It happened today – this day in history – March 1

1445: Birth of Renaissance artist Sandro Botticelli.

1565: Portuguese soldier Estácio de Sá founds the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

1587: Puritan English parliamentary leader Sir Peter Wentworth is confined in the Tower of London.

1711: The first issue of “The Spectator” is published.

1810: Birth of composer Frederic Chopin in Poland.

1811: Egyptian king Muhammad Ali Pasha oversees the ceremonial murder of 500 people.

1845: US President John Tyler signs a resolution annexing the Republic of Texas.

1872: Yellowstone becomes the world’s first national park.

1896: Henri Becquerel discovers radioactivity.

1916: Germany begins attacking ships in the Atlantic.

1932: The 20 month old son of aviation pioneer Charles Lindbergh is kidnapped from the family home in New Jersey.

1934: Primo Carnera beats American challenger Tommy Loughran by unanimous points decision at Madison Square Garden, NYC for the NYSAC and NBA heavyweight boxing titles.

1936: The Boulder Dam is completed between Nevada and Arizona.

1941: German troops invade Bulgaria.

1946: The government nationalises and takes control of the Bank of England after 252 years.

1947: The International Monetary Fund begins operation.

1949: Former world heavyweight boxing champion Joe Louis retires after defending his title a record 25 times.

1950: Berkshire nuclear scientist Klaus Fuchs is sentenced to 14 years imprisonment for espionage after being found guilty of spying for the Soviet Union.

1953: Stalin suffers a stroke.

1954: The biggest explosion ever made by man is witnessed in the Pacific when US scientists explode their second H-bomb at Bikini Atoll.

1958: West Indian cricket all-rounder Gary Sobers turns his maiden Test century into a world record 365no in the Windies’ third Test win over Pakistan in Kingston, Jamaica.

1961: US President John F Kennedy establishes the Peace Corps.

1965: Australian swimming authorities suspend triple Olympic gold medal winner Dawn Fraser for 10 years for misconduct at the 1964 Tokyo Olympics after being accused of swimming the moat and stealing the Olympic flag from outside Emperor Hirohito’s palace, which she has always denied.

1967: Working on the Sgt Pepper album, The Beatles start recording the John Lennon song Lucy In The Sky With Diamonds at EMI Studios in Abbey Road, St John’s Wood. The song was inspired by a drawing made at school by his son Julian. On the same day, Dominica and St Lucia gain independence from Britain.

1968: Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice’s “Joseph and the Amazing Technicolour Dreamcoat” is first performed as a 15-minute pop cantata at Colet Court School in London. On the same day, Johnny Cash marries June Carter in Kentucky.

1969: Jim Morrison of The Doors is charged with lewd and lascivious behaviour after allegedly showing his penis to the audience during a show in Miami.


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1971: Hundreds of thousands of workers across Britain take part in an unofficial day of protest against the government’s new Industrial Relations Bill.

1972: Two Catholic teenagers are shot dead by the RUC while joyriding in a stolen car in Belfast.

1973: Armed Palestinian group Black September seize the Saudi Arabian embassy in Khartoum.

1974: Chris Difford places an ad in a shop window in Deptford saying: ‘Lyricist seeks musician for co-writing’. Glen Tillbrook answers and the pair go on to form Squeeze.

1978: Charlie Chaplin’s coffin and remains are stolen from a Swiss cemetery in an extortion plot.

1980: Everton legend Dixie Dean dies at his spiritual home Goodison Park while attending an Everton v Liverpool game. On the same day, Patti Smith and MC5 guitarist Fred Sonic Smith get married in Detroit.

1981: Republican prisoners in the Maze begin a second hunger strike; among them is Bobby Sands.

1982: Russian spacecraft Venera 14 lands on Venus.

1987: Singles chart:

  1. Stand By Me – Ben E King
  2. When A Man Loves A Woman – Percy Sledge
  3. Live It Up – Mental As Anything
  4. Male Stripper – Man 2 Man Meets Man Parrish
  5. Crush On You – Jets
  6. Running In The Family – Level 42
  7. Everything I Own – Boy George
  8. Down To Earth – Curiosity Killed The Cat
  9. The Great Pretender – Freddie Mercury
  10. I Get The Sweetest Feeling – Jackie Wilson
1987: Queen – Live Magic

Album chart:

  1. The Phantom Of The Opera – Original Cast
  2. The World Won’t Listen – The Smiths
  3. The Very Best Of – Hot Chocolate
  4. Graceland – Paul Simon
  5. Picture Book – Simply Red
  6. Silk And Steel – Five Star
  7. August – Eric Clapton
  8. Live Magic – Queen
  9. The Final Countdown – Europe
  10. Give Me The Reason – Luthr Vandross

1990: Whistleblowers and journalists risk criminal prosecution if they reveal information viewed as damaging to the defence of the UK as a new Official Secrets Act comes into force.

1991: Frank Smith from Air Supply dies of pneumonia in Melbourne, Australia.

1994: Fred West is charged with two further murders following the discovery of more human remains in the garden of his Gloucester home, bringing the total at that point to three. On the same day, Nirvana play their final concert at The Terminal Einz in Munich, Germany.

1995: During a gig at the Patinoire Auditorium in Lausanne, Switzerland, REM drummer Bill Berry collapses on stage from a ruptured brain aneurysm.

1997: Middleweight Sugar Ray Leonard retires after being knocked out by Héctor Camacho.

2002: The peseta is discontinued as official currency of Spain and is replaced with the Euro.

2006: Death of Chelsea legend Peter Osgood aged 59.

2014: Newcastle manager Alan Pardew headbutts Hull midfielder David Meyler during a touchline spat. He is fined £100,000 by his club, another £60,000 by the FA and banned from the touchline for seven games.

2016: Drummer Ginger Baker goes into immediate retirement after being diagnosed with serious heart problems.

2017: Gustav Klimt’s painting “Bauerngarten” sells for $59.3m in London.

2020: Turkey launches a major offensive in Northern Syria.

2021: Former French President Nicholas Sarkozy is sentenced to three years in prison for trying to bribe a judge. On the same day, footballer and television presenter Ian St John dies aged 82.

2022: President Joe Biden says Vladimir Putin has “badly miscalculated” by invading Ukraine in his State of the Union address.

2023: Joni Mitchell receives Library of Congress Gershwin Prize at the DAR Constitution Hall in Washington, D.C. On the same day, legendary French footballer Just Fontaine dies aged 89.

Paul Hollywood (Photo: Mosaic Marketing)

BIRTHDAYS: Michael Giles, drummer (King Crimson) 81; Mike D’Abo, singer-songwriter, 80; Roger Daltrey, singer (The Who) 80; Dirk Benedict, actor, 79; Martin O’Neill, football manager, 72; Ron Howard, director, 70; Tim (James) Daly, actor, 68; Nik Kershaw, singer-songwriter, 66; Paul Hollywood, TV presenter, 58; Zack Snyder, director/screenwriter, 58; Dafydd Leuan, drummer (Super Furry Animals) 55; Javier Bardem, actor, 55; Jensen Ackles, actor/director, 46; Lupita Nyong’o, actress, 41, Kesha (Sebert), singer-songwriter, 37; Justin Bieber, singer, 30.