193AD: Roman Emperor Pertinax is assassinated by Praetorian Guards, who then sell the throne in an auction to Didius Julianus.
845: Paris is sacked by Viking raiders.
1584: Death of Ivan The Terrible.
1772: Charles Edward Stuart “Bonnie Prince Charlie” marries by proxy Princess Louise of Stolberg-Gedern.
1797: Nathaniel Briggs of New Hampshire patents the washing machine.
1799: New York State abolishes slavery.
1809: Peninsular War: France defeats Spain in the Battle of Medelin.
1845: Mexico drops diplomatic relations with US.
1854: Britain and France declare war on Russia during the Crimean War.
1859: First performance of Johannes Brahms’ 1st Serenade for orchestra.
1881: Death of composer Modest Mussorsky aged 42.
1891: The first world weightlifting championship won by Edward Lawrence in London.
1916: First performance of “Jerusalem” by George Parry set to words by William Blake.
1920: Actors Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Pickford marry.
1930: Turkish cities Constantinople and Angora change their names to Istanbul and Ankara.
1939: The Spanish Civil War ends as Madrid falls to Franco.
1941: Writer Virginia Woolf commits suicide aged 59.
1942: British naval forces raid the Nazi occupied French port of St Nazaire.
1957: Singer Billie Holiday marries mafia enforcer Louis McKay.
1958: Death of blues composer W C Handy aged 84.
1965: Martin Luther King leads protestors to the steps of the state capital of Montgomery, Alabama.
1967: Working on the Beatles’ Sgt Pepper album, John Lennon records his lead vocal for his song Good Morning Good Morning. Paul McCartney adds a guitar solo to the track.
1969: Death of former US president Dwight D Eisenhower aged 78.
1974: Blues singer Arthur ‘Big Boy’ Crudup dies of a stroke at the age of 69.
1979: Radioactive steam leaks into the atmosphere at Three Mile Island in Pennsylvania prompting fears for the safety of the plant’s 500 workers. On the same day, Prime Minister James Callaghan loses a parliamentary vote of confidence by just one – forcing him to call an early general election.
1982: David Crosby was arrested after crashing his car on the San Diego Highway. Police also found cocaine and a pistol in the car.
1983: Ian Macgregor, leader of the British Steel Corporation is named as the new chairman of the National Coal Board.
1985: French artist Marc Chagall dies aged 97.
1987: Death of actor Patrick Troughton aged 67.
1991: A jury returns a verdict of accidental death at the end of the inquest of 95 Liverpool football fans crushed to death at Hillsborough, Sheffield on April 15 1989 during the FA Cup semi final game between Liverpool and Nottingham Forest.
1994: BBC Radio Five Live broadcasts for the first time.
1995: Film star Julia Roberts and country singer Lyle Lovett split up.
1996: Angelina Jolie marries actor Johnny Lee Miller.
2003: In a “friendly fire” incident, two US A-10 Thunderbolt IIs from the 190th Fighter Squadron attack British tanks participating in the invasion of Iraq.
2004: Death of actor, author, journalist, comedian and broadcaster Peter Ustinov aged 82.
- Yeah – Usher ft L’il Jon and Ludacris
- Cha Cha Slide – DJ Casper
- Left Outside Alone – Anastacia
- Breathe Easy – Blue
- Love Is Only A Feeling – The Darkness
- Toxic – Britney Spears
- The Way You Move -Outkast ft Sleepy Brown
- In The Middle – Sugababes
- Through The Wire – Kanye West
- She Wants To Move – N.E.R.D.
- Confessions – Usher
- Patience – George Michael
- Greatest Hits – Guns n Roses
- Fly Or Die – N.E.R.D.
- Call Off The Search – Katie Melua
- Feels Like Home – Norah Jones
- His Greatest Love Songs – Engelbert Humperdinck
- Friday’s Child – Will Young
- The Jukebox Years – Daniel O’Donnell
- Me And Mr Johnson – Eric Clapton
2013: Justin Bieber runs into trouble at Munich airport when customs officials detain and quarantine his monkey. On the same day, actor Richard Griffiths dies aged 65.
2014: Tickets for Kate Bush’s first live shows in 35 years sell out in less than 15 minutes.
2017: Britain introduces 1st new pound coin in 30 years with secret security feature inside to stop counterfeiting. On the same day, Donald Trump signs Energy Independence executive order undoing Obama climate-control measures.
2018: Captain Steve Smith and David Warner are suspended by Cricket Australia for 12 months, and Cameron Bancroft (9 months) for their part in the infamous ball-tampering scandal in South Africa.
2019: The European parliament bans single-use plastics, including cutlery and straws by 2021.
BIRTHDAYS: Michael Parkinson, broadcaster, 86; Neil Kinnock, former leader of the Labour Party, 79; Dianne Wiest, actress, 73; John Evan (Evans) keyboards (Jethro Tull) 73; Reba McEntire, country artist, 67; Chris Barrie, actor, 61; Steve Bull, footballer, 56; Nasser Hussain, cricketer, 53; Tim Lovejoy, broadcaster, 53; Vince Vaughn, actor, 51; Nick Frost, actor/writer, 49; Scott Mills, Radio 1 DJ, 47; Dave Keuning, guitarist (The Killers) 45; Julia Stiles, actress, 40; Nikki Sanderson, actress, 37; Lady Gaga (Stefani Germanotta) singer-songwriter, 35; Lacey Turner, actress, 33.