871: Ethelred van Wessex defeats the Danish invasion army at the Battle of Marton.
1349: Townspeople of Fulda, Germany, massacre Jews, blaming them for the Black Death.
1784: The Emerald Buddha is moved with great ceremony to its current place in Wat Phra Kaew, Thailand.
1790: Thomas Jefferson becomes the fir1st US Secretary of State under President George Washington.
1832: Parliament passes the Reform Act, introducing wide-ranging changes to the electoral system of England and Wales.
1903: Niagera Falls runs out of water because of a drought.
1907: The Grand National is won my Eremon, ridden by Alf Newey.
1913: Song Jiaoren, leader of the opposition Chinese Kuomintang Party, is shot at Shanghai Railway Station and dies two days later.
1917: The USA is the first nation to recognise the new government in Russia.
1929: The Grand National is won my 100/1 outsider Gregalach, ridden by Robert W H Everett.
1934: Hakodate, Japan, iss destroyed by a fire which kills 1,500 people.
1939: Lithuania is forced to give Memel territory to Germany.
1941: The Grand Coulee Dam in Washington goes into operation. On the same day, James Stewart is inducted into the Army, becoming the first major American movie star to wear a military uniform in the Second World War.
1946: The first The US rocket to leave the Earth’s atmosphere (50 miles) is launched. On the same day, Britain signs a treaty granting independence to Jordan.
1956: Civil rights leader Martin Luther King is convicted of organising an illegal boycott by black passengers of buses in Alabama. On the same day, driving to New York for appearances on The Perry Como Show and The Ed Sullivan Show, the car that Carl Perkins is travelling in is involved in an accident putting him in hospital for several months and killing his brother.
1957: Singles chart:
- Young Love – Tab Hunter
- Don’t Forbid Me – Pat Boone
- Knee Deep In The Blues – Guy Mitchell
- Long Tall Sally – Little Richard
- Don’t You Rock Me Daddy-O – Lonnie Donegan
- The Banana Boat Song – Harry Belafonte
- True Love – Bing Crosby and Grace Kelly
- Singing The Blues – Guy Mitchell
- The Banana Boat Song – Shirley Bassey
- Friendly Persuasion – Pat Boone
1994: Singer-songwriter and record producer Dan Hartman, bassist with the Edgar Winter Group and composer of the Take That hit Relight My Fire, dies aged 43 of a brain tumour.
1995: Deputy Governor of the Bank of England, Rupert Pennant-Rea, resigns following revelations of an affair with a freelance journalist.
2002: A British woman paralysed from the neck down wins the legal right to die by having her treatment withdrawn.
2004: Ahmed Yassin, co-founder and leader of Hamas, and his bodyguards are killed in the Gaza Strip by Israeli Air Force missiles.
2006: Basque separatist group ETA declares a permanent ceasefire.
2014: Guinea confirms the Ebola outbreak has already killed 59 people.
2017: A terrorist attack on Westminster Bridge and the Houses of Parliament kills four including a police officer and injures 40.
2018: President Donald Trump imposes $60 billion worth of tariffs on Chinese imports.
2019: East 17 star Brian Harvey is taken to hospital and arrested after ‘threatening self-harm’ in a livestream video.
- Singing To Strangers – Jack Savoretti
- Psychodrama – Dave
- What A Time To Be Alive – Tom Walker
- The Greatest Showman – Motion Picture Cast
- Bohemian Rhapsody – Original Soundtrack
- Staying At Tamara’s – George Ezra
- Thank U Next – Ariana Grande
- A Star Is Born – Motion Picture Cast
- Still On My Mind – Dido
- Everything Not Saved Will Be Lost – Pt 1 – Foals
2020: Folk singer Julie Felix dies aged 81.
BIRTHDAYS: William Shatner, actor, 91; Roger Whittaker, singer-songwriter, 86; Angelo Badalamenti, composer, 85; George Benson, guitarist/singer-songwriter, 79; James Patterson, author, 75; Andrew Lloyd Webber, composer, 74; John Toshack, footballer/manager, 73; Lena Olin, actress, 66; Matthew Modine, actor, 63; Susanne Sulley, singer, (The Human League) 59; Keegan-Michael Key, comedian/actor/writer, 51; Beverley Knight, singer, 49; Reese (Laura) Witherspoon, actress, 46.