1322: The Battle of Boroughbridge takes place in the First War of Scottish Independence.
1660: The English Long Parliament disbands.
1690: Louis XIV sends French troops to Ireland.
1792: King Gustav III of Sweden is shot by Count Jacob Johan Anckarström at a masked ball at the Opera; he dies on March 29.
1834: Charles Darwin aboard HMS Beagle, anchors in the recently British-acquired Falklands Islands for the first time.
1867: First publication of an article by Joseph Lister outlining the discovery of antiseptic surgery, in “The Lancet”.
1872: The first FA Cup Final at Kennington Oval. Wanderers defeat Royal Engineers, 1-0.
1896: Premiere of Mahler’s “Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen”.
1900: Sir Arthur Evans rediscovers the bronze age city of Knossos in Crete.
1917: Grand Duke Michael, brother of Tsar Nicholas II declines the Russian throne.
1922: Egypt achieves independence from Britain, but British troops remain.
1926: Robert H Goddard launches the first liquid-fueled rocket – 56 meters.
1935: Adolf Hitler orders German re-armament in violation of The Treaty of Versailles.
1944: French Vichy Internal minister Pierre Pucheu is sentenced to death for treason.
1948: Jazz singer Billie Holiday is released from prison early because of good behaviour.
1953: Marshal Josef Tito of Yugoslavia is the first Communist head of state to visit Britain.
1955: President Dwight D Eisenhower upholds the use of atomic weapons in case of war.
1964: The Beatles set a new record for advance sales in the US with 2,100,000 copies of their latest single ‘Can’t Buy Me Love.’
1966: Gemini 8 is launched with Neil Armstrong and Gordon Scott. The mission is aborted after 6.5 orbits when the craft goes into a spin. The crew only survive through Armstrong’s unequalled skill as a pilot.
1968: The My Lai massacre occurs when American soldiers kill 400 unarmed Vietnamese civilians in one of the most controversial incidents of the Vietnam War. On the same day, Robert Kennedy announces his campaign for president.
1970: Singer Tammi Terrell dies of a brain tumour at the age of 24.
1972: John Lennon’s lawyers lodge an appeal with the US immigration office after he was served with a deportation order.
1975: Death of blues guitarist T-Bone Walker (Aaron Thibeaux) aged 64.
1976: Prime Minister Harold Wilson announces his resignation to a shocked nation.
1977: The cancellation of the Sex Pistols’ record contract with A&M is made official.
1978: The tanker Amoco Cadiz spills 223,000 tons of crude oil off the French coast. On the same day, former Italian premier Aldo Moro is kidnapped at gunpoint in Rome by members of the Red Brigade.
1980: Singles chart:
- Going Underground – The Jam
- Together We Are Beautiful – Fern Kinney
- Take That Look Off Your Face – Marti Webb
- Turning Japanese – The Vapours
- Dance Yourself Dizzy – Liquid Gold
- Games Without Frontiers – Peter Gabriel
- Atomic – Blondie
- Working My Way Back To You – The Detroit Spinners
- All Night Long – Rainbow
- Do That To Me One More Time – The Captain and Tenille
- Tears And Laughter – Johnny Mathis
- Tell Me On A Sunday – Marti Webb
- String Of Hits – The Shadows
- Greatest Hits – Rose Royce
- Heartbreakers – Matt Munro
- Get Happy – Elvis Costello & The Attractions
- Reggatta De Blanc – The Police
- Nobody’s Heroes – Stiff Little Fingers
- Outlandos D’Amour – The Police
- The Last Dance – Various Artists
1985: Associated Press correspondent Terry Anderson is taken hostage in Beirut.
1988: Loyalist gunman Michael Stone kills three mourners and injures at least 50 people attending a funeral for the IRA members shot dead on Gibraltar by the SAS. On the same day, thousands of people die in a poison gas attack in the northern Iraq town of Halabja. Also, a federal grand jury indicts Col Oliver North and Gen John Poindexter in the Iran-Contra affair.
1995: Ice skater Tonya Harding pleads guilty to felony attack on rival Nancy Kerrigan.
1996: Mike Tyson defeats Frank Bruno in Round 3 for the world heavyweight title. On the same day, England beats Ireland, 28-15 at Twickenham for a second consecutive Five Nations Rugby Championship and Triple Crown.
2001: Claire Marsh, 19, is convicted of rape after holding down and punching a 37-year old woman during a gang sex attack on a canal towpath in west London.
2002: The game between West Bromwich Albion and Sheffield United is abandoned when the Blades are reduced to six men through sendings off and injuries.
2003: The largest coordinated worldwide vigil takes place, as part of the global protests against Iraq war.
2005: Israel officially hands over Jericho to Palestinian control.
2006: The United Nations General Assembly votes overwhelmingly to establish the UN Human Rights Council.
2012: A Turkish NATO helicopter crashes into a house killing ten people in the outskirts of Kabul, Afghanistan. On the same day, George Clooney and several other prominent participants, including Martin Luther King III, are arrested outside the Sundanese Embassy for civil disobedience.:
2013: Wales routs England by a record 30-3 at the Millennium Stadium, Cardiff to retain the Six Nation Rugby Championship.
2014: Voters in Crimea choose overwhelmingly to leave Ukraine and rejoin Russia.
2015: Andy Fraser, songwriter and bass guitarist with Free, dies of a heart attack caused by atherosclerosis aged 62.
2016: US college student Otto Warmbier is sentenced to 15 years hard labour for trying to steal a political poster, in Pyongyang, North Korea.
2017: US President Donald Trump’s second travel ban is blocked by two federal courts.
2019: Guitarist Dick Dale dies of heart failure at the age of 81.
BIRTHDAYS: Victor Garber, actor, 72; Jimmy Nail (Bradford), actor/singer, 67; Nancy Wilson, guitarist/songwriter (Heart), 67; Flavor Flav (William Drayton), rapper (Public Enemy) 62; Jenny Eclair (Hargreaves) comedian, 61; Patty Griffin, singer, 57; Alan Tudyk, actor, 50; Blu Cantrell (Tiffany Cobb) singer, 45; Alexandra Daddario, actress, 35; Theo Walcott, footballer, 32; Wolfgang Van Halen, bassist (Van Halen) 30; Dominic Calvert-Lewin, footballer, 24.