It happened today – this day in history – March 20

1413: Death of Henry IV.

1616: Walter Raleigh is released from the Tower of London to seek gold in Guyana.

1760: The Great Fire of Boston destroys 349 buildings.

1800: Alessandro Volta reports his discovery of the electric battery in a letter to Joseph Banks, president of the Royal Society of London.

1815: Napoleon enters Paris after escaping from Elba.

1852: “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” by Harriet Beecher Stowe, published.

1861: An earthquake completely destroys Mendoza, Argentina.

1868: The Jesse James Gang robs a bank in Russellville, Kentucky, of $14,000.

1873: Birth of composer Sergei Rachmaninov in Starorussky Uyezd, Russia.

1888: Premiere of the first Romani language operetta staged in Moscow.

1892: Capt. Roddy Owen wins the Grand National aboard 20/1 chance Father O’Flynn.

1916: The Allies attack Zeebrugge, Belgium.

1917: After the sinking of three more American merchant ships, US President Woodrow Wilson meets with cabinet, who agree that war is inevitable.

1930: Fast food restaurant chain “KFC” [Kentucky Fried Chicken] is founded by Colonel Harland Sanders.

1932: Stanley Matthews makes his league debut for Stoke City against Bury.

1933: Dachau the first Nazi concentration camp, is completed.

1937: England beats Scotland, 6-3 at Murrayfield, Edinburgh to clinch the Home Nations Rugby Championship and Triple Crown.

1944: Mt Vesuvius erupts in Italy.

1952: Humphrey Bogart wins the Oscar for best actor at the Academy Awards for his role in The African Queen.

1956: Tunisia gains independence from France.

1960: Elvis Presley started his first recordings since being discharged from the US Army. A 12 hour session in a Nashville recording studio produced his next No.1 single, Stuck On You. Guitarist Scotty Moore and double bassist Bill Black, who had quit in 1957, were in the studio with him for the last time.

1964: The Beatles appeared live on the television program Ready Steady Go!, miming to It Won’t Be Long, You Can’t Do That, and Can’t Buy Me Love. They were also presented with a special award from Billboard magazine, in recognition of them having the top three singles on the US singles chart. On the same day, author and poet Brendan Behan dies aged 41.

1966: The World Cup (Jules Rimet Trophy) is stolen while on exhibition in Central Hall, Westminster.

1969: John Lennon marries Yoko Ono on Gibraltar. On the same day, Ethiopian marathon legend Abebe Bikila is paralysed in a car accident near Addis Ababa.

1970: David Bowie married Mary Angela Barnett at Bromley Register Office in Kent.


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1971: Northern Ireland Prime Minister James Chichester-Clark resigns in protest at what he views as a limited security response by the British government to The Troubles.

1972: The Provisional IRA detonates its first car bomb on Donegall Street, Belfast; four civilians, two RUC officers and a UDR soldier are killed, 148 people were wounded.

1974: Princess Anne and her husband Captain Mark Phillips escape a kidnap attempt in Pall Mall.

1976: Aston Villa’s Chris Nichol becomes only the second player to score all four goals the 2-2 First Division draw with Leicester City at Filbert Street. On the same day, heiress Patti Hearst is convicted of armed robbery. Also, rocker Alice Cooper marriess choreographer Sheryl Goddard in Acapulco, Mexico.

On TV (Saturday)

LONDON WEEKEND


09.00Catch ’76

09.25Parents Day

09.50Saturday Scene

12.30World of Sport
Presented by Dickie Davies including On The Ball with Brian Moore,the ITV Seven horse racing, wrestling and results


17.05News

17.15Cartoons

17.30Supersonic

18.00New Faces
Talent show introduced by Derek Hobson. The panel of Ted Ray, Tony Hatch, Jimmy Henney and George Elrick critique seven acts never heard of again.


19.00Celebrity Squares

19.45Mister Kingstreet’s War

21.30The Best of Upstairs, Downstairs
Classic drama set in the early 1900s


22.30News

22.45The International Pop Proms

23.45Emergency


BBC ONE

08.55The Mister Men

09.00Ring-a-Ding

09.10Marine Boy

09.35Champion the Wonder Horse

10.00Play Rugby

10.25On the Move

10.35Zorro

11.00The Little House on the Prairie

11.50Laurel and Hardy

12.10Pie in the Eye

12.27Weather

12.30Grandstand
Including the boat race, Football Focus with Bob Wilson, racing from Chepstow and results


17.30News

17.40Sport/Regional News

17.45Dixon of Dock Green

18.35Saturday Night at the Movies: Gl Blues (1960)
Elvis in the army in Germany – includes the song Wooden Heart.


20.15Cilla
Cilla Black with guest stars Mike and Bernie Winters


21.00Cannon
US crime series starring William Conrad.


21.50News

22.00Match of the Day Special
Football League action from earlier in the day introduced by Jimmy Hill followed at 11pm by The Welterweight Championship of the World: John H Stacey v Hedgemon Lewis.


23.55Saturday Night at the Mill
Relaxed conversation and informal entertainment, from Pebble Mill with guests Terry Thomas and Demis Roussos.



BBC TWO

15.05Saturday Cinema: Malaga (1954)
An undercover agent goes to Tangier to discover the leader of a vast smuggling ring. Stars Maureen O’Hara.


16.25Play Away

16.55The Money Programme

18.05Westminster

18.35Open Door

19.05News and Sport

19.20Rugby Special

20.10Our Mutual Friend
Serialised version of the story by Charles Dickens


21.002nd House – The Mammoth In The Ice
Film about Russian art introduced by Melvyn Bragg.


22.05Second City Firsts: The Visitor by Denise Robertson
Series of new plays from Birmingham


22.40Network

23.30News on 2

23.35Open Door

1977: Former French prime minister Jacques Chirac becomes Paris’ first mayor in a century.

1988: Mike Tyson KO’s Tony Tubbs in Round 2 for the world heavyweight boxing title. On the same day, jazz composer/arranger Gil Evans dies aged 75.

Singles chart:

  1. Don’t Turn Around – Aswad
  2. Drop The Boy – Bros
  3. I Should Be So Lucky – Kylie Minogue
  4. Can I Play With Madness – Iron Maiden
  5. Could’ve Been – Tiffany
  6. Joe Le Taxi – Vanessa Paradis
  7. Crash – The Primitives
  8. These Dreams – Heart
  9. Ship Of Fools – Erasure
  10. I Get Weak – Belinda Carlisle
1988: Morrissey Viva Hate

Album chart:

  1. Viva Hate – Morrissey
  2. Best Of… – OMD
  3. Naked – Talking Heads
  4. Heresay All Mixed Up – Alexander O’Neal
  5. From Langley Park To Memphis – Prefab Sprout
  6. Introducing The Hardline According To – Terence Trent D’Arby
  7. Unforgettable – Various Artists
  8. Tear Down These Walls – Billy Ocean
  9. Popped In Souled Out – Wet Wet Wet
  10. Whenever You Need Somebody – Rick Astley

1989: Two senior RUC officers negotiating cross-border security co-operation in south Armagh are ambushed and shot dead by the IRA.

1990: Singer Gloria Estefan suffers a serious back injury when her tour bus is rammed by a tractor-trailer on the way to a concert. Husband Emilio and their son Nayib are also injured.

1991: Eric Clapton’s four year old son, Conor, falls to his death from the 53rd floor of a New York City apartment building his mother was visiting after a housekeeper left a window open. On the same day, Michael Jackson signs a $1billion contract with Sony, the richest deal in recording history.

1993: Two children, Jonathan Ball, 3, and Tim Parry, 12 (who died fve days later), are killed and more than 50 people are injured as two IRA bombs explode in the centre of Warrington.

1995: A poison gas attack in a Japanese subway kills 12 and injures 4,700.

1996: Brothers Erik and Lyle Menendez are found guilty of killing their parents in the US. On the same day, the UK admits humans can catch CJD (Mad Cow Disease).

1997: Police were investigating singer Mark Morrison after they discovered he had sent a friend to carry out his community service, a sentence he was given after being involved in a fight.

2001: Jon Lee, Paul Cattermole and Bradley McIntosh from pop group S Club 7 are apprehended by police as they walked through Covent Garden openly smoking a joint. They are taken to Charring Cross police station and held for four hours.

2003: American missiles hit the Iraqi capital, Baghdad, signalling the start of the campaign to topple Saddam Hussein.

2005: A 6.6 magnitude earthquake hits Fukuoka, Japan, its first major quake in over 100 years.

2008: Death of German musician Klaus Dinger (Neu!) aged 61.

2013: Death of Horror writer James Herbert aged 69.

2016: Barack Obama becomes the first US President to visit Cuba since 1928.

2020: Singer Kenny Rogers dies aged 81.

BIRTHDAYS: Lee ‘Scratch’ Perry, record producer, 85; William Hurt, actor, 71; Carl Palmer, drummer (ELP/Asia) 70; Jimmie Vaughan, guitarist/singer (The Fabulous Thunderbirds) 70; Spike (Shelton) Lee, director/screenwriter, 63; Holly Hunter, actress, 63; Steve McFadden, actor, 62; Richard Drummie, guitarist (Go West) 62; Dave Beasant, goalkeeper, 62; Slim Jim Phantom, (James McDonnell), drummer (The Stray Cates) 60; Jesper Olsen, Danish footballer, 60; David Thewlis (Wheeler), actor, 58; Paul Merson, footballer/pundit, 53; Michael Rapaport, actor, 51; Alex Kapranos, guitarist/singer (Franz Ferdinand) 49; Freema Agyeman, actress, 42; Fernando Torres, Spanish footballer, 37; Ruby Rose (Langenheim) actress, 35; Anna Todd, author, 32; Marcos (Faustino) Rojo, footballer, 31; Baron Trump, son of Donald, 15.

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