537: Goths lay siege to Rome.
1513: Giovanni de’ Medici chosen as Pope Leo X.
1702: The first English daily newspaper The Daily Courant published.
1708: Queen Anne withholds Royal Assent from the Scottish Militia Bill – the last time a British monarch vetoes legislation.
1845: In New Zealand, chiefs Hone Heke and Kawiti lead 700 Māoris to chop down the British flagpole and drive settlers out of the British colonial settlement of Kororareka because of breaches of the 1840 Treaty of Waitangi.
1851: Guiseppe Verdi’s opera “Rigoletto” premieres in Venice.
1867: Guiseppe Verdi’s opera “Don Carlos” premieres in Paris.
1876: In the FA Cup Final at Kennington Oval, Wanderers and Old Estonians draw, 1-1; Wanderers win the replay, 3-0.
1900: Prime Minister Lord Salisbury rejects peace overtures from Boer leader Paul Kruger.
1915: Britain declares a blockade of all German ports.
1917: British forces occupy Baghdad.
1918: Moscow becomes the capital of revolutionary Russia.
1941: President Franklin D Roosevelt signs Lend-Lease Bill.
1942: The first deportation train leaves Paris for Auschwitz Concentration Camp. On the same day, Japanese troops land on North Sumatra.
1955: Alexander Fleming, the inventor of penicillin, dies aged 73.
1958: Ole Kirk Christiansen, inventor of LEGO, dies of a heart attack aged 66.
1967: Music publisher, Dick James, announced that 446 different versions of the song Yesterday had been recorder in the two years since it was written.
1969: Sci-fi author John Wyndham dies aged 65.
1970: Death of writer Earl Stanley Gardner aged 80.
1974: Mt Etna erupts on Sicily.
1978: French singer Claude Francois was electrocuted changing a light bulb while standing in his bathtub..
1985: Mikhail Gorbachev replaces Konstantin Chernenko as Soviet leader.
1986: Blues artist Sonny Terry dies aged 74.
1988: The pound note ceases to be legal tender, replaced by one pound coin.
1990: Lithuania declares its Independence from the Soviet Union.
1996: Pulp singer Jarvis Cocker walked free from Kensington police station after they failed to charge him with any criminal offence following his stage invasion during Michael Jackson’s performance of “Earthsong” at the Brit Awards on February 19.
1997: The ashes of Star Trek creator, Gene Roddenberry are launched into space. On the same day, Paul McCartney is knighted by The Queen.
2003: The International Criminal Court holds its inaugural session in The Hague.
2004: Terrorists explode simultaneous bombs on Madrid’s rail network ripping through a commuter train and rocking three stations, killing 190.
2006: Death of Slobodan Milosevic, former president of Serbia
2013: North Korea cuts the phone line with South Korea, breaching the 1953 armistice.
2015: Jurors in Los Angeles decided that the 2013 single “Blurred Lines” written by Pharrell Williams and Robin Thicke breached the copyright of Marvin Gaye’s 1977 hit ‘Got To Give It Up’. The family of the late soul singer were awarded $7.3m in damages.
2016: Keyboards player Keith Emerson died in Santa Monica, California, of a self-inflicted gunshot wound to the head. Long standing nerve damage to his hand was restricting his playing ability.
2018: Death of comedian Ken Dodd aged 90.
2019: Drummer Hal Blaine of The Wrecking Crew session musicians, one of the most recorded musicians in pop music history died of natural causes at his home in Palm Desert, California age 90.
BIRTHDAYS: Rupert Murdoch, media mogul, 89; Mark Stein, keyboards/vocals (Vanilla Fudge) 73; Bruce Watson, guitarist (Big Country) 59; Elias Koteas, actor, 59; Peter Berg, actor/director, 58; Alex Kingston, actress, 57; Shane Richie, actor/comedian, 56; John Barrowman, actor/singer, 53; Lisa Loeb, singer, 52; Rami Jaffee, keyboards (Foo Fighters) 51; Terence Howard, actor, 51; Johnny Knoxville, actor/co creator of Jackass, 49; Didier Drogba, former footballer, 42; Joel and Benji Madden, musicians, (Good Charlotte) 41; Thora Birch, actress, 38; Jodie Comer, actress, 27; Andrew Robertson, footballer, 26