871: Ethelred van Wessex defeats the Danish invasion army at the Battle of Marton.
1421: The French defeat the English at the Battle of Baugé.
1556: Cardinal Reginald Pole becomes Archbishop of Canterbury.
1622: Powhatan indians massacre 347 Europeans in Jamestown, Virginia.
1797: Birth of Kaiser Wilhelm I, German emperor.
1873: Slavery is abolished in Puerto Rico.
1887: Birth of Chico (Leonard) Marx in New York.
1888: The English Football League is established.
1889: Sheffield United is formed at the Adelphi Hotel, Sheffield, by the President of the Sheffield Cricket Club, Sir Charles Clegg.
1895: Auguste and Louis Lumiere show their first movie to an invited audience.
1941: The Grand Coulee Dam in Washington goes into operation. On the same day, James Stewart is inducted into the Army, becoming the first major American movie star to wear a military uniform in the Second World War.
1944: Movie star James Stewart flies his 12th combat mission, leading the 2nd Bomb Wing in an attack on Berlin.
1946: The first The US rocket to leave the Earth’s atmosphere (50 miles) is launched.
1949: Bill Shankly becomes manager of Carlisle United.
1952: Wales win the Five Nations Rugby Championship, Grand Slam & Triple Crown with a 9-5 win over France at St. Helen’s Ground, Swansea.
1954: The London bullion market reopens for the first time since the outbreak of the Second World War.
1956: Civil rights leader Martin Luther King is convicted of organising an illegal boycott by black passengers of buses in Alabama. On the same day, driving to New York for appearances on The Perry Como Show and The Ed Sullivan Show, the car that Carl Perkins is travelling in is involved in an accident putting him in hospital for several months and killing his brother.
1960: The first patent for lasers is granted to Arthur Schawlow and Charles Townes.
1963: The Secretary of State for War, John Profumo, denies any impropriety with model Christine Keeler. On the same day, The Beatles’ first album Please Please Me is released.
1965: The US confirms its troops used chemical warfare against the Vietcong. On the same day, Nicolae Ceausescu is elected General Secretary of the Romanian Communist Party.
1967: Muhammad Ali KOs Zora Folley in Round 7 for the heavyweight boxing title.
1971: Brian Faulkner becomes the Prime Minister of Northern Ireland.
1977: Indira Gandhi resigns as Prime Minister of India.
1979: The British ambassador in Holland, Sir Richard Sykes, is shot dead by the Provisional IRA outside his home. On the same day, they explode 24 bombs in various locations across Northern Ireland.
1980: Teenager Annabel Schild is reunited with her mother after being released from seven months in captivity on Sardinia.
1987: Singles chart:
- Respectable – Mell and Kim
- Everything I Own – Boy George
- I Get The Sweetest Feeling – Jackie Wilson
- With Or Without You – U2
- The great Pretender – Freddie Mercury
- Weak In The Presence Of Beauty – Alison Moyet
- Respect Yourself – Bruce Willis
- Live It Up – Mental As Anything
- Let’s Wait A While – Janet Jackson
- Sign O’ The Times – Prince
- The Joshua Tree – U2
- Running In The Family – Level 42
- Men And Women – Simply Red
- Move Closer – Various Artists
- The Very Best Of – Hot Chocolate
- Phantom Of The Opera – Original Cast
- Graceland – Paul Simon
- Silk And Steel – Five Star
- Picture Book – Simply Red
- Live Magic – Queen
1994: Singer-songwriter and record producer Dan Hartman, bassist with the Edgar Winter Group and composer of the Take That hit Relight My Fire, dies aged 43 of a brain tumour.
1995: Deputy Governor of the Bank of England, Rupert Pennant-Rea, resigns following revelations of an affair with a freelance journalist.
2002: A British woman paralysed from the neck down wins the legal right to die by having her treatment withdrawn.
2004: Ahmed Yassin, co-founder and leader of Hamas, and his bodyguards are killed in the Gaza Strip by Israeli Air Force missiles.
2006: Basque separatist group ETA declares a permanent ceasefire.
2014: Guinea confirms the Ebola outbreak has already killed 59 people.
2017: A terrorist attack on Westminster Bridge and the Houses of Parliament kills four including a police officer and injures 40.
2018: President Donald Trump imposes $60 billion worth of tariffs on Chinese imports.
2019: East 17 star Brian Harvey is taken to hospital and arrested after ‘threatening self-harm’ in a livestream video.
2020: Folk singer Julie Felix dies aged 81.
BIRTHDAYS: Stephen Sondheim, composer, 91; William Shatner, actor, 90; Roger Whittaker, singer-songwriter, 85; Angelo Badalamenti, composer, 84; George Benson, guitarist/singer-songwriter, 78; James Patterson, author, 74; Andrew Lloyd Webber, composer, 73; John Toshack, footballer/manager, 72; Lena Olin, actress, 65; Matthew Modine, actor, 62; Susanne Sulley, singer, (The Human League) 58; Keegan-Michael Key, comedian/actor/writer, 50; Beverley Knight, singer, 48; Reese (Laura) Witherspoon, actress, 45.