1409: The Austrian civil war ends.
1431: Bishop Gabriele Condulmer is elected as Pope Eugene IV.
1794: First performance of Joseph Haydn’s 101st Symphony in D.
1815: The US declares war on Algiers for taking US prisoners & demanding tribute.
1837: President Andrew Jackson and Congress recognize the Republic of Texas.
1842: First performance of Felix Mendelssohn;s third “Scottish” Symphony.
1845: Florida becomes the 27th state of the Union.
1847: Birth of Alexander Graham Bell, inventor of the telephone, in Edinburgh.
1857: The Second Opium War: France and the UK declare war on China.
1861: Tsar Alexander II of Russia signs the Emancipation Manifesto, freeing serfs and granting them the full rights of free citizens.
1875: The first recorded hockey game in Montreal, Canada. On the same day, Georges Bizet’s final opera “Carmen” premieres in Paris.
1878: Bulgaria is liberated from Turkey.
1891: The penalty spot kick rule in football is conceived, but does not come into effect until the following season.
1894: The government of William Gladstone resigns.
1904: England cricketer Bernard Bosanquet takes 6 for 51 as the tourists dismiss Australia for 171 in the fourth Test in Sydney to regain the Ashes. On the same day, Kaiser Willhelm II of Germany becomes the first person to make a sound recording of a political document, using Thomas Edison’s cylinder.
1917: The first major strike of the Russian “February Revolution” starts at the giant Putilov factory in Petrograd.
1921: Drs Banting and Best announce the discovery of insulin in Canada.
1923: The first edition of Time magazine.
1924: Sean O’Casey’s “Juno & the Paycock” premieres in Dublin.
1931: The Star Spangled Banner officially becomes the US national anthem. On the same day, Cab Calloway records “Minnie The Moocher”, jazz’s first million seller.
1934: Gangster John Dillinger breaks out of jail using a wooden pistol.
1939: Mahatma Gandhi begins a fast in Bombay to protest against autocratic rule in India.
1943: Bethnal Green Tube disaster: 173 die in a stampede sheltering in an air raid. Details of the UK’s greatest loss of civilian life in the Second World War is censored until 1945.
1945: The RAF erroneously bombs The Hague, killing 511.
1955: Elvis Presley makes his first TV appearance on “Louisiana Hayride”.
1959: Death of comedian Lou Costello from a heart attack aged 52.
1961: King Hassan II ascends to throne of Morocco.
1967: Grenada gains partial independence from Britain.
1968: Pirate radio station Radio Caroline goes off the air when its ships Mi Amigo and Caroline are boarded and seized before the day’s broadcasting begins.
- John Wesley Harding – Bob Dylan
- Greatest Hits – The Supremes
- The Sound Of Music – Original Soundtrack
- Greatest Hits – The Four Tops
- British Motown Chartbusters – Various Artists
- Sgt Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band – The Beatles
- 13 Smash Hits – Tom Jones
- Reach Out – The Four Tops
- Otis Blue – Otis Redding
- Pisces Aquarius Capricorn and Jones – The Monkees
1969: Launch of Apollo 9.
1971: Winnie Mandela is sentenced to a year in jail in South Africa.
1974: A Turkish Airlines DC10 crashes near Paris, en route to London, killing all 345 people on board.
1976: Mozambique closes its border with Rhodesia.
1980: Pierre Trudeau is sworn in, for the second time, as Canadian Prime Minister.
1982: HM The Queen opens the new £153m Barbican Arts Centre in the City of London.
1983: Death of Herge (Georges Prosper Remi), creator of Tintin, aged 75.
1985: Miners’ leaders vote to end the longest-running industrial dispute in Britain without any peace deal over pit closures.
1987: Death of Hollywood legend Danny Kaye (Daniel Kaminski) aged 76.
1991: Los Angeles police officers severely beat motorist Rodney King, The incident is captured on amateur video. On the same day, Latvia & Estonia vote to become independent of the USSR.
1992: The Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina is established.
1995: Camilla Parker Bowles and her husband Andrew divorce.
1997: The tallest free-standing structure in the Southern Hemisphere, Sky Tower in Auckland, New Zealand, opens after two-and-a-half years of construction.
1998: Bill Gates testifies at a Senate Judiciary Committee about Microsoft’s dominant position in the software industry.
2005: Steve Fossett becomes the first person to fly solo, non-stop around the globe without refuelling.
2006: Death of Scottish absurdist poet/musician Ivor Cutler aged 82.
2008: Beatles engineer Norman Smith dies at the age of 85. Smith who worked on every studio recording the band made between 1962 and 1965 was nicknamed Hurricane and had hits himself in 1971 with the songs Don’t Let It Die and Oh Babe, What Would You Say.
2010: Death of former Labour Party leader Michael Foot aged 96.
2013: Tenor singer and songwriter Bobby Rogers of The Miracles dies aged 73.
- Mirrors – Justin Timberlake
- Pompeii – Bastille
- One Way Or Another (Teenage Kicks) – One Direction
- Thrift Shop – Macklemore/Ryan Lewis/Wanz
- I Could Be The One – Avicii ft Nicky Romero
- I Knew You Were Trouble – Taylor Swift
- When I Was Your Man – Bruno Mars
- Harlem Shake – Baauer
- Reload – Wiley ft Chip
- Just Give Me A Reason – Pink ft Nate Ruess
2015: Rolling Stones guitarist Keith Richards objects to a planned £1.5million cafe being built on a beach front near his Redlands mansion in West Sussex.
2017: A mass grave of 800 children and infants is confirmed at a former Catholic care home in Tuam, Ireland.
2018: Death of Roger Bannister, first man to run the sub four-minute mile, aged 88.
2020: Iran releases 54,000 people from prison to avoid spread of COVID-19 as country reports 77 deaths and 2,300 cases including two dozen MPs.
BIRTHDAYS: Mike Pender (Prendergast) guitarist/singer (The Searchers) 81; John Virgo, snooker player, 76; Jennifer Warnes, singer, 75; Snowy (Terence) White, guitarist, 74; Robyn Hitchcock, singer/songwriter, 70; Zico (Arthur Antunes Coimbra) Brazilian footballer, 69; Chris Hughes, drummer/producer (Adam and the Ants) 68; Miranda Richardson, actress, 64; Tone- Loc, (Antony Smith) rapper, 56; Julie Bowen (Luetkemeyer), actress, 52; Darren Anderton, footballer, 50; Ronan Keating, singer, 45; Alex Zane, TV presenter, 43; Jessica Biel (Timberlake), actress, 40; Antonio Rüdiger, footballer, 29; Camilla Cabello, singer, 25.