1413: Henry of Monmouth, Prince of Wales, becomes King Henry V of England.
1610: King James I of England and VI of Scotland addresses the House of Commons.
1617: Death of native American princess Pocahontas aged 22.
1702: Queen Anne addresses Parliament.
1788: Fire destroys 856 buildings in New Orleans.
1826: Beethoven’s “String Quartet No. 13” in B flat major (Op 130) premieres in Vienna.
1860: Novelist George Eliot (Mary Anne Evans) finishes her novel “The Mill on the Floss” in Wandsworth.
1871: Journalist Henry Morton Stanley begins his famous expedition to Africa.
1872: John Page wins his second Grand National aboard 20/1 shot Casse Tete.
1902: Birth of Delta Blues artist Son (Eddie) House.
1925: Edinburgh’s Murrayfield Stadium officially opens. On the same day, Tennessee becomes the first state to outlaw the teaching of the theory of evolution. This was not repealed until 1967.
1933: Day of Potsdam in Nazi Germany, a ceremony to open the new Reichstag after the fire in February.
1934: Fire destroys Hakodate, Japan, killing about 1,500.
1935: Persia is officially renamed Iran.
1941: Joe Louis KOs Abe Simon in 13 for heavyweight boxing title.
1943: Failed assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler.
1945: Humphrey Bogart marries Lauren Bacall.
1953: England beat Scotland, 26-8 at Twickenham to clinch their 14th Five Nations Rugby Championship.
1957: “Orpheus Descending” by Tennessee Williams premieres in New York.
1959: Michael Scudamore wins the Grand National aboard 8/1 second favourite Oxo; only 4 of 32 starters finish the race.
1963: Alcatraz prison in San Francisco Bay is closed.
1965: Martin Luther King Jr begins march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama.
1970: Dana wins the Eurovision Song Contest for Ireland with “All Kinds Of Everything” in Amsterdam.
1973: The BBC banned all teenybopper acts appearing on Top of the Pops after a riot following a David Cassidy performance.
1974: An attempt is made to kidnap Princess Anne in Pall Mall. It’s thwarted when she refuses the kidnapper’s order for her to get out of her car.
1975: Ethiopia abolishes its monarchy after 3,000 years.
1979: The Egyptian parliament unanimously approves a peace treaty with Israel.
1980: Hugh Cornwell of The Stranglers was sent to Pentonville Prison after losing his appeal against a drugs conviction.
1984: Strawberry Fields, an area in Central Park bought by Yoko Ono in memory of her late husband was opened.
1985: Death of actor Michael Redgrave from Parkinson’s Disease, aged 77.
1990: Namibia becomes independent of South Africa.
1991: Leo Fender, inventor of the Telecaster and Stratocaster guitars died from Parkinson’s disease.
1994: Bruce Springsteen won an Oscar for the song ‘Streets of Philadelphia.’ Schindler’s List wins best movie for Steven Spielberg.
1997: Snoop Doggy Dog was sentenced to three years probation and fined $1,000 after a handgun was found in his car.
1999: Gwyneth Paltrow wins the best actress Oscar for her role in “Shakespeare In Love” at the Academy Awards. On the same day, comedian Ernie Wise dies aged 73.
2002: Schoolgirl Milly Dowler is abducted in broad daylight on her way home in Walton-on-Thames.
2013: The European Space Agency reveals new data that indicates the universe is 13.82 billion years old.
2015: Singer/songwriter Jackie Trent died in hospital aged 74 in Minorca after a long illness.
2016: A rare Beatles record found in the loft of Les Maguire – the pianist with fellow Liverpool act, Gerry and the Pacemakers sold for £77,500 at auction. The 10-inch acetate of ‘Till There Was You’ and ‘Hello Little Girl’ from 1962 was described as ‘a Holy Grail item’.
2017: Crime writer Colin Dexter dies aged 86. On the same day, Sinn Fein politician Martin McGuinness dies from a heart condition aged 66.
2018: TV presenter Ant McPartlin is charged with drink driving following an accident in London.
2019: New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern announces a ban on military-style semiautomatic weapons, 6 days after the Christchurch terrorist attack.
BIRTHDAYS: Baron Michael Heseltine, former Secretary of State for Defence, 87; Chip Taylor (James Voight), songwriter, 80; Rose Stone, musician (Sly and the Family Stone) 75; Ray Dorset, musician (Mungo Jerry) 74; Timothy Dalton, actor, 74; Roger Hodgson, musician/songwriter (Supertramp) 70; Conrad Lozano, bassist (Los Lobos) 69; Gary Oldman, actor, 62; Matthew Broderick, actor, 58; Rosie O’Donnell, actress/TV host, 58; Ronald Coeman, football manager, 57; Adrian Chiles, TV presenter, 53; Lee Cattermole, footballer, 32; Rochelle Humes, singer/TV presenter, 31; Antoine Griezmann, footballer, 29.