1797: Birth of Kaiser Wilhelm I, German emperor.
1873: Slavery is abolished in Puerto Rico.
1887: Birth of Chico (Leonard) Marx in New York.
1888: The English Football League is established.
1895: Auguste and Louis Lumiere show their first movie to an invited audience.
1941: The Grand Coulee Dam in Washington goes into operation. On the same day, James Stewart is inducted into the Army, becoming the first major American movie star to wear a military uniform in the Second World War.
1944: Movie star James Stewart flies his 12th combat mission, leading the 2nd Bomb Wing in an attack on Berlin.
1946: The first The US rocket to leave the Earth’s atmosphere (50 miles) is launched.
1952: Wales win the Five Nations Rugby Championship, Grand Slam & Triple Crown with a 9-5 win over France at St. Helen’s Ground, Swansea.
1954: The London bullion market reopens for the first time since 1939.
1956: While driving to New York for appearances on ‘The Perry Como Show’, and ‘The Ed Sullivan Show’, the car that Carl Perkins was traveling in was involved in an accident putting Perkins in hospital for several months. His brother was killed.
1960: The first patent for lasers granted to Arthur Schawlow and Charles Townes.
1963: The Beatles first album, Please Please Me, recorded in one 12-hour session, is released. On the same day, British Minister of War John Profumo denies having sex with Christine Keeler.
1965: The US confirms its troops used chemical warfare against the Vietcong. On the same day, Nicolae Ceausescu is elected General Secretary of the Romanian Communist Party.
1967: Muhammad Ali KOs Zora Folley in Round 7 for heavyweight boxing title.
1971: Brian Faulkner becomes the Prime Minister of Northern Ireland.
1977: Indira Gandhi resigns as Prime Minister of India.
1979: The Provisional IRA assassinates Richard Sykes, the British ambassador to the Netherlands in Den Haag. On the same day, they explode 24 bombs in various locations across Northern Ireland.
1994: Singer, songwriter and record producer Dan Hartman died aged 43 of a brain tumour.
1995: Deputy Governor of the Bank of England, Rupert Pennant-Rea, resigns following revelations of an affair with a freelance journalist.
1996: Steel guitar player Billy Williamson of Bill Haley & His Comets died aged 71.
2004: Ahmed Yassin, co-founder and leader of Hamas, and his bodyguards are killed in the Gaza Strip by Israeli Air Force Hellfire missiles.
2006: Basque separatist group ETA declares a permanent ceasefire.
2014: Guinea confirms Ebola outbreak has already killed 59 people.
2017: A terrorist attack on Westminster Bridge and the Houses of Parliament kills four including a police officer and injures 40.
2018: President Donald Trump imposes $60 billion worth of tariffs on Chinese imports.
BIRTHDAYS: Stephen Sondjeim, composer, 90; William Shatner, actor/director, 89; Roger Whittaker, singer/songwriter, 84; Angelo Badalamenti, composer, 83; George Benson, guitarist/singer, 77; James Paterson, author, 73; Andrew Lloyd Webber, composer, 72; Lena Olin, actress, 64; Matthew Modine, actor, 61; Susanne Sulley, singer (The Himan League) 57; Mickey Dale, keyboardist (Embrace) 52; Beverley Knight, singer, 47; Reese Witherspoon, actress, 44; Ronaldinho, former footballer. 40.