It happened today – this day in history – March 18

37AD: Caligula (Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus) becomes emperor of Rome.

1496: Birth of Mary Tudor, daughter of Henry VII.

1532: Parliament bans payments by the English church to Rome.

1662: The world’s first public bus service begins in Paris.

1748: Death of Robert Walpole, first Prime Minister of Great Britain aged 68.

1754: Thomas Pelham-Holles becomes Prime Minister on the death of his brother Henry Pelham.

1773: Oliver Goldsmith’s play “She Stoops to Conquer” premieres in London.

1791: Robert Burns’ poem “Tam o’ Shanter,” is published in the Edinburgh Herald.

1834: Six farm labourers from Tolpuddle, Dorset, are sentenced to be transported to Australia for forming a trade union.

1881: Barnum & Bailey Circus, travelling as “The Greatest Show on Earth”, debuts in New York City.

1882: Morgan Earp is assassinated by outlaws while playing billiards in a saloon in Tombstone, Arizona.

1890: German Chancellor, Otto von Bismarck, resigns after 19 years after a disagreement with Kaiser Willhelm II.

1893: Birth of poet Wilfred Owen in Oswestry, Shropshire.

1899: Phoebe, a moon of Saturn is discovered by William Pickering.

1913: King George I of Greece is assassinated in the recently liberated city of Thessaloniki.

1922: British magistrates in India sentence Mahatma Gandhi to six years imprisonment for disobedience.

1931: The first electric shavers go on sale in the US.

1940: Italy joins Germany in the war against Britain and France.

1944: Nazi Germany occupies Hungary.

1945: 1,250 US bombers attack Berlin.

1965: Mick Jagger, Bill Wyman, Brian Jones and Keith Richards of The Rolling Stones were each fined £5 for urinating in a public place agsinst a wall at a petrol station after a gig at the ABC Theatre in Romford. On the same day, cosmonaut Alexey Leonov becomes the first person to walk in space.

1967: The Oil tanker Torrey Canyon hits a rock off Cornwall and spills oil into the sea.

1978: Former Pakistani premier Ali Bhutto is sentenced to death. On the same day, Wales beat France, 16-7 at the National Stadium, Cardiff to clinch its 20th outright Five Nations Rugby Championship, a record 8th Grand Slam and record 3rd consecutive Triple Crown.

1980: A Vostok rocket explodes on the launch pad of the Plesetsk Cosmodrome in Mirny while being refuelled, killing 50.

1982: Singer Teddy Pendergrass’ spinal cord is severed in a car accident in Philadelphia.

1989: A 4,400-year-old mummy is found in the Pyramid of Cheops, Egypt.

1990: Conservatives beat Communists in the first free elections in East Germany.

1991: After attending an in-store promo appearance , U2were fined £500 after being found guilty of selling condoms illegally at the Virgin Megastore, Dublin.

1995: England beats Scotland, 24-12 at Twickenham to claim the Five Nations Rugby Championship, Grand Slam, Triple Crown and Calcutta Cup.

2000: England clinch the inaugural Six Nations Rugby Championship with a 59-12 thrashing of Italy at Stadio Flaminio, Rome.

2001: John Phillips of the Mamas and The Papas died of heart failure aged 65. On the same day, four girls were killed and two others were seriously injured in a stampede amongst fans at an in-store appearance by British boy band A1 in the Indonesian capital of Jakarta.

2007: Former England Test cricketer, and Pakistan coach Bob Woolmer is found dead one day after his team’s defeat to Ireland puts them out of the World Cup in the West Indies.

2008: Death of director Anthony Minghella aged 54.

2009: Actress Natasha Richardson dies from a traumatic brain injury following a skiing accident.

2011: Jet Harris, original bass guitarist for The Shadows, died from throat cancer at the age of 71.

2012: A football match between Olympiacos and Panathinaikos is abandoned after fans set fire to Athens’ Olympic Stadium.

2014: Russia formally annexes Crimea, previously part of Ukraine. by signing Treaty on Accession. On the same day, the US closes the Syrian embassy in Washington and expels all Syrian diplomats.

2017: Rock n roll legend Chuck Berry died aged 90.

2018: Vladimir Putin is elected to a new six-year term as Russian President with 76% of the vote – his fourth term.

BIRTHDAYS: Charley Pride, country singer, 86; Brad Dourif, actor, 70; Luc Besson, director, 61; Irene Cara, singer, 61; Vanessa Williams, actress/singer, 57; Courtney Pine, saxophonist, 56; Jerry Cantrell, guitarist/vocalist (Alice In Chains) 54; Queen Latifa (Dana Owens), rapper/actress, 50; Michael Rapaport, actor, 50; Danny Murphy, football pundit, 43; Adam Levine, singer (Maroon 5) 41; Sophia Myles, actress, 40; Marvin Humes, singer/TV presenter (JLS) 35; Lily Collins, actress, 31.

Mick Ferris

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