1296: Edward I sacks Berwick-upon-Tweed, during an armed conflict between Scotland and England.
1533: Thomas Cranmer becomes Archbishop of Canterbury.
1674: Jethro Tull, inventor of the see drill, is born.
1842: Ether is used as an anaesthetic for the first time.
1853: Birth of artist Vincent van Gogh.
1856: Russia signs the Treaty of Paris, ending the Crimean War.
1867: The US buys Alaska from Russia for $7,200,000.
1883: Count Karel Kinsky rides Zoedone to victory in the Grand National.
1894: George Bernard Shaw’s “Candida” premieres at Theatre Royal, South Shields.
1939: The Heinkel He 100 fighter sets a world airspeed record of 463 mph.
1942: The SS murders 200 inmates of Trawniki concentration camp.
1944: 781 British bombers attack Nuremberg.
1951: Electrical engineer Julius Rosenberg and his wife, Ethel, are found guilty by the Federal Court in New York of passing secrets about the atomic bomb to Russia.
1953: Albert Einstein announces revised unified field theory.
1954: Test Cricket debut of Garry Sobers for the West Indies v England.
1955: Marlon Brando wins the Oscar for best actor in On The Waterfront at the Academy Awards.
1959: The Dalai Lama flees Tibet and is granted political asylum in India.
1967: The photo session took place at Chelsea Manor studios in London with Michael Cooper for the cover of The Beatles’ Sgt Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band. The gru then returned to the studio to continue recording the song With A Little Help From My Friends.
1968: Brian Fletcher wins the Grand National on 100/7 chance Red Alligator.
1972: North Vietnam launches a major offensive against South Vietnam.
1974: Brian Fletcher wins the Grand National on Red Rum for the second consecutive year.
1978: Paul Simonon and Nicky “Topper” Headon of The Clash are arrested in Camden Town after shooting racing pigeons with air guns from the roof of Chalk Farm Studios. Four police cars and a helicopter are used to make the arrest.
1979: Shadow Northern Ireland Secretary Airey Neave MP is killed by an IRA car bomb as he leaves the House of Commons car park.
1981: President Ronald Reagan is shot and wounded in Washington by lone gunman John Hinkley.
1985: Ireland beat England 13-10 at Lansdowne Road, Dublin to clinch it’s 10th outright Five Nations Rugby Championship and sixth Triple Crown.
1986: Death of actor James Cagney aged 86.
- Living Doll – Cliff Richard and the Young Ones
- Wonderful World – Sam Cooke
- Touch Me (I Want Your Body) – Samantha Fox
- A Different Corner – George Michael
- You To Me are Everything – The Real Thing
- Chain Reaction – Diana Ross
- A King Of Magic – Queen
- Absolute Beginners – David Bowie
- Peter Gunn – Art Of Noise ft Duane Eddy
- Rock Me Amadeus – Falco
- Hits 4 – Various Artists
- Brothers In Arms – Dire Straits
- Please – The Pet Shop Boys
- Dirty Work – The Rolling Stones
- Whitney Houston – Whitney Houston
- Welcome To The Real World – Mr Mister
- No Jacket Required – Phil Collins
- The Hymns Album – Huddersfield Choral Society
- Hits For Lovers – Various Artists
- Rocky IV – Original Soundtrack
1987: Vincent van Gogh’s “Sunflowers” sells for a record £22.5 million.
1992: Anthony Hopkins and Jodie Foster are awarded Oscars for their roles in Silence of the Lambs.
2000: Mick Jagger opened the new arts centre that had been named after him at his old school, Dartford Grammar. The singer said he had spent the worst years of his life there. On the same day, Richard Branson is knighted by the Prince of Wales at Buckingham Palace.
2001: At 15 years 9 months, swimmer Michael Phelps breaks the 200m butterfly world record at the US World Championship trials at Austin, Texas.
2002: The Queen Mother dies peacefully in her sleep aged 101.
2004: Death of broadcaster Alistair Cooke aged 95.
2007: A man was arrested by police and detained under the Mental Health Act after trying to force his way into Paul McCartney’s Surrey mansion, screaming: “I must get to him.”
2013: North Korea declares it is at a state of war with South Korea.
2018: Actor Bill Maynard (Walter Williams) dies aged 89.
2020: Singer-songwriter Bill Withers dies aged 81.
BIRTHDAYS: Rolf Harris, 91; Warren (Henry) Beatty, actor/director, 84; Graeme Edge, drummer (The Moody Blues) 79; Eric Clapton (Clapp), guitarist/singer-songwriter, 76; Robbie Coltrane (Anthony McMillan), actor, 71; Paul Reiser, actor, 65; MC Hammer, (Stanley Kirk Burrell) rapper, 59; Tracy Chapman, singer-songwriter, 57; Piers Morgan, broadcaster, 56; Celine Dion, singer, 53; Mark Consuelos, actor, 50; Norah Jones, singer-songwriter, 42; Simon Webbe, singer, (Blue) 42; Sergio Ramos (Garcia), Spanish footballer, 35.