spain’s frontier with Gibraltar and Rod Laver beats Ken Rosewall 6-4, 6-3, 6-4 to win the French Open men’s tennis.
1970: Deep Purple have their van and equipment impounded by East German police while on an European tour after mistakenly driving too close to the border.
1972: Test cricket debut of Tony Greig v Australia at Old Trafford.
1974: Rick Wakeman quits Yes after admitting he disliked the band’s latest album Tales From Topographic Oceans. At one point on tour, during a lengthy spell where he was not required to play, he instructed a roadie to get him an Indian takeaway, which he proceeded to eat behind his keyboards.
1978: British yachtswoman Naomi James breaks the solo round-the-world sailing record by two days.
1980: Bjorn Borg wins his third straight French Open men’s singles tennis title, defeating Vitas Gerulaitis 6-4, 6-1, 6-2.
1982: Forty eight British servicemen die as the Sir Galahad and Sir Tristram are bombed in an Argentinian air attack in Bluffs Cove, Falkland Islands. On the same day, US President Ronald Reagan addresses the British Parliament.
1985: Chris Evert beats Martina Navratilova 6-3, 6-7, 7-5 for her 17th Grand Slam title and sixth French Open tennis singles crown.
1986: Former UN secretary general and alleged former Nazi sympathiser, Kurt Waldheim, is elected President of Austria.
1987: Yogi Horton a session drummer with Luther Vandross, jumps to his death from a 17th floor hotel window, having told his wife he was tired of living in the singer’s shadow.
1988: Death of broadcaster Russell Harty.
1998: Sepp Blatter replaces João Havelange as President of FIFA. On the same day, Noel Gallagher, Paul Weller and Martin Carr from The Boo Radleys are involved in a fight at Dingwalls in Camden.
1999: Former cabinet minister Jonathan Aitken is jailed for 18 months after admitting he lied during a libel action against The Guardian newspaper and Granada TV.
2002: Serena Williams wins her first French tennis title, beating older sister Venus 7-5, 6-3.
2003: Singles chart:
- Bring Me To Life – Evanescence
- Ignition Remix – R Kelly
- I Know What You Want – Busta Rhymes and Mariah Carey
- Say Goodbye – S Club 7
- Gay Bar – Electric Six
- Forever And For Always – Shania Twain
- Get Busy – Sean Paul
- Fly On The Wings Of Love – XTM & DJ Chucky PTS Annia
- Rock Your Body – Justin Timberlake
- Shakespeare’s Way With Words – One True Voice
- You Gotta Go There To Come Back – Stereophonics
- Best: The Greatest Hits Of – S Club 7
- St Anger – Metallica
- Fallen – Evanescence
- Justified – Justin Timberlake
- Stripped – Christina Aguilera
- How The West Was Won – Led Zeppelin
- Elephant – The White Stripes
- Busted – Busted
- Labour Of Love Vol I, II and III – UB40
2007: George Michael is sentenced to 100 hours of community service and banned from driving for two years at Brent Magistrates court after being arrested the previous October when he was found slumped at the steering wheel of his car.
2008: Rafa Nadal equals Björn Borg’s Open era record of four consecutive French tennis titles, beating Roger Federer 6-1, 6-3, 6-0.
2017: Ex-FBI chief James Comey testifies to a US Senate committee that US President Donald Trump told “lies plain and simple”. On the same day, the General Election results in a hung parliament with Theresa May and the Tories losing their majority.
2018: Former Fleetwood Mac guitarist Danny Kirwan dies aged 68.
2019: Actor Chris Pratt marries Katherine Schwarzenegger in California.
2020: Singer Bonnie Pointer dies from a cardiac arrest aged 69.
BIRTHDAYS: Millicent Martin, singer, 87; Nancy Sinatra, singer, 81; Fred Dineage, TV presenter, 79; Colin Baker, actor, 78; Boz (William) Scaggs, singer-songwriter/guitarist, 77; Julie Driscoll (Tippett), singer, 74; Mick Box, guitarist (Uriah Heep) 74; Annie Haslam, singer (Renaissance) 74; Bonnie Tyler (Gaynor Sullivan), singer, 68; Sir Tim Berners Lee, inventor of the World Wide Web, 66; Griffin Dunne, actor/director, 66; Keenen Ivory Wayans, actor/filmmaker, 63; Jakko (Michael) Jakszyk, guitarist/singer (King Crimson) 63; Mick Hucknall, singer-songwriter (Simply Red), 61; Nick Rhodes (Bates), keyboardisr (Duran Duran) 59; Julianna Margulies, actress, 55; Neil Mitchell, keyboards (Wet Wet Wet), 54; Shappi Khorsandi, comedian, 48; Lindsay Davenport, tennis commentator, 45; Kayne West, rapper, 44; Sturgill Simpson singer, 43; Derek Trucks, guitarist, 42; Kim Clijsters, tennis champion, 38; Javier Mascherano, footballer, 37; Joel Dommett, comedian/TV presenter, 36.