452: Attila the Hun invades Italy.
793: Vikings in long ships from modern-day Norway plunder St Cuthbert’s monastery on Lindisfarne Island off the north east coast of England.
1191: Richard I arrives at Acre in modern day Israel during the Third Crusade.
1376: Edward The Black Prince dies of dysentery aged 46.
1405: Richard le Scrope, Archbishop of York and Thomas Mowbray, Earl of Norfolk, are executed in York on the orders of Henry IV.
1761: The British fleet occupies Belle Île off the Brittany Coast.
1779: Admiral Horatio Nelson and Captain Thomas Hardy on HMS Foudroyant set sail against the Spanish fleet.
1783: The volcano Laki in Iceland begins an 8-month eruption, killing 10,000 and causing widespread famine throughout Asia and Europe.
1795: Louis XVII of France dies aged 10.
1809: Death of writer Thomas Paine aged 72.
1812: Robert Jenkinson becomes Prime Minister of the UK after the assassination of Spencer Percival.
1824: The Washing machine patented by Canadian Noah Cushing.
1831: Actress Sarah Siddons dies aged 75.
1845: Death of former US President Andrew Jackson aged 78.
1861: Tennessee votes to secede from the Union in the American Civil War.
1874: Death of Apache leader Cochise aged 68.
1886: The first Home Rule Bill for Ireland is defeated by 343 votes to 313 in the House of Commons.
1899: Harry Vardon wins the British Open golf tournament.
1916: Germans capture Fort Vaux after several days of intense fighting during the Battle of Verdun.
1941: British and French troops overthrow pro-German Syria.
1949: Siam changes its name to Thailand.
1965: US troops are ordered to fight offensively in Vietnam. On the same day, the USSR launches Luna 6, which misses the Moon by 99,000 miles.
1968: James Earl Ray, assassin of Martin Luther King Jr., is captured at Heathrow Airport.
1969: Mick Jagger, Keith Richards and Charlie Watts visited Brian Jones at his home in Sussex to discuss his future in the group. The Stones later issued a press statement saying that Jones was leaving the band. On the same day, General Franco closes Spain’s frontier with Gibraltar and Rod Laver beats Ken Rosewall 6-4, 6-3, 6-4 to win the French Open men’s tennis.
1970: Deep Purple had their van and equipment impounded by East German police while on an European tour, after mistakenly driving too close to the border.
1972: Test cricket debut of Tony Greig v Australia at Old Trafford.
1974: Rick Wakeman quits Yes after admitting he disliked the band’s album Tales From Topographic Oceans. At one point on tour, during a lengthy spell where he was not required to play, he instructed a roadie to get him an Indian takeaway, which he proceeded to eat behind his keyboards.
1980: Bjorn Borg wins his third straight French Open men’s singles tennis title, defeating Vitas Gerulaitis 6-4, 6-1, 6-2.
1982: The HMS Sir Galahad is attacked in San Carlos Water (“Bomb Alley”) by Argentine aircraft during the Falklands conflict, killing 48 soldiers and crewmen. On the same day, US President Ronald Reagan addresses the British Parliament.
1985: Chris Evert beats Martina Navratilova 6-3, 6-7, 7-5 for her 17th Grand Slam title and 6th French Open tennis singles crown.
1986: Former UN secretary general and alleged former Nazi, Kurt Waldheim, is elected President of Austria.
1987: Yogi Horton a session drummer with Luther Vandross, jumped to his death from a 17th floor hotel window, having told his wife he was tired of living in the singer’s shadow.
1988: Death of broadcaster Russell Harty.
1998: Noel Gallagher, Paul Weller and Martin Carr from The Boo Radleys were all involved in a fight at Dingwalls, Camden.
2002: Serena Williams wins her first French tennis title, beating older sister Venus 7-5, 6-3.
2007: George Michael is sentenced to 100 hours of community service and banned from driving for two years at Brent Magistrates court after being arrested the previous October when he was found slumped at the steering wheel of his car.
2008: Rafa Nadal equals Björn Borg’s Open era record of four consecutive French tennis titles, beating Roger Federer 6-1, 6-3, 6-0.
2017: Ex-FBI chief James Comey testifies to a US Senate committee that US President Donald Trump told “lies plain and simple”. On the same day, the General Election results in a hung parliament with Theresa May and the Tories losing their majority.
2018: Former Fleetwood Mac guitarist Danny Kirwan dies aged 68.
2019: Actor Chris Pratt marries Katherine Schwarzenegger in California.
BIRTHDAYS: Millicent Martin, singer, 86; Nancy Sinatra, singer, 80; Colin Baker, actor, 77; Boz (William) Scaggs, singer-guitarist, 76; Mick Box, guitarist (Uriah Heep) 73; Julie Driscoll, singer, 73; Annie Haslam, singer (Renaissance) 73; Bonnie Tyler, singer, 67; Griffin Dunne, actor/director, 65; Sir Tim Berners-Lee, inventor of the world wide web, 65; Keenan Ivory Wayans, comedian, 62; Mick Hucknall, singer (Simply Red) 60; Nick Rhodes (Bates), keyboards (Duran Duran) 58; Julianna Margulies, actress, 54; Neil Mitchell, keyboards (Wet Wet Wet) 53; Lindsay Davenport, tennis star, 44; Kanye West, rapper, 43; Derek Trucks, guitarist, 41; Kim Clijsters, tennis star, 37; Javier Mascherano, footballer, 36.