It happened today – this day in history – March 19

1227: Count Ugolino of Segna elected Pope Gregory IX.

1571: Spanish troops occupy Manila in The Philippines.

1644: 200 members of the Peking imperial family and court commit suicide in loyalty to the Emperor.

1799: Joseph Haydn’s “Die Schöpfung” premieres in Vienna.

1808: Charles IV of Spain abdicates after riots and a popular revolt at the winter palace Aranjuez. His son, Ferdinand VII, takes the throne.

1831: In the first US bank robbery, the City Bank in New York is robbed of $245,000.

1848: Birth of frontiersman Wyatt Earp.

1859: The opera “Faust” by Charles Gounod premieres in Paris.

1861: The First Taranaki War ends in New Zealand.

1863: Confederate cruiser SS Georgiana is destroyed on her maiden voyage with a cargo of munitions, and medicines then valued at over $1,000,000. The wreck is discovered exactly 102 years to the day later.

1930: Death of former prime minister Arthur Balfour aged 81.

1931: Nevada legalizes gambling.

1932: Sydney Harbour Bridge is opened.

1937: Astronomer Fritz Zwicky publishes his research on stellar explosion in which he coins the term “supernova”.

1938: Scotland beats England, 21-16 at Twickenham, London to win the Home Nations Rugby Championship, Triple Crown and Calcutta Cup.

1940: The French government of Edouard Deladier falls.

1943: British 8th army opens assault on Mareth line, Tunisia. On the same day, in teor third meeting, Jake LaMotta finally defeats Jimmy Reeves by knocking him out in the sixth round.

1945: 800 are killed as Kamikaze pilots attack the USS Franklin off Japan. On the same day, Adolf Hitler issues the “Nero Decree” to destroy all German factories.

1946: French Guyana, Guadeloupe, Martinique & Reunion become overseas “departments” of France. On the same day, Nikolai Mikhailovich Schwernik succeeds Kalinin as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

1950: Death of Tarzan of the Apes author Edgar Rice Burroughs aged 74.

1951: Herman Wouk’s novel “The Caine Mutiny” is published.

1953: The Academy Awards are televised for the first time with Gary Cooper winning the Oscar for best actor in High Noon.

1964: Three new cities – Milton Keynes, Havant and Basingstoke – are proposed for south east England as part of the largest regional expansion plan in Britain. On the same day, Prime Minister Harold Wilson presents The Beatles with their awards for showbusiness personalities of the year for 1963 at London’s Dorchester Hotel.


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1965: Teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence discovers the wreck if the SS Georgiana (See 1863).

1974: On TV (Tuesday)

THAMES

09.30For Schools; Seeing and Doing

09.50Writer’s Workshop

10.10You’re Telling Me

10.30This Week

11.00For Schools; Figure It Out

11.20Picture Box

11.35Reflections

12.00Kiri

12.05Mister Trimble

12.25Issi Noho

12.40First Report

13.00Jim’s World

13.30Emmerdale Farm

14.00Marked Personal

14.30Good Afternoon

15.00About Britain

15.30The Avengers

16.25 – 16.50Junior Showtime

17.20F Troop

17.50 – 18.20Magpie; News

18.00Today

18.40Crossroads

19.05Des O’Connor Entertains

19.35Tuesday Mystery Movie: Banacek
TV film sstarring George Peppard

21.00Napoleon and Love
Ian Holm as the French general

22.00News at Ten

22.30Nine Miles High in a Hot-Air Balloon

23.30Adam’s Rib


BBC ONE

09.38For Schools, Colleges

12.30Dechrau Canu

12.55News

13.00Pebble Mill at One

13.45Bagpuss

14.02For Schools, Colleges

14.50Natural Break

15.00Day and Night

15.30Petticoat Junction

15.58Regional News

16.00Play School

16.25Peter

16.35Jackanory

16.50Scooby-Doo

17.10John Craven’s Newsround

17.20Vision On

17.45National News

18.00Nationwide

18.40A Question of Sport
Henry Cooper and Cliff Morgan captain two teams of sporting celebrities with David Vine asking the questions

19.10Film: Abbott and Costello Hit The Ice (1943)

20.30Whatever Happened to the Likely Lads?
Comedy series starring James Bolam and Rodney Bewes.

21.00Nine O’Clock News

21.25Air Crash Detective

22.20Film 74
Barry Norman talks to John Boorman about his new film Zardoz, starring Sean Connery.

22.50Midweek

23.35Late Night News

23.40Ancient and Modern


BBC TWO

06.40Open University

07.30Closedown

11.00Play School

11.25Closedown

17.25Open University

19.05Closedown

19.30News Summary

19.35The Great Match

20.30Pot Black

21.00Candide

22.30The Old Grey Whistle Test
Bob Harris introduces Sassafras, War and Stefan Grossman in the studio

23.00News Extra

1976: Buckingham Palace announces that Princess Margaret and Lord Snowdon are to separate after 16 years of marriage. On the same day, Paul Kossof, guitarist with Free and Back Street Crawler dies aged 25 of heart failure during a flight from Los Angeles to New York.

1977: France beats Ireland, 15-6 at Lansdowne Road, Dublin to clinch its sixth outright Five Nations Rugby Championship and second Grand Slam.

1982: A group of Argentinians land at the British colony of the Falkland Islands in the south Atlantic and plant their nation’s flag. On the same day, Randy Rhodes, of Ozzy Osbourne’s band, is killed along with crew member Rachel Youngblood and coach driver Andrew Aycock when a small aircraft they were in clipped the tour bus and crashed in flames.

1987: American televangelist Jim Bakker resigns amid a rape accusation by his secretary, Jessica Hahn.

1988: Two British soldiers are lynched in Belfast.

1989: Wales beats England, 12-9 at Cardiff Arms Park to allow France to claim it’s 9th outright Five Nations Rugby Championship.

1992: Buckingham Palace announces the Duke and Duchess of York are to separate.

1996: Winnie and Nelson Mandela divorce.

2003: Airstrikes by an American and British-led coalition signal the beginning of the invasion of Iraq.

2004: Taiwanese president Chen Shui-bian is shot a day before the country’s presidential election.

2005: Wales beat Ireland, 32-20 at the Millennium Stadium, Cardiff, to win the Six Nations Rugby Championship and become the first team to complete a Grand Slam playing more games away than at home.

2006: Singles chart:

  1. No Tomorrow – Orson
  2. It’s Chico Time – Chico
  3. Pump It – Black Eyed Peas
  4. Beep – The Pussycat Dolls ft will.i.am
  5. Put Your Records On – Corinne Bailey Rae
  6. Whole Lotta History – Girls Aloud
  7. Red Dress – Sugababes
  8. Touch The Sky – Kanye West ft Lupe Fiasco
  9. Sorry – Madonna
  10. Thunder In My Heart Again – Meck ft Leo Sayer
2006: David Gilmour – On An Island

Album chart:

  1. Corinne Bailey Rae – Corinne Bailey Rae
  2. The Voice: The Ultimate Collection – Russell Watson
  3. In Between Dreams – Jack Johnson
  4. On An Island – David Gilmour
  5. Amore – Andrea Bocelli
  6. In The Hands Of Love – Vittorio Grigolo
  7. Meds – Placebo
  8. Eye To The Telescope – K T Tunstall
  9. Whatever People Say I Am That’ss What I’m Not – Arctic Monkeys
  10. Greatest Hits – David Essex

2007: Soul singer Luther Ingram died from a heart attack at the age of 69.

2008: Death of author and inventor of the communications satellite, Arthur C. Clarke aged 90. On the same day, actor Paul Schofield dies of leukemia aged 86.

2014: Russia captures the Ukrainian naval base in Sevastopol.

2016: England beats France 31-21 at Stade de France, Paris, to claim Six Nations Rugby Championship abd secure their first Grand Slam since 2003.

2018: Mississippi signs into law the US’s strictest abortion laws, no termination after 15 weeks. On the same day, the World’s last male northern white rhino dies in Kenya.

2019: Kazakhstan President Nursultan Nazarbayev announces his resignation after nearly 30 years in office.

2020: The death toll in Italy from COVID-19 at 3,405 surpasses China’s official total (3,245) making it then the worst-affected country in the world.

BIRTHDAYS: Ursula Andress, actress, 86; Glenn Close, actress, 75; Bruce (Walter) Willis, actor, 67; Terry Hall, singer (The Specials) 63; Nigel Clough, football manager, 56; Warren Barton, footballer, 53; Jack Bessant, bassist (Reef) 51; Dean Smith, football manager, 51; Kolo Touré, footballer, 41; Hakim Ziyech, footballer, 29; Héctor Bellerín (Moruno), footballer, 27.

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