1199: Richard I is wounded by a crossbow bolt while fighting France, leads to his death on April 6.
1807: Parliament abolishes slave trade throughout the British Empire. On the same day, the first fare-paying, passenger railway service in the world is established on the Oystermouth Railway in Swansea.
1957: The Treaty of Rome establishes the Common Market.
1958: Newly registered US Army Private Elvis Presley received the regulation short back and sides haircut from army barber James Peterson. On the same day, Sugar Ray Robinson becomes the first boxer to become champion five times.
1961: Sputnik 10 carries a dog into orbit. On the same day, Bobby Beasley wins the Grand National on Nicolaus Silver, the first grey winner for 90 years and playwright Samuel Beckett marries Suzanne Dechevaux-Dumesnil in a secret civil ceremony in England.
1964: The Beatles make their first appearance on Top of the Pops, performing Can’t Buy Me Love.
1965: Martin Luther King Jr leads 25,000 demonstrators to the state capitol in Montgomery, Alabama.
1966: At a photo session at Bob Whitaker’s studio in London, The Beatles pose in white coats using sides of meat with mutilated and butchered dolls for the cover of their next American album, Yesterday and Today. After advance copies were sent to disc jockeys and record reviewers, negative reaction to the cover photo was so strong, Capitol recalled 750,000 copies from distributors to replace the cover at a cost of $250,000.
1969: John Lennon and Yoko Ono start a week long ‘bed-in’ in the presidential suite at The Amsterdam Hilton hotel. On the same day, loyalists Ian Paisley and Ronald Bunting are jailed for organising an illegal counter demonstration in Armagh on November 30, 1968.
1970: Concorde makes its first supersonic flight.
1972: The Eurovision Song Contest is won by Vicky Leandros for Luxembourg singing “Apres toi” in Edinburgh.
1973: Singles chart:
- The Twelfth Of Never – Donny Osmond
- Cum On Feel The Noize – Slade
- Get Down – Gilbert O’Sullivan
- Power To All Our Friends – Cliff Richard
- 20th Century Boy – T. Rex
- Feel The Need In Me – The Detroit Emeralds
- Tie A Yellow Ribbon Round The Old Oak Tree – Dawn ft Tony Orlando
- I Am A Clown – David Cassidy
- Killing Me Softly With His Song – Roberta Flack
- Never Never Never – Shirley Bassey
- 20 Flashback Greats Of The Sixties – Various Artists
- The Dark Side Of The Moon – Pink Floyd
- Billion Dollar Babies – Alice Cooper
- Tanx – T. Rex
- Don’t Shoot Me I’m Only The Piano Player – Elton John
- Greatest Hits – Simon and Garfunkel
- Bursting At The Seams – The Strawbs
- A Clockwork Orange – Original Soundtrack
- Slayed? – Slade
- Rock Me Baby – David Cassidy
1975: King Faisal of Saudi Arabia is assassinated by his nephew Prince Faisal Ibu Musaed. On the same day, members of the National Front march through north London protesting against integration with Europe.
1980: The British Olympic Association votes by a large majority to defy government requests and send athletes to the Olympic Games in Moscow. On the same day, cricketer Ian Botham makes his Football League debut for Scunthorpe United, coming on as a sub in the Division 4 match at Bournemouth.
1991: Dances With Wolves wins the Oscar for best picture and best director (Kevin Costner) at the Academy Awards. Kathy Bates takes the award for best actress for Misery and Jeremy Irons is best actor as Claus von Bulow in Reversal Of Fortune.
1992: Cosmonaut Sergei Krikalev returns to Earth after a 10-month stay aboard the Mir space station.
1995: Boxer Mike Tyson is released from jail after serving three years for rape.
2000: David Trimble narrowly beats off a challenge to his leadership of the Ulster Unionist Party. On the same day, former Bay City Rollers drummer Derek Longmuir is given 300 hours community service after being caught with a hoard of child pornography including 150 videos and 73 floppy disks.
2001: Russell Crowe wins the Oscar for best actor (Gladiator) at the Academy Awards.
2002: Legedary football commentator Kenneth Wolstenholme dies aged 81.
2005: Ozzy Osbourne and his wife Sharon are forced to flee their Buckinghamshire mansion after a blaze broke out while they slept.
2012: Peter Cruddas, treasurer of the Conservative Party, resigns after being caught on film selling access to Prime Minister David Cameron.
2015: Zayn Malik leaves One Direction.
2018: Australian cricket captain Steve Smith is handed a one-match ban after admitting the team tampered with the ball in the third test against South Africa.
2019: Singer-songwriter Scott Walker (Engel) dies age 76. On the same day, NASA cancels a planned historic all-female spacewalk because it doesn’t have enough spacesuits to fit women and a British Airways flight from London mistakenly flies to Edinburgh instead of Düsseldorf.
2020: The Prince of Wales tests positive for COVID-19.
BIRTHDAYS: Gloria Steinem, journalist/activist, 88; Richard O’Brien (Smith) actor/writer, 80; Kim Woodburn, TV personality, 80; Sir Elton John, singer-songwriter, 75; Bonnie Bedelia (Culkin), actress, 74; Bob Ezrin, record producer, 73; Steve Norman, sax/percussion.guitar (Spandau Ballet) 62; Marcia Cross, actress, 60; Sarah Jessica Parker, actress, 57; Cathy Dennis, singer-songwriter, 53; Melanie Blatt, singer (All Saints) 47; Katharine McPhee (Foster) actress, 47; Wladimir Klitschko, boxer, 46; Édgar Ramírez (Arellano), actor, 45; Lee Pace, actor, 43; Jadon Sancho, footballer, 22.